Welcome to this weeks newsletter
We start this week in the US, where the Department of Commerce reaffirmed its October 2004 decision that Canadian producers are dumping live hogs in the United States. Commerce announced that provisional antidumping duties averaging 10.63 percent will be placed on imports of live hogs from Canada.
Jon Caspers, past president of the NPPC, expressed strong support for this decision. “Canadian hog producers unfairly benefit from huge subsidies that cause overproduction in Canada and allow Canadian producers to sell their hogs in the U.S. at artificially low prices,” he said.
The Washington legal firm representing Canadian swine producers in the US trade action says that their 'defence is strong' as the case moves into the final injury phase, reports Farmscape.
Daniel Porter, with Willkie, Farr and Gallagher said "We are cautiously optimistic that, in April when the International Trade Commission rules, they will make a negative injury determination and throw out the case and all the duties." The ITC is scheduled to render its final determination April 6th.
In their weekly review of the US hog industry, Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain say that their data continues to show hog producers are at least building the breeding herd at a slow rate.
The preliminary estimate is that the US breeding herd on March 1st was basically the same as a year earlier. Slaughter this week estimated at 1918 thousand head down 1.7% from a year earlier. Slaughter for the past three weeks is down about ½ of a percent from a year earlier.
States and tribes invested in the USDA's new national animal identification system (NAIS) are increasingly offering online premises registration to ease their participants’ first step toward getting involved.
With more than a dozen projects now underway in over 30 states, USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service has seen the numbers of producers interested in learning more and taking part in the NAIS rise dramatically.
Market analysts and economists predict second quarter US hog slaughter and cash prices to be near a year ago but the estimates range from slightly above to modestly below last year's figures.
Chuck Levitt, senior livestock analyst with Alaron Trading Corp. in Chicago, said slaughter-hog supplies from domestic production in February and so far in March have been larger than had been projected by the December hogs and pigs report, according to eFeedLink.
Pork, dairy, poultry and egg producers have until May 1 to decide whether to sign a consent agreement with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. After a series of court cases, the EPA announced in January that federal air quality laws would retroactively apply to certain livestock production facilities.
In Canada, the first Swine Breeding Management Workshop will be held in Edmonton, Alberta on May 3, 4, and 5, 2005. The workshop will provide specialized information on breeding management that is relevant and practical to owners and managers of production systems, breeding programs, as well as swine veterinarians and consultants.
The workshop is organized and managed by members of the University of Alberta's Swine Research and Technology Centre, Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, and the Alberta pork industry.
Suvaxyn - Pig vaccines you can trust
In the UK, nearly a third of smoked meats may not meet targets set by Brussels for incoming rules on the levels of potentially carcinogenic PAH compounds. From 1 April new rules set maximum levels for benzopyrene in fish and meat products will be 5 micrograms/kg, in oils and fats 2 micrograms and in children's foods 1 microgram/kg.
In 2003, smoked ham products were analysed without the dark top layer. When the top layer was removed, not totally surprising, “levels of benzopyrene dropped”.
Scotland’s livestock seem to have become much healthier in the past few months. Unfortunately, that has less to do with the Executive’s attempts to make animal health and welfare a priority and more to do with the introduction of the National Fallen Stock Scheme, reports The Scotsman.
However, several of the knackery operators which tendered for contracts with the national company and expected to be busy have reported that business is remarkably slow. So much so that it seems increasingly probable that thousands of dead sheep are still being buried on farms in the traditional way.
The Farmers Union of Wales has accused the National Fallen Stock Company of "a disgraceful breach of confidentiality", according to FWi. Susan Jones, executive officer of the union's Montgomeryshire branch, claims that when a member received written acknowledgement of his registration for the Fallen Stock Scheme, the envelope also contained a Devon farmer's banking details.
"This is just not good enough at a time when we are all being urged to take great care to prevent our personal and financial information falling into the hands of fraudsters" she said.
English pig producers are keen to compost fallen stock, as an environmentally-friendly alternative to incineration. Defra has agreed to have another look at the issue… "but we might have quite a job on our hands convincing them," says NPA chairman Stewart Houston.
