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Newsletter 3rd May 2005's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Tuesday 3rd May 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

The latest Merial Swine Bibliography is now live, and contains recent information about PRRSV immunology.     Progress in that field may be expected from the basic research in the coming years since a particular funding effort has been made by the National Pork Board in the United States.

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in the US, where one of the lawyers that helped Canada overturn US antidumping duties on live swine says further trade actions are unlikely for at least one to two years, according to Farmscape. Earlier this week the US International Trade Commission released written reasons for its unanimous decision to end antidumping duties on imported live Canadian swine.
     Daniel Porter, with Willkie, Farr and Gallagher, says it's a strong decision that suggests it would be very difficult, if not impossible, for the US industry to mount a successful appeal.

In their weekly review of the US hog industry, Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain say their concern that the strong demand for pork through 2004 could not be maintained appears to be coming true for the first quarter of 2005.
     Based on preliminary data demand for pork at the consumer level was down 2.7% from a year earlier. Retail pork prices were up 5.1% for the period from 12 months earlier but pork consumption per capital was down 4.3% from 2004.

Illinois farmers enjoyed returns in 2004 that were significantly above the average for the last five years, according to a University of Illinois Extension study.     "Wages earned by farm operators were highest on hog farms followed by dairy, grain and beef farms," he said. "Returns to operator's labor and management averaged $185,569 on hog farms".

In Canada, Ontario’s pork industry is hopeful that the newly announced Good Government Bill will allow for more certainty in farm planning, environmental protection and sustainable growth, reports Ontario Pork.      “We are hopeful that this Bill will end the debate over the superseding nature of the Nutrient Management Act,” says Larry Skinner, Chairman of Ontario Pork.

In the EU, bird flu outbreaks and fierce competition from overseas rivals means Europe may see a fall in animal feed production this year. Feed production in Europe has been on the decline for the past 10 years. EU production of compound feed fell last year by 1.5% to 139.7 million tonnes from 2003.

Tumbling EU pigmeat values are threatening to undermine any further recovery in UK pig prices, after losing 12% over the past eight weeks. The cull sow market has been hit particularly hard and has lost a massive 30% in value over this period.
     Although the GB Euro Deadweight Adjusted Pig Price has remained almost static at 106.17p, cheaper EU imports are expected to undercut the domestic market as the summer approaches. UK spot bacon was traded for the week commencing April 25 between 107p and 110p, but sow values have crashed from 90p to 60–64p.

Stakeholders are to review the performance of the National Fallen Stock Company over the next two months, reports FWi. The aim of the review is to identify the causes of the problems farmers have experienced with the company's services in some areas and to find ways to overcome the difficulties.

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Following representations by the NPA it is looking increasingly likely the cross-compliance pig count requirement will be reasonably lightweight, although the exact details have yet to be confirmed. Inspectors will need to satisfy themselves - by looking at unit records - that the annual stock count is realistic, they say. Unit records could include chalked up figures in yards or on pens, or on a board in the office.

Consumers are likely to react badly to a new UK survey of processed meats, which found that trusted companies such as Bernard Matthews, Mattessons and Ye Olde Oak sell meat products that contain an estimated 10 to 20 per cent added water, writes
     One extreme example was a can of ham, found to be just 55% meat padded out with water, along with ‘pork protein’ (gelatine), salt, sugar and five additives.

In Australia, Queensland pig producers are warning up to a third of the industry could be threatened by an influx of cheap imports, made possible by Australia's free trade agreement with the United States, according to
     Elders says domestic pig prices have dropped by up to 40 cents a kilo to their lowest level in a year. Queensland Pork Producers' Paul Taylor says the volume of processed meat imported from America has increased 11-fold in the last six months, and that will ruin some Australian producers.

Australian scientists are developing new methods for detecting insect-borne livestock diseases soon after they enter northern Australia. CSIRO Livestock Industries' Dr David Boyle says the three-year project, funded by the Australian Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre, will provide training in the use of rapid detection techniques such as microarrays to identify and characterise viruses isolated as part of the National Arbovirus Monitoring Program (NAMP).

Thailand will place pork on its list of commodities subject to price controls next month in an attempt to prevent domestic stocks from leaving the country due to increasing prices, reports eFeedLink.
     The director-general of the Department of Internal Trade said over the last few weeks, prices have risen in part due to hotter weather conditions that can decrease growth rate, and also because of increased demand for pork in the country.

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* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 2 new features this week:

To Keep the Swine Healthy, Keep the Surroundings Clean
By The Food Safety Consortium - Looking for ways to keep marketbound swine as free of Salmonella as possible, researchers have come back to what most suspected in the first place: follow principles of sanitation on the farm, keep the transport vehicles clean, maintain sanitation in processing companies’ abattoirs, watch out for dirty water and handle the carcasses carefully.

Protein Deposition in Growing and Finishing Pigs
By Mark Lorschy, John Patience and Doug Gillis and published by the Prairie Swine Center - Commercial diets could be formulated more accurately if, first, we knew the rate at which the pig deposits protein and energy in the carcass and second, we linked energy and amino acid levels in the diet to requirements based on lean and lipid rates of gain.

Ingelvac PRRS KV - for the control of PRRS in breeding sows and gilts
Ingelvac PRRS KV - for the control of PRRS in breeding sows and gilts.

* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)
Extracted from
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Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Diseases that Affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview

This weeks tip looks at Erysipelas.

This weeks tip: Diseases that Directly Affect Reproductive Loss - Erysipelas

NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Diseases that Directly Affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview - Japanese B. Encephalitis (JBE)

* Finally...

Goose poop could be superbug soup, researchers caution

     They may be lovely to look at. But Canada geese are generally considered pests, walking feces factories that take over parks and ponds, leaving a slick of guano in their wake.
     A new study suggests the problem may be more than cosmetic. Canada geese can pick up and shed antibiotic-resistant pathogens, potentially making them an effective winged delivery network for so-called superbugs.
     Experts aren't ready to call out the troops. But they say the research, to be published in the June issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases, highlights a way of spreading antibiotic-resistant organisms that hasn't been previously studied.
     "If you have a multidrug-resistant salmonella being shed by a horse in Georgia, and a goose happens to eat in that pasture and then fly up to Kentucky or Ontario, then maybe you can get quick dissemination of these bugs," says Dr. Scott Weese, a veterinarian who specializes in antimicrobial resistance at the Ontario Veterinary College in Guelph.
     The non-migratory flocks -- from Georgia and North Carolina -- had habitats representing different types of land use: recreational (a park), agricultural and industrial.
     One of the North Carolina flocks had a disturbing habit of loitering by a swine waste lagoon. Pig farms, like other livestock-rearing operations, can use high levels of antibiotics to tamp down diseases.

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MaxiVac Excell 3 - Swine Influenza Vaccine, H1N1 & H3N2, Killed Virus

That's all for this week.


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