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Newsletter 20th June 2005's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 20th June 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in South-East Asia, where the race to estimate the likelihood of a global human pandemic of Avian Influenza took another twist Friday, reports the Guardian.
     A virologist from Hong Kong warned pigs could provide a launchpad, even if birds carrying the virus, which is causing havoc in Vietnam, Cambodia and Thