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Newsletter 18th April 2005's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 18th April 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

This week we start in the US, where USDA Secretary Mike Johanns announced the availability of model food security plans and training that meat, poultry and egg processing plants can utilize to strengthen security measures and prevent potential acts of intentional contamination. The model food security plans are being issued in the form of guidance documents and are voluntary.

Continuing reductions in foodborne illnesses in the US announced by the CDC correspond to continuing reductions in pathogenic bacteria on meat and poultry products, according to the American Meat Institute Foundation.
     "We are gratified to see that foodborne illnesses continue to trend downward - the same way pathogenic bacteria on many meat and poultry products are trending downward," said AMIF President James H. Hodges.

Last week’s efforts by several activists, environmental and public health organizations to ban and recall livestock antibiotics are strongly opposed by U.S. pork producers , says the NPPC. These efforts would override a strict, science-based regulatory process currently in effect at the US Food and Drug Administration, they said.
Three weeks from today, a pig in Emery County will give birth to a new Utah industry. The proud sow, who in true farm tradition remains nameless, is expected to bear a litter of eight to 12 piglets destined to arrive on someone's table as Utah's first organically produced pig knuckles, link sausage and sliced bacon.

February pork exports in 2005 were up 20.5% from 12 months earlier, reports Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain in their weekly review of the US hog industry. The slaughter hog imports from Canada were down 21% for the first two months of the year but our pork exports to Canada were up 27.2% and pork imports from Canada were down 7.6% from the same period in 2004. Canada is either consuming domestically substantially more pork this year than last or their pork exports are showing good growth.

The NPPC says it's prepared to meet with officials of the Canadian swine industry in hopes of resolving trade problems between the two nations. Last week the US International Trade Commission ruled imported Canadian swine do not injure US producers, quashing import duties imposed in October.
     National Pork Producers Council Past President Jon Caspers says, despite the finding, a structure still exists that seems to place the industries on the two sides of the border in a different economic situation.

An Iowa State University economist says Canadian pigs will play a minimal role in the future of U.S. hog markets, despite last week’s ruling by the International Trade Commission (ITC), which overturns the duty charged on imported pigs.
     “Obviously with the duty being rescinded, I don’t think there will be any impact,” says Dr. John Lawrence, Extension Livestock Economist for ISU. “We’ll see the trends continue as they were. I think that’s increased farrowing in Canada, increased exports of live animals into the U.S. for finishing.”

Canada Pork International expects a new pork equivalency agreement between Canada and the EU to open the door to increased movement of Canadian pork into Europe, reports Farmscape. Since 1998 an agreement between Canada and the EU on sanitary measures to protect public and animal health in respect to live trade in animals and animal products, commonly referred to as the Vet Agreement, has been in place.

Vira-Matrix - Herd Health, Naturally.
Vira-Matrix - Herd Health, Naturally.

In the Netherlands, hygiene control in meat plants is at a very high level, since nearly all of them adhere to the principles of the Dutch IKB (Integrated Chain Control) quality assurance system, reports the Dutch Meat Board. This means that they operate in accordance with the standards in the codes of hygiene for the Dutch meat industry.

The Dutch Meat Board also reports that the average percentage of meat in pigs slaughtered in the Netherlands continued its upward trend in 2004. There are fewer and fewer animals with a low percentage of meat. As a result, the general trend in the Netherlands is towards greater uniformity. Dutch meat plants are therefore ideally placed to supply uniform consignments of pigmeat of excellent quality.

Dutch-sponsored researcher Thuy Huynh has discovered that pigs get stressed if they become too warm. They go and lie on the slatted floor, wallow in urine, eat less and grow less as well. Thuy Huynh discovered that a high temperature, especially in combination with a high relative humidity, results in a poor growth of the pigs.

A record number of pigs are currently being exported to Germany each week, according to FarmingLife. The Germans are prepared to pay a higher price because there is a premium for products that have been manufactured in Germany, albeit from imported pigs.
    Consequently, the Dutch slaughterhouses are still struggling to cover their costs at the current prices and margins are under tremendous pressure. Market watchers in the British Isles are looking towards the coming month and the onset of the BBQ season to lift demand for pork and bacon products.

Downward pressure on the UK pigmeat market has eased following news of more stable prices in the EU, reports FWi. European average prices have fallen from 97p/kg in mid-March to 90p for the week commencing 11 April.
     The GB Euro Deadweight Adjusted Pig Price (DAPP) has risen from 103.55p/kg to its latest quote of 105.83p/kg over the same period. But 12 months ago, the DAPP stood higher at 109.03p/kg, and the difference represents a loss to UK producers of almost £3/pig.
    For the most recent and up to date pig statistics, see also: UK/EU Pig Statistics - April 2005

The Forum of Private Business, which represents 25,000 UK small to medium sized firms, is taking its campaign to save small abattoirs to Brussels today, reports the NPA. It says the government's interpretation of European Commission regulations governing abattoirs is too stringent for small abattoirs to comply with economically.
     FPB's food spokesman Bob Salmon, who is leading the delegation of abattoir owners to Brussels, said he wanted the EC to give greater clarity and definition to the complex wording of its abattoir regulations. "Small abattoirs are in great peril because of the Food Standards Agency's inflexible interpretation of the EC's regulations,' he said.

