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Newsletter 7th February 2005's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 7th February 2005
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PROGRESSIS - inactivated PRRS vaccine
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

In the US, an Iowa based veterinarian says US antidumping duties on Canadian weanling pigs are threatening the future of the small producers in his area who specialize in finishing.
     Dr. Samp says, if it weren't for exceptionally high slaughter prices, these independent producers would be losing money as a result of the duties and it will be very difficult to source clean weanlings in the US that have the genetics the packers want. The US Commerce Department plans to set final duties next month. These are preliminary set at 14%.

The booming industry of turning farm commodities into fuel for automobiles is offering some economic and nutritional benefits to U.S. livestock herds, according experts from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
     Dr. Duane Reese, an Extension Swine Specialist says there are two key benefits that American pork producers can reap from the byproducts of the Ethanol industry such as distiller’s dried grains with soluble.
     Reese highlights a reduced cost diet with good performance as one benefits and says "Growing finishing pigs and sows will have the same reproductive performance and at least as good daily gain on feed efficiency."

Pork product prices were generally lower this Friday morning than a week earlier, says Glen Grimes and Ron Plain in their weekly review of the US hog industry. Packers were able to push live prices lower as they attempted to improve margins.
     Sow slaughter for the week ending January 22 was up 3% when adjusted for herd size. However for the 4 weeks ending January 22 sow slaughter was down 2.8% and gilt slaughter was also down for the 4 weeks ending January 22.

Triumph Foods' new packing plant will not significantly change the price of pigs in the Midwest, a Kansas State University economist has said. Most of the hogs slaughtered at the new plant, now under construction in St. Joseph, will come from Iowa, Minnesota and Illinois, according to Kevin Dhuyvetter.
     Mr. Dhuyvetter, along with two other K-State economists, looked at how transportation and slaughter costs would affect the economics of pork packing once Triumph opens. The plant will be able to process 8,000 pigs a day and is set to open this fall.

In Canada, the Head of the University of Plymouth's Food, Nutrition and Health Research Group is encouraging swine producers to consider increasing the bulk density of diets fed to gestating sows as a way of improving behavior, reports Farmscape.
     Professor Peter Brooks says we've only become aware of the huge effect food has on behavior in the last 20 years, since we've started putting sows in stalls and feeding them limited amounts of food. He suggests producers need to consider feed requirements as opposed to just nutrient requirements.

In the UK, to get ahead of the IPPC regulations, pig producers should recruit the help of industry specialists says Air Spectrum Environmental (a sister company of incinerator manufacturer Air Spectrum Waste). As part of their IPPC application, pig producers will be required to submit an odour management plan. "We can offer the completion of this section as a service to farmers," says the company.

Ingelvac PRRS KV - for the control of PRRS in breeding sows and gilts
Ingelvac PRRS KV - for the control of PRRS in breeding sows and gilts.

The primary purpose of pregnancy testing of sows and gilts is to identify those animals that are not pregnant, reports JSR Genetics. Using ultrasound machines, the aim is to detect increasing blood flow through the uterine arteries indicated by the classic 'whooshing' or 'swirling' sound.
     However, many sows that are pregnancy tested with a positive result at five, or even eight, weeks subsequently fail to farrow, says Mark White, veterinary consultant to JSR Genetics. This can only mean that the original pregnancy test was wrong, the sow has aborted and this has not been observed, or that the litter has died and become mummified.
     So, if a herd has a problem with "not in pig" sows following positive tests it is wise to get the machinery serviced, he advises.

Latest income figures from DEFRA paint a bleak picture for most types of farming over the last year, but news on pig farming is mixed, says FWi. Pig farming incomes have declined by 18% for the March 2004 to Feb 2005 period compared to a year earlier, but are still better than they were in 2002 and net farm income from all enterprises shows a serious 31% drop.
     According to Meat and Livestock Commission statistics, the average Deadweight Adjusted Pig Price (formerly the Average All Pigs Price) for 2004 was 102.7p/kg. This compares with 103p/kg in 2003 and a much lower 93.4p/kg in 2002. Feed costs in 2004 contributed 58% of the total cost of production, other variable costs 13.4% and fixed costs 28.6%.

In Australia, a Productivity Commission report which said there was no need for the government to put more money into the pigmeat industry has drawn a caustic submission from producers. The commission's draft report, released in December, said the federal government did not need to pour more funds into the industry despite the financial problems of some farmers. But the Productivity Commission said such moves would not make major differences to the industry and warned that restricting imports would increase pigmeat prices for buyers.

