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Newsletter 15th March 2004

thePigSite.com's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter thePigSite.com's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 15th March 2004
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Click here to read what he has to say on some key industry issues.

* This Weeks Industry Showcase
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

This week we start in North America, where Glen Grimes and Ron Plain report January's US pork imports were down 1% from a year earlier. Pork exports were up 14.7% with the biggest buyer, Japan, reducing their purchases by 2.2% but Canada taking nearly 39% more pork than 12 months earlier. The increase in demand helped live hog prices $2 higher than a week earlier.

As Canada takes more US Pork, the NPPC, along with state pork producer organizations and individual U.S. pork producers has filed antidumping and countervailing duty petitions with the U.S. government in an effort to redress the "injury that has been caused by the recent surge in unfairly traded imports of hogs from Canada".
     Of course, Canada is preparing to defend itself against US allegations that it unfairly subsidizes hog production, says Farmscape. Agriculture and Agrifood Canada says defending Canadian producers against a pending US trade action will be complex and costly but, in the end, Canada will win.
See: PORK WARS for more information.

The US meat market remains as buoyant as ever, despite the recent animal health scares writes Anthony Fletcher in FoodProductionDaily. The Atkins diet is helping demand which in January saw the the USDA estimate weekly hog slaughter at 2.096 million, up 120,000 head and the second largest January weekly slaughter ever, said the report.

Farmscape reports that stronger Canadian hog prices, expected this spring and summer, could be offset by the pending US trade action. Livestock Economist Brad Marceniuk said "if the US ends up imposing duties on the import of live hogs from Canada, the price of Canadian hogs can be expected to drop by an amount equal to that duty".

Canada and Ontario have signed an agreement to implement the Agricultural Policy Framework (APF), a new approach to safety net programs in Ontario, reports Ontario pork. The Canadian Agricultural Income Stabilization (CAIS) program is part of the APF and combines income stabilization assistance and disaster assistance.

A panel of industry and veterinary experts conceded that major challenges lie ahead in terms of achieving a better understanding of animal behavior. For example, tail biting has become an activist issue because producers perform tail docking on piglets to forestall biting activity. "The research just isn't there," a vet admitted. "We really don't have a definitive explanation of why it happens and how to control it."

Iowa is a key battleground for supporters of legislation to reduce use of many antibiotics in livestock production, reports Hoovers.
     Supporters say phasing out antibiotivcs as growth promoters would have no impact on the cost to consumers and virtually no effect on productivity, although it could increase the cost of feeder pigs by $1. The effort is being modeled in part on Denmark's phase out of the routine use of antibiotics a few years ago.

Mexico and Japan have reached a tentative trade agreement which will allow Mexico to export some 80,000 tons of pork a year to Japan under preferential tariffs, Reuters reports.

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In Russia, the government has announced that it will increase import quotas for poultry, beef and pork from countries free of disease at the expense of countries that have been hit by outbreaks. Russia has previously restricted imports of poultry, pork and beef by quotas to protect domestic breeders.

In the EU, higher pig meat prices have lifted domestic markets despite the weakness of the Euro.
     There are a number of factors contributing to the European price rally, such as falling pig numbers in some countries, the reintroduction of export refunds until April 30, and ongoing concern over avian flu. As a result German, French and Spanish prices have risen by between 5% and 8% over the past two weeks, although EU meat traders are forecasting that prices will now level out.

UK pig numbers continue to fall, according to latest figures from the MLC. Slaughter levels throughout 2003 remained well below the previous year due to a smaller breeding herd and poorer sow productivity. Although carcass weights have risen by an average of 1kg a year over the past 10 years, the overall tonnage of pig meat produced last year was still 10% down on 2002, reports FWi.

Pig producers have to show consumers and retailers that the Quality Standard Mark means business. This was the prevailing message from a debate on the subject at the NPA's latest meeting. A BPEX representative said that the time was right to spend money on promoting the Quality Standard Mark if producers were to maintain their premium.


* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 3 new features this week

Matching Product Performance to Market Needs
By Dr Alan E Tinch, Head of Genetics and R&D, JSR Genetics Ltd - This is a report from The 14th Annual JSR Technical Conference held on the 16th September 2003. The function of our industry is to produce pork for the consumer which is wholesome and desirable at an affordable price. The price should allow all sectors of the market to make reasonable profits.

Digestibilty of Energy and Amino Acids in High Oil Corn
By Ruurd T. Zijlstra, Tom E. Sauber, and John F. Patience for Prairie Swine Center - High-oil corn is used as a source of nutrients, especially energy, to meet requirement of pigs. In the present study, DE content and digestibility of energy and amino acids of high-oil corn was characterized and related to chemical characteristics.

Coccidiosis - an under-diagnosed cause of scouring in piglets
By Jake Waddilove, MA, VetMB, MRCVS - This article from Antec International looks at Coccidiosis in swine, which the author states is an often under-diagnosed cause of scouring in piglets.

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* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)

Topic: The Management of Infertility
Extracted from
Buy this book
Click book for more details
Subject: Diseases that may be associated with repeat matings at 18 - 23 days or more

This weeks tip runs through a list of diseases that may be associated with repeat matings at 18 - 23 days or more.

To read this weeks tip, Click Here

NEXT WEEK'S TIPS:
Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Returns to oestrus more than 23 days post mating (sows pregnant)

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MaxiVac Excell 3 - Swine Influenza Vaccine, H1N1 & H3N2, Killed Virus

* Finally...

Lessons from the poultry industry

World-wide, more pork is consumed than any other meat. At 90 million tons a year it far outstrips the 60 million tons of poultry meat, so of all meat producers, pig farmers have the greatest potential market, Dr Alan Tinch, head of genetics and research at JSR Genetics, reminded members at a recent Pig Discussion Group meeting.
     In a back-to-basics presentation, he pointed out that both pigs and chickens had become domesticated because they were able to live close to people, were easy to feed, lived in family groups, had a high reproductive rate and were active at birth. These basic qualities needed to be borne in mind when developing the best management systems.
     As a chicken geneticist and technologist who "crossed the road" to pig breeding, he pointed out that, in the global broiler industry, the breeds from just four companies now account for 90 per cent of world production. With pigs, home breeding accounts for 50 per cent of production and over 12 breeding companies account for the rest.
     The main difference between the species is the feed efficiency, where the chicken has a large advantage. The chicken typically has an overall feed conversion rate of 1.8 compared with 2.5 for the pig.

Supporting ThePigSite.com, allowing us to keep you updated for FREE.
JSR Genetics, JSR Healthbred - Genetics you can trust

That's all for this week.

Ed.

P.S Are you this weeks Book Draw Winner? Click Here to find out.

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