Grampian Country Food Group is closing its Morayshire pork processing factory in Buckie to finance expansion elsewhere in Scotland. All activity at the factory, which turns out fresh pork from Scottish pigs, will cease as part of efforts to consolidate processing capacity. But in its biggest single investment north of the border, fresh pork processing volumes and sausage, bacon and pie production will be stepped up at the company’s Broxburn plant near Edinburgh.

Scottish pig farmers look likely to follow their beef and sheep counterparts towards devolution, reports TheScotsman. After consultation with Quality Meat Scotland it is believed that most of Scotland’s 350 registered pig farmers have left the national British Pig Executive (BPEX) in favour of a QMS affiliation.

EU farm ministers are being urged to tighten up their checks on live animal exports and comply fully with legislation designed to maintain proper welfare standards. President of the agriculture council, Fernand Boden, has written to his 24 fellow ministers, reminding them of their responsibilities with regard to granting export subsidies on cattle being shipped to Third countries. These include the need for an official veterinary check at the point of exit from the EU, another check where there is a change in the means of transport, and a final check at the place of unloading in the country of destination.

In Russia, the Government had approved a draft agreement between the Russian and the US authorities entitled On the Trade of Certain Sorts of Poultry, Beef and Pork, fixing the volume of meat import to Russia for the next four years. Russian poultry farmers have already labelled the document “a treachery of Russia’s interests”.

South Korea's pork imports totalled 19,395 tonnes for January, 18.3 percent higher than the previous month and 66.8 percent higher than January 2004, according to eFeedLink. Pork imports from the US increased 29.5 percent from December to 3,779 tonnes and imports from Canada were 3,574 tonnes, from Chile 2,600 tonnes, and from Denmark 1,990 tonnes.

Ingelvac PRRS KV - for the control of PRRS in breeding sows and gilts
Ingelvac PRRS KV - for the control of PRRS in breeding sows and gilts.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 new features this week:

An Overview ALPHAMUNE™ G
By Alpharma Animal Health - ALPHAMUNE™ G is a reliable and innovative feed supplement replacing anti-microbial growth promoters in modern production of growing animals like pigs and poultry.

UK/EU Pig Statistics - April 2005
This article provides an overview of the latest statistics relating to pigs in the UK and Europe and includes Slaughter figures, Carcase weights, Pigmeat production, trade and supplies and UK and EU Prices and value of pigs. Extracted from the quarterly pig bulletin published by Defra.

Pork Outlook Report - April 2005
By U.S.D.A., Economic Research Service - This article is an extract from the April 2005: Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook Report, highlighting Global Pork Industry data. The report indicates that commercial pork production is expected to be record-large this year at 20.8 billion pounds, with 51-52% live equivalent hog prices ranging between $48-50 per hundredweight (cwt).

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Swine Production Systems
By Claude Laguë P.Eng., Ph.D., University of Saskatchewan and published by the Prairie Swine Center - There is a general agreement in the scientific community to the effect that the increased atmospheric concentrations of what is referred to as greenhouse gases (GHG) are mainly responsible for the global warming trend that the Earth has been experiencing since the beginning of the Industrial Age.

MaxiVac Excell 3 - Swine Influenza Vaccine, H1N1 & H3N2, Killed Virus
MaxiVac Excell 3 - Swine Influenza Vaccine, H1N1 & H3N2, Killed Virus

* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)
Extracted from
Buy this book
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Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Diseases that Affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview

This weeks tip looks at Enteroviruses (SMEDI).

This weeks tip: Diseases that Directly Affect Reproductive Loss - Enteroviruses (SMEDI)

NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Diseases that Directly Affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview - Eperythrozoonosis (Epe)

* Finally...

Bird flu identified in Indonesian pigs

    Indonesian scientists have found the H5N1 bird flu virus in a pig. The strain has infected poultry across east Asia, and killed at least 51 people so far.
     Scientists fear pigs could act as a “mixing vessel” in which a human pandemic strain could evolve, because the animals can harbour both human and avian flu viruses.
     But while suspected, such hybridisation has never been proven. Furthermore, New Scientist has learned of preliminary results from scientists in the US that suggest pigs might not be able to transmit H5N1 flu to one another.
     Java was the worst-affected part of Indonesia during 2004’s H5N1 bird flu outbreak. But by slaughtering and vaccinating poultry, Indonesia stopped the outbreak in October - with no reported human cases. But in April 2005, bird flu struck poultry throughout Java once again, mainly in village-based “backyard” flocks.
     Indonesia offers free vaccination for such flocks. But vaccinated birds can still harbour and spread the virus unless they are strictly monitored for infection. Amin Soebandrio, a microbiologist and Indonesia’s assistant deputy minister for health sciences, told New Scientist that while larger farms do such monitoring, smallholders cannot.

AP - Your Source for swine production equipment
AP - Your Source for swine production equipment

That's all for this week.


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