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Newsletter 25th October 2004's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 25th October 2004
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

For those who may have missed it, our Swine Bibliography is now available online. This provides summaries of articles that have been published in the technical journals over the recent period. The functionality of the Swine Bibliography section, which is provided in association with Merial, will improve significantly over the next week or so when we launch our news search function for the site.

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in the US, where the recent announcement by the US Department of Commerce to place preliminary anti-dumping duties on imports of live hogs from Canada could divide the industry, reports High Plains Journal.
     Ron Plain, a swine specialist for the University of Missouri, said many people don't like the duties. "It is divisive because there are both winners and losers on this side of the border," he said. "Feeder pig finishers lose because it gets more expensive for them to buy their supply to do business, and the other losers are packers but U.S. hog producers don't spend much time worrying about them."

In their weekly review of the US hog industry, Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain report that they still do not know what impact the countervailing duty will have on the number of live hogs imported from Canada, but expect that Canadian packers will buy the hogs on the spot market at about the amount of the tariff level below U.S. They are concerned the duties may lead to more hogs being finished and processed in Canada, leading to a reduction in capacity within the US.

Tom Samp and his company Unique Swine System, worries that the anti-dumping case could drive up the cost of Canadian pigs and hurt independent farms, reports Des Moine Register. Unique Swine System acts as a broker, helping hog farmers procure 3-week-old pigs from Manitoba and arranging for packers that will pledge to slaughter them later.

Sask Pork projects the US antidumping duty will push prices down in Canada but that lower production costs will cushion the impact. Sask Pork Industry and Policy Analyst Brad Marceniuk says, while the duty will push Canadian prices to the edge of profitability, an expected abundance of feed is expected to lower production costs.

On the prices front, slaughter for the last two weeks has moved back to about 2% above a year earlier, says Plain and Grimes.
     Even with the larger slaughter this week hog prices have held steady and this Friday's prices were up compared to last Friday. However, "the odds are high that prices for hogs will be under pressure again next week."

Citing bans on U.S. beef abroad and abnormally high hog prices at home, two brokers downgraded the stock of Tyson and Smithfield Foods last Thursday. Although Tyson has enjoyed strong demand for beef, pork and chicken, it's red meat unit has faced an increasingly difficult environment, due in part to the continued ban on US beef in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan on fears of BSE, and also due to the 14% tariff on Canadian hogs, reports MeatingPlace.

Two University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension odor management workshops will help pork producers further understand the off-farm impact of odor, alternatives for controlling odor and applicable alternatives for their farms. The one-day workshops will use planning tools to assist individual producers in assessing farm odor potential and identifying residences that are likely to be impacted by odors.

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In Canada, the University of Saskatchewan says the availability of crops for livestock feed will be good this year giving swine producers a lot of flexibility when formulating rations. The impact of a cold wet summer on grain and oilseed production was compounded by an August 20th frost that hit southeastern Saskatchewan and southwestern Manitoba.

In the UK, supermarkets are determined to hold down the price of British pigs in the run up to Christmas, says the NPA. They say if the market were allowed to find its natural level, prices would rise 10p overnight. Working on insider information, it alleges that to prevent this happening, retailers are continuing to import fresh pork even though there is no price benefit.
    The result is that pigs are being rolled at a time of year when they should be in demand. DAPP currently stands at 99p compared with 105p this time last year (when continental pork was 12p a kilo cheaper). Traffic Lights sees no solution but a concerted publicity campaign and direct action.

”We can help you add profit to your bottom line” was the message from the UK’s Red Meat Industry Forum to the Association of Independent Meat Suppliers Conference. Delegates were told that the RMIF had already helped processors halve product movement around the plant, increase labour productivity by 25 percent with 33 percent fewer operators and had halved the time for changeovers on a product packing line.

