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Newsletter 29th March 2004's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 29th March 2004
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Ingelvac PRRS KVIngelvac PRRS KV (killed vaccine) is indicated for the control of PRRS in breeding sows and gilts.
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Pig Production TrainingPig Production Training
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MaxiVac Excell 3MaxiVac Excell 3 is for use in healthy pigs, 5 weeks or older as an aid in the prevention of disease associated with swine influenza virus subtypes H1N1 and H3N2.
Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in the US where Glen Grimes and Ron Plain report that hog prices stumbled a bit this week in their spring rally, while the supply of pork is likely to continue to run well above last year for both the second and third quarter.
     According to the latest USDA quarterly Hogs and Pig report, which arrived on Friday, the breeding herd was down 1%, the market herd up 2% and total herd up 2% from a year earlier.

Livestock producers can use new versions of two spreadsheets to help determine optimum times for keeping sows in their operations, says the Iowa Pork Industry Center. The farrow-to-finish operations and breed-to-wean operation programs provide producers with a net present value analysis that helps provide an economic overview of their operation.

The first study results on the viability of alternative methods to dispose of hog waste should be released in July, reports the WilmingtonStar. North Carolina State University has spent nearly four years evaluating technology to eliminate bad odors and reduce the amount of nutrients and pathogens entering the air and groundwater from the waste.

The US and the Dominican Republic completed negotiations last week to integrate the Caribbean nation into the recently concluded Central American Free Trade Agreement. The NPPC highlighted both immediate and phased-in concessions on U.S. pork and pork products.

The Canadian Pork Council says the new 'Brand Canada' approach to promoting Canadian pork in Japan is being welcomed by Japanese retailers. A pilot pork promotion, launched early this month targets newspapers and the subway system in Japan in an effort to build Japanese consumer awareness of Canadian pork, reports Farmscape.

In the UK, the English breeding herd fell by only 2,000 sows - 1.7 percent - last year, according to Defra's December-to-December census. This is an excellent result for an industry that hitherto has been in freefall, reports the NPA. The industry's aim over the past four years has been to bring about the market changes necessary to stabilise the national herd.

British pig breeders have a marvellous opportunity with the enlargement of the EU and the British Pig Executive (BPEX) is making sure they don't miss out. BPEX, in conjunction with UK Trade and Investment, is offering grants to exporters of pig genetics, to help them bring potential customers to the UK for the Pig and Poultry Fair on May 12 and 13.

Another report just published by BPEX shows rising costs of production in Europe are being matched by rises in Great Britain. The report shows production costs in the rest of Europe have risen by 10p per kg since 2000 but costs in Great Britain are still 11p per kg above this level.

Some producers are spending more on medication than feed, an Edinburgh conference heard. "At the very worst end of the scale some producers are spending as much as £170 a sow. This means that they are spending more on medication than feed, which is simply not sustainable."

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MaxiVac Excell 3 - Swine Influenza Vaccine, H1N1 & H3N2, Killed Virus

EU pig prices have risen by about 30% since the start of this year, but the stronger Pound against the Euro has limited domestic increases to just over 5%. After three months of continuous improvement, EU and UK pig prices appear to be stabilising. However, following the improvement in prices, Brussels has suspended export refunds for pig carcasses and fresh cuts. The measure, introduced in January along with private storage aid to help pig producers faced with values of just €1.12/kg (76p) and rising feed costs, may knock prices back again.

Australian Agriculture Minister Warren Truss has announced that a new working group has been set up to examine ways of ensuring a prosperous long-term future for the Australian pork industry. Truss said that, as well as boosting domestic and export demand for fresh Australian pork, one of the best ways of addressing market pressures was to build on the improved competitiveness brought about with the aid of the Australian government's A$24 million Pork Industry Assistance Package.

The Queensland Pork Producers group has welcomed the EU's decision to lift its export subsidies on uncooked pigmeat. But the group's president, Paul Taylor, says relief will be short-lived for farmers who have been doing it tough for several years. He says the industry's main concern is battling record levels of subsidised pigmeat coming into Australia.

