For successful Al operation, a customised system should be created which fits the individual unit's needs. This need not be expensive, but bear in mind that the average service area would be ultimately responsible for several hundred thousand pounds of revenue.
These facilities must have:-
Sufficient pens to grade sows, large/medium/small
Easy access from weaned sow area
A design to facilitate movement of stock and safety
Space to allow sows to be moved to boars two at a time
Stock-friendly ambience- non-slip floors/straw
Protection from weather extremes - cool for summer,
warm for winter.
The design should incorporate: -
Sow-holding area away from boars (pre serving)
Boar-holding interaction pen with perpendicular bars to allow sow nose-to-nose contact
Insemination pen alongside boar pen where sows will be tested for oestrus without interference from other sows
Post-insemination resting pens for sows to continue to assimilate semen without stress
Equipment-holding facilities for cool box, catheters, gels.