Darius Campbell at Defra, recently briefed the National Pig Association on Defra's work to produce a strategy that will reduce red-tape on farms. "The NPA is encouraged by the recent more positive interest by government to understand producers' concerns," says Mrs Petersson. "Our discussions with officials, especially on the transport proposals, have illustrated how a good understanding by government officials of the UK pig industry has enabled producers to meet legislative requirements, yet still allow the industry to compete."

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* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 new features this week:

The economic benefit of a disinfection programme in the control of a salmonella outbreak
By DuPont Animal Health Solutions - This paper outlines the economic benefits of controlling a clinical Salmonella outbreak and shows a cost:benefit ratio of 1:11.

Production and Marketing Characteristics of U.S. Pork Producers - 2003
By Christian Boessen, Extension Associate, Dept. of Agr. Economics, University of Missouri, John D. Lawrence, Associate Professor, Dept. of Economics, Iowa State University and Glenn Grimes, Professor Emeritus, Dept. of Agr. Economics, University of Missouri. This report highlights the results of the most recent survey conducted as part of research by the University of Missouri and Iowa State University into the structure of the U.S. pork industry.

Needle-Free Immunization as Effective as Needle and Syringe Method
By Dr. Phil Willson, Ph.D., Program Manager, Vaccine Development, Vaccine & Infectious Disease Organization. Published by Manitoba Pork Council - This study indicates that immunization by needle-free injection with the needle-free delivery system results in immunity comparable to that provided by conventional intra-muscular injection and may offer improved protection from clinical disease.

Dust Mask Use in Swine Barns Reduce Health Effects
By James A. Dosman, Ambikaipakan Senthilselvan, Shelley P. Kirychuk, Stéphane Lemay, Ernest M. Barber, Philip Wilson, Yvon Cormier, Charles Rhodes, Tom S. Hurst, Denise Bono and published by the Prairie Swine Center - The objective of this study was to evaluate health effects related to wearing a disposable mask in a swine confinement unit.

* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)
Extracted from
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Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Mating Procedures

This weeks tip gives the key points to successful supervised natural matings - Part 2 of 2.

This weeks tip: MATING PROCEDURES (part 2)

NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Mating Procedures - Additional points to successful outdoor mating

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* Finally...

Managing waste plastics from farms

    Farming bodies, suppliers, the waste management and recycling industries, the Environment Agency and Government joined forces last week to consider how to achieve the sustainable management of plastic waste from farms.
     In a conference organised by the Agricultural Waste Stakeholders' Forum at Regents College Conference Centre in London (14 October) a wide range of participants were brought together to consider an action plan for a nationwide farm plastics collection and recovery scheme.
     The conference comes in advance of new legislation that will bring agricultural waste under environmental control in line with other business sectors. The findings of the conference will be used to inform Defra's consultation on the new Regulations which are expected soon.
     Chairman of the Forum, Sue Ellis of Defra said: "Today's conference worked well in establishing a collaborative approach to help farmers and those producing and supplying farm plastics to minimise and to encourage the recovery of waste."
     Farms produce more than 80,000 tonnes of waste plastic a year. It includes plastic packaging, such as fertiliser bags, animal feed bags and agrochemical containers, as well as non-packaging plastics, like silage films, crop covers and tunnel films.
     Burning waste plastics - either in the open or in a drum incinerator - is the current disposal option for most farmers. Open burning pollutes the environment and poses health risks to farmers, farm workers and local communities and will therefore be banned on the introduction of the new Regulations. The use of drum incinerators to burn plastics will be phased out. Farmers will also have to stop using their existing dumps before the Regulations come into force - unless they obtain a landfill permit which will be an uneconomic option. Surveys confirm that most farmers would participate in a nationwide plastics recovery programme.
     Commenting after the conference Steve Lee, Chief Executive Officer of the Charted Institute of Waste Management said: "Its an important waste stream, with over 120,000 tonnes of high value plastics which we would rather see recycled and recovered rather than disposed of in landfill sites. There are several successful small local schemes and we would be delighted to see them working nationwide. However, we need a mandatory national scheme with full statutory backing."

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That's all for this week.


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