Spot pigmeat prices for deliveries in the week commencing Mar 7 have continued to climb, report the FWi. Most GB spot baconers were selling at 109–112p/kg/deadweight, with lighter weights only worth a modest 2–4p/kg above this.
In contrast with lively spot quotes, the GB Euro Deadweight Adjusted Pig Price (DAPP) only moved slightly ahead to stand at 102.29p/kg. EU mainland prices have remained largely static on an average of 95p/kg, creating a vacuum between UK prices that threatens to suck in imports from the Continent.
In Holland, the Product Boards for Livestock, Meat and Eggs (PVE) has commissioned the Animal Health Service to launch three projects to monitor pigs’ health, reports the Dutch Meat Board. The PVE has allocated a budget of EUR 1,179,532 for these projects; “Monitoring pigs’ health in 2005”, “Monitoring the obligation to vaccinate against Aujeszky’s disease” and “Preventing neglect of farm animals”.
In the Netherlands the transportation of animal feed is governed by the regulations of the GMP+ quality control system. A decision has now been made to tighten up the checks made on vehicles, particularly as regards spot checks. The more rigorous requirements will be introduced on 1 July 2005 on a trial basis.
The trial will run for a year. If it is successful, the GMP+ transport scheme will be modified accordingly.
The first batch of mainland China's chilled pork is expected to enter Hong Kong by the end of March, and a well-established controlling mechanism is in place to ensure it is safe for consumption, Director of Food & Environmental Hygiene Gregory Leung says.
The department will scrutinise the facilities, operation, manufacturing process and the implementation of the hygienic monitoring mechanism of factories providing chilled pork to Hong Kong and their corresponding farms.
JSR Genetics, JSR Healthbred - Genetics you can trust
We have 4 new features this week:
UK Pig Market Update - March 2005
By the British Pig Executive - This BPEX report looks at the current market situation in the UK and reviews recent price trends and markets throughout Europe.
UK Pig Tech Talk: Workshop gives producers real food for thought
By the British Pig Executive - Liquid feeding has the potential to bring huge benefits but only 30 per cent of British pig producers are using it.
UK Pig USDA Annual Livestock Slaughter 2004
By the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) - Red meat production for the United States totaled 45.6 billion pounds in 2004, 2 percent below last year, reports the NASS in their annual summary of livestock slaughter in 2004.
UK Pig UK National Fallen Stock: Internet Survey Results - March 2005
Prepared by Andrew Knowles, BPEX Strategy Co-ordinator - The British Pig Executive, which represents pig industry levy payers including British pig producers, established an Internet based survey in December 2004 to assess attitudes towards the National Fallen Stock Scheme (NFSS) collection service.
Ingelvac PRRS KV - for the control of PRRS in breeding sows and gilts
|Click book for more details
Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Diseases that Directly Affect Reproductive Loss - Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus (BVD) and Border Disease (BD)
This weeks tip looks at Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus (BVD) and Border Disease (BD).
This weeks tip: Diseases that Directly Affect Reproductive Loss - Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus (BVD) and Border Disease (BD)
NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Diseases that Directly Affect Reproductive Loss - Brucellosis
Globetrotting pigs were farmers' friends
Pigs were domesticated in more parts of the world than previously thought, a new study says, shedding fresh light on the blossoming of human civilisation.
The international study, based on an analysis of pig and wild boar DNA and published today in the journal Science, says wild boars were domesticated at least seven times across Eurasia.
The researchers say that it was once believed that pigs, like sheep and cattle, came from Asian genetic stock and Neolithic farmers imported them into Europe.
That theory was based largely on archaeological evidence of decreasing tooth size and a predominance of young animals, indicating the pigs were being fed and bred rather than simply hunted and eaten.
But the latest study, led by Professor Alan Cooper, who was at the University of Oxford at the time of the research and is now at Australia's University of Adelaide, used genetic markers to find new centres of domestication in central Italy, India, Burma/Thailand and New Guinea.
"New genetic data reveal multiple centres of domestication across Eurasia and that European, rather than near eastern, wild boar are the principal source of modern European domestic pigs," the authors report.
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