The New Zealand pork industry is to benefit from A$82 million of research as a result of the New Zealand Pork Industry Board's participation in an Australian-led bid for research funding through the Australian Cooperative Research Centre.
     The Australian Federal Government recently announced it would provide a grant of A$25.75 million to a consortium of Australasian pork industry organisations and research providers which included the New Zealand Pork Industry Board, in a bid for Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) funding.

Russia plans to increase meat import quotas by not more than 2.5% a year, Deputy Agriculture Minister Sergei Mitin told Interfax. Russia and the United States compromised on this figure at recent talks on Russia's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Zurich. Its 'meat section' envisions that quotas for meat imports to Russia will not be increased by more than 2.5% a year over the next several years. The increase for pork will be very insignificant," Mitin said.

Suvaxyn - Pig vaccines you can trust
Suvaxyn - Pig vaccines you can trust

Russia’s Federal Service for Veterinary and Phitosanitary Inspection has imposed restrictions on imports of pork from the Italian region of Ambruzzo, unless raw pork undergoes a special thermal treatment, reports
     "These restrictions also cover the imports of live swine and pig sperm from Ambruzzo, as cases of swine vesicular disease are spreading in Italy," they said. "This is one of the most dangerous animal diseases, and no cases of it have been registered in the Russian Federation over the past 30 years," the sources indicated.

In South Korea imports of pork rose sharply last year, while those of beef and chicken declined, the Korea Customs Service said Friday. Pork imports increased 80 percent year-on-year to US$352.61 million and wine imports 27 percent to US$57.97 million, the office said.
     The sharp increase in pork imports was attributed to people's aversion to beef and chicken product because of fears which swept the nation in the first half of last year over mad cow disease and avian flu.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 new features this week:

Canada Livestock and Products Semi-Annual 2005
By USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the pork industry data from the USDA FAS Livestock and Products Semi-Annual 2005 report for Canada. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have omitted from this article.

Hong Kong Livestock and Products Semi-Annual 2005
By USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the pork industry data from the USDA FAS Livestock and Products Semi-Annual 2005 report for Hong Kong. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have omitted from this article.

Seasonality, Capital Inflexibility, and the Industrialization of Animal Production
By Jutta Roosen, David A. Hennessy, and Thia C. Hennessy, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development Iowa State University - Among the prominent recognized features of the industrialization of animal production over the past half century are growth in the stock of inflexible, or usededicated, capital as an input in production and growth in productivity.

Confined Animal Facilities in California
Published by the California Senate Office of Research and prepared by Kip Wiley, Nick Vucinich, John Miller and Max Vanzi - Confined animal facilities, sometimes called factory farms, apply industrial production methods (concentrated production, large capitalization and mechanization – all housed in a factory-like facility) to the raising of animals for human consumption.

Ivomec - Better products mean better results
Ivomec - Better products mean better results

* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)
Extracted from
Buy this book
Click book for more details

Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Diseases and conditions affecting Reproduction - Viruses and bacteria.

This weeks tip looks at viruses and bacteria.

This weeks tip: Diseases and conditions affecting Reproduction - Viruses and bacteria

NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Diseases and conditions affecting Reproduction - Virus Infections Causing Infertility

* Finally...

Foot and Mouth Probe

    Investigations are still under way into invoices submitted by 57 contractors employed by the UK Government during the 2001 foot-and-mouth epidemic, a report has revealed.
     The Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs challenged bills totalling £700m submitted by 130 contractors after the outbreak.
     The department is complaining of irregularities including excessive charges for plant and labour, use of sub-standard materials and shredding of vital documents.
     Settlements have been reached with 73 contractors, with savings to Defra totalling £40m.
     But the remaining bills - together worth £260m - are still under investigation, with a number of contractors facing court action and Defra hopeful of clawing back a further £17m at least, according to the report by Whitehall spending watchdog the National Audit Office.
     The foot-and-mouth outbreak cost the UK a total of more than £3bn, and the Government came under fire for providing excessive compensation to farmers for the culling of six million animals.
     The European Commission last year rejected a Defra claim for £960m compensation for the cull, agreeing to pay only £350m because it believed that farmers had been given payouts worth two to three times the true value of their slaughtered livestock.
     Defra is currently considering the introduction of a levy to ensure that industry shoulders a proportion of the cost of any future animal disease epidemic.

AP - Your Source for swine production equipment
AP - Your Source for swine production equipment

That's all for this week.


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