In the Philippines, Veterinary experts and hog raisers assured the public Wednesday that pigs from the Southern Mindanao area were free from the dreaded foot-and-mouth disease, says This follows a national television report that FMD-infected hogs found in Tondo, Manila, originated in Southern Mindanao.

In Malaysia, prices of live hogs have been raised by Ringgit 30 per 100 kg, after another round of discussions between the Federation of Livestock Farmers' Associations of Malaysia and immediate live hog buyers. Malaysian farmers, already facing escalating production costs due to the soaring prices of feed ingredients, will have difficulty to sustain their businesses if ex-farm prices of live hog continue to remain low, reports e-feedlink.

In Japan, pigs found to be suffering from Classical Swine Fever virus of vaccine origin are to be destroyed, reports the OIE. On receiving notification from the abattoir of six hyposthenic pigs rejected at post-mortem examination, the prefectural Livestock Hygiene Service Centre inspected the farm from which the weak pigs had been shipped on 17 March 2004. Pigs on the farm were sampled and tested.

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* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 new features this week

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Swine Production Systems
By Claude Laguë, P.Eng., Ph.D., University of Saskatchewan / Prairie Swine Centre Inc. Sask Pork Chair in Environmental Engineering for the Pork Industry - There is a general agreement in the scientific community to the effect that the increased atmospheric concentrations of what is referred to as greenhouse gases (GHG) are mainly responsible for the global warming trend that the Earth has been experiencing since the beginning of the Industrial Age.

Development of Post-weaning Diarrhoea in Piglets. Relation to Presence of Escherichia coli Strains and Rotavirus
By Melin L, Mattsson S, Katouli M, Wallgren P - Karolinska Institute, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and the National Veterinary Institute, Sweden - This article published by Atlantic Swine looks at the effect of E.coli on the development of Post-weaning Diarrhoea in Piglets. Weaning of piglets complicated with an exposure to pathogenic strains of E. coli was scrutinized in two sets.

Feed Milling Education Initiative
By Dr. John T. Brake, North Carolina State University - Animal agriculture contributes more than 55 percent of the total annual agricultural income in North Carolina. The basis for all of animal agriculture is a dynamic feed milling industry, which provides the nutrients essential for animal growth and reproduction.

U.S.D.A Quarterly Pigs and Hogs Report: March 2004
This quarter's quarterly Hogs and Pigs report from the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. The article provides the report text and graphs, and helps explain what it all means. Link also to the full PDF report.

* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)
Extracted from
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Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Factors resulting in increased return rates more than 23 days post mating

This weeks tip aims to help identify what corrective action may be required for return rates more than 23 days post mating.

To read this weeks tip, Click Here

NEXT WEEK'S TIP: The mummified pig

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* Finally...

Converting Swine Manure to Oil: U of I Makes the Process Faster, Easier
Swine manure might just be the surprising key to reducing crude oil imports and creating a new industry in the United States.

Swine manure is being converted to crude oil at the University of Illinois using a thermochemical conversion (TCC) process. But researchers have refined this existing process to make it more efficient and faster. The economic impact of such technology could be dramatic.

"If 50 percent of swine farms adopted this technology, we could see a $1.5 billion reduction in crude oil imports every year," said Yuanhui Zhang, U of I agricultural engineer. "And swine producers could see a 10-percent increase in their income--about $10 to $15 per hog."

In addition, Zhang said, the environmental benefits of this research are numerous. Minerals are preserved in the after treatment stream, odor is reduced and the oxygen demand of manure is reduced by 70 percent.

TCC is a chemical process that reforms organic compounds in a heated and pressurized enclosure to produce oil and gas. The process that Zhang has developed uses swine manure as the organic material and coverts it to crude oil using a small-scale batch TCC reactor developed by Zhang's research team.

With the batch reactor, researchers achieved an average of 70-percent conversion from swine manure volatile solids to oil. At that conversion efficiency, the manure excreted by one pig during the production cycle could produce up to 21 gallons of crude oil. What's more, a swine farm producing 10,000 market hogs per year could produce 5,000 barrels of crude oil per year.

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That's all for this week.


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