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FMD Cases Discovered in Pigs in Kinmen

06 February 2012

TAIWAN - Dr Kwo-Ching Huang, Chief Veterinary Officer and Deputy Director General of the Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine Council of Agriculture has reported two outbreaks of foot and mouth disease, both in Kinmen.

The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) received an immediate notification on Friday, 3 February. The outbreak was first observed on 26 January and confirmed on 1 February.

Out of 530 susceptible pigs, 76 cases were identified. All 530 animals were destroyed.

Pigs with vesicular lesions were found on two neighbouring pig farms in Kinmen county. The testing result of collected samples from National Laboratory showed positive reaction to RT-PCR test and virus isolation confirming the serotype O of foot and mouth disease infection.

The gene sequence of the isolated virus from outbreak 1 shows serotype O SEA topotype. All the pigs were destroyed and the cleaning and disinfection of the index farms were completed.

The clinical inspection and epidemiological investigation on the surrounding farms that keep cloven-hoofed animals within 3-km radius of the index farms are underway.

The OIE Animal Health Information Department states that this is the first occurrence of FMD serotype O South-East Asia topotype.

The source of the outbreak has not yet been identified.

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