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Ceftiofur (as sodium) 1 g
Ceftiofur (as sodium) 4 g
Excipients qs 1 vial
One ml solvent contains
Water for injections 1 ml
1 ml of reconstituted solution contains:
Ceftiofur (as sodium) 50 mg
Powder: white to off white powder.
Solvent: clear and colourless liquid.
Reconstituted solution: clear brownish yellow to yellow coloured solution.
- For the treatment of bacterial respiratory disease associated with Pasteurella multocida andMannheimia haemolyticasensitive to ceftiofur.
- For the treatment of cattle with interdigital necrobacillosis (foot rot) in which Fusobacterium necrophorum and Bacteroides melaninogenicus (Porphyromonas asaccharolytica) sensitive to ceftiofurare involved.
- For the treatment of bacterial respiratory disease in which Pasteurella multocida, Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia and Streptococcus suis sensitive to ceftiofur are involved.
In case of repeated administrations, precautions must be taken, such as injections on both sides of the neck.
Cevaxel selects for resistant strains such as bacteria carrying extended spectrum betalactamases (ESBL) and may constitute a risk to human health if these strains disseminate to humans e.g. via food. For this reason, Cevaxel should be reserved for the treatment of clinical conditions which have responded poorly, or are expected to respond poorly (refers to very acute cases when treatment must be initiated without bacteriological diagnosis) to first line treatment. Official, national and regional antimicrobial policies should be taken into account when the product is used. Increased use, including use of the product deviating from the instructions given in the SPC, may increase the prevalence of such resistance. Whenever possible, Cevaxel should only be used based on susceptibility testing.
Cevaxel is intended for treatment of individual animals. Do not use for disease prevention or as a part of heard health programmes. Treatment of groups of animals should be strictly restricted to ongoing disease outbreaks according to the approved conditions of use.
Special precautions to be taken by the person administering the veterinary medicinal product to animals
Penicillins and cephalosporins may cause hypersensitivity following injection, inhalation, ingestion or skin contact. Hypersensitivity to penicillins may lead to cross sensitivity to cephalosporins and vice versa. Allergic reactions to these substances may occasionally be serious. People with known hypersensitivity should avoid contact with the veterinary medicinal product. In case of development of a skin rash following exposure, seek medical advice. Swelling of the face, lips or eyes or difficulty in breathing are more serious symptoms and require urgent medical attention. Wash hands after use.
In local tolerance studies conducted in cattle and swine, mild and transient swelling were observed at the injection site in a few pigs six hours after injection. No signs of swelling at the palpation of the injection site were observed 24 hours after injection.
Hypersensitivity reactions can occasionally occur. In the case of an allergic reaction, treatment should be stopped.
The solution for injection is to be reconstituted with 20 ml of water for injections for the 1 g presentation and with 80 ml of water for injections for the 4 g presentation.
Rapid addition of solvent will give best results.
- For respiratory disease
1 mg ceftiofur (as sodium) per kg bodyweight per day for 3 to 5 days, i.e. 1 ml of reconstituted solution per 50 kg bodyweight per day for 3 to 5 days.
- For interdigital necrobacillosis (foul in the foot rot)
1 mg ceftiofur (as sodium) per kg bodyweight per day for 3 days, i.e. 1 ml of reconstituted solution per 50 kg bodyweight per day for 3 days.
3 mg ceftiofur (as sodium) per kg bodyweight per day for 3 days, i.e. 1 ml of reconstituted solution per 16 kg bodyweight per day for 3 days.
The dose should be given once daily at 24 hour intervals.
Do not administer more than 10 ml per injection site.
In pigs, the lowest toxicity of ceftiofur was demonstrated at 8 times the therapeutic dose for 15 days by intramuscular use.
- Cattle: 2 days.
- Pigs: 2 days.
Milk: zero days.
ATCvet code: QJ01DD90.
Ceftiofur has bactericidal properties, acting by inhibition of the bacteria cell wall synthesis.
Cell wall synthesis is dependent on enzymes that are called penicillin-binding proteins (PBP's). Bacteria develop resistance to cephalosporins by four basic mechanisms: 1) altering or acquiring penicillin binding proteins insensitive to an otherwise effective b-lactam; 2) altering the permeability of the cell to b-lactams; 3) producing b-lactamases that cleave the b-lactam ring of the molecule, or 4) active efflux.
Ceftiofur is active against the following pathogenic bacteria:
- Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, Actinobacillus somnus responsible for bovine respiratory diseases
- Fusobacterium necrophorum and Bacteroides melaninogenicus (Porphyromonas asaccharolytica) responsible for bovine interdigital necrobacillosis
- Pasteurella multocida, Streptococcus suis and Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia responsible for porcine respiratory diseases
The following ceftiofur breakpoints are used: ? 2 µg/mL (Susceptible), 4 µg/mL (Intermediate) and ?8 µg/mL (Resistant).
Repeated administrations induce no accumulation in cattle and pigs.
Potassium dihydrogen phosphate.
Water for injections.
- Shelf life of the product after reconstitution according to directions:
7 days, stored in a refrigerator (2 °C – 8 °C)
12 hours, stored below 25°C
Keep the vial in the outer carton in order to protect from light.
- Glass vial type I
- Bromobutyl rubber stopper.
- Glass vial type II
- Chlorobutyl rubber stopper.
Box containing 1 vial of Cevaxel 50 mg/ml 1 g and box containing a vial of 20 ml solvent
Box containing 1 vial of Cevaxel 50 mg/ml, 4 g and box containing a vial of 80 ml solvent
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
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Product indications, usage instructions & withdrawal periods may vary by Country.
Always follow label instructions and consult your veteriarian or pig health adviser.
This page contains information on veterinary pharmaceutical and biological products that are sold in several different countries and areas where they may be marketed under different trade names and pursuant to different regulatory approvals. Accordingly, ThePigSite and CEVA SANTE ANIMALE give no guarantee that the details presented are correct with respect to all locations.