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Newsletter 15th November 2004's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 15th November 2004
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Canada where the Canadian Pork Council says the trade action that resulted in US import duties on live Canadian hogs is straining relations in other areas.
     CPC President Clare Schlegel says the two industries face a lot of common issues and threats but it's difficult to maintain trust amid false accusations of illegal subsidization.
Relevant link: Payment of Antidumping duties - Fact sheet

In their weekly review of the US hog industry, Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain say that hog producers received good news with USDA's increase in the size of the corn and soybean crop for 2004.
     The estimated size of the 2004 corn crop was up 1.627 billion bushels from the 2003 crop. The 2004 average yield per acre is an almost unbelievable 160.2 bushels. The resulting lower feed prices will reduce the feed cost of raising hogs by about $2.50 per cwt for the coming year compared to a year earlier.

The USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has announced that it will recognize additional numbering systems for the identification of animals. The systems will apply to interstate commerce and cooperative disease control and eradication programs for animals. Additionally, APHIS will authorize the use of a national numbering system to identify premises where animals are managed or held.

The defeat of US Senate Minority Leader Tom Daschle gives the food industry hope that a voluntary country-of-origin labeling program may replace the mandatory program currently slated for implementation, according to Senator Daschle strongly opposed voluntary COOL.

In Pennsylvania, agriculture is facing increasing pressure from foreign competition and domestic demands, the Chamber of Commerce said Thursday. "We’ve all heard really awful things about concentrated feed operations" said Amanda Kessler. "But what is great about this is how committed to the environment they are." There may be a place for responsible CFO operations if we want to have cheap, affordable protein.

US pork producers say they're prepared to fight for full access to Australian markets, regardless of the outcome of a court case being heard in Sydney. The case involves Australian Pork Limited taking action against Biosecurity Australia, for recommending that more imports of pig meat be allowed in, including shipments from the US.

In Australia, lamb and pig slaughter rates are continuing to fall while beef production is increasing, new figures show. The Australian Bureau of Statistics latest quarterly livestock report that the total pig slaughter fell 1.7 per cent to 1.3 million for the quarter, which led to pork production falling 1.9 per cent to 97,400 tonnes.

In Holland, Belgium and Germany, more than 200 dairy and livestock farms have been temporarily closed, following the discovery of dioxin contamination in some of the feed given to the animals.
     Further investigations found the source of contamination to be potato peelings supplied by a processing plant in Holland. In addition it has restricted animal movements from another 196 pig, cattle, sheep and goat farms which were found to have fed the contaminated peel.

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The size of the UK pig herd has fallen by almost 40% over the past 25 years, but there are signs that pig numbers are edging back up. The Meat and Livestock Commission has forecast a 3% increase in finished pig slaughterings next year if the slowly improving productivity of the National herd is maintained.
     Although European pig meat prices are riding high, the mainland average of 94p/kg compares well with the GB Euro Deadweight Adjusted Pig Price (DAPP) for supplies in the week commencing Nov 8 of 100.3p/kg. The British Pig Executive's Barriers to Investment survey suggests that over 30% of producers are losing money or just breaking even at these levels.

Great Britain Food imports have risen by almost 25% since the early 1990s, according to figures published by a government department this week, FWi report. The Office of National Statistics has published data which show that between 1992 and 2002, imports of food rose by 24.6% to £19.1bn. At the same time exports fell by 10.1%, which means that the net trade balance for food products increased from a deficit of £4.7bn in 1992 to a deficit of £9.8bn in 2002.
     Pork imports this year are significantly higher than for the same period in 2003. A spokesman for the Commercial Farmers Group, agreed that while some imports were goods that could not be grown or produced in the UK, many were not. "Over a 10-year period we have lost a huge percentage of our pig industry to Eastern European producers," he said.

James Paice, shadow secretary of state for agriculture, is supporting a campaign against pork imports produced with welfare standards lower than those in force in the UK, reports the NPA. Along with a large number of other MPs, Mr Paice signed a House of Commons Early Day Motion calling on the government to push for clear and unambiguous country of origin labelling on pork products.
     The MPs are watching progress of the nationwide PorkWatch initiative, the bi-monthly survey of supermarkets to identify which retailers are performing best and worst in stocking pork, bacon and ham produced to minimum UK standards.

In Northern Ireland, the relationship between pig breeder and third party rearer/finisher could spell long-term disaster for the British pig industry, says Nick MacIvor, of A M Warkup. "In the arrangement, there appears to be little or no incentive to invest in up-to-date accommodation. However, the bed-and-breakfast payment at its current level reflects the fact that the pig to be finished performs to a less-than-adequate level by our competitors' standards."

The current Aujeszky's Disease eradication programme in Northern Ireland is too complicated and is not offering local producers a meaningful way forward, according to Ulster Farmers' Union pigs committee secretary Aileen Smyth.
     She says the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development must introduce an effective testing and eradication programme immediately, or trade will be affected, as Britain is free of the disease and the Republic of Ireland is working towards being Aujeszky's-free.

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* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 3 new features this week:

Payment of Antidumping duties - Fact sheet
By the NPPC - This article offers US and Canadian pork producers questions and answers on the current situation concerning payment of antidumping duties.

Evaluation of different soy protein concentrate sources on growth performance of weanling pigs
By N.A. Lenehan, R.D. Goodband, M.D. Tokach, S.S. Dritz, J.L. Nelssen, M.R. Barker, N.Z. Frantz, C.N. Groesbeck, T. Iwasawa, T.P. Keegan, and K.R. Lawrence, published in Kansas State University's Swine Day 2003. In this article, three experiments were conducted using 486 weanling pigs to determine the effects of different soy protein concentrate (SPC) sources on growth performance.

World Pork Trade Overview - October 2004
By USDA Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides an overview of global pork trade predictions for 2003. The report covers the US, Brazil, Canada, EU, Hong Kong, Japan, Mexico and Russia. The report concludes that rising global demand is fueling growth in pork production and trade.

* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)
Extracted from
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Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject:Artificial Insemination

This weeks tip looks at insemination procedures.

This weeks tip: Artificial Insemination Procedures

NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Maintaining longevity in the breeding female

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* Finally...

Swine fever may have caused Papua New Guinea pig deaths

    Authorities believe a viral disease may have caused the deaths of up to 3,000 pigs in Papua New Guinea.
     The Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service suspects classical swine fever could be to blame, but tests have been inconclusive.
     Surveillance work has been hampered by a lack of testing facilities, and PNG's remote and rugged geography.
     AQIS vet Dr John Curran says it shows the need to work with our Asian neighbours to improve reporting of exotic animal diseases.
     "It's frustrating that there was a four-month time frame, in one instance, before one of the councilors in the village wrote a letter about the large number of pigs that had died in their village. "It's just all too late.
     "And we need to work to try and develop some sort of better communication system with the PNG quarantine and agricultural officials over there.
     "Things like going back to maybe trying to improve their HF radio systems, and getting some more extension material out about the importance of disease reporting."

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That's all for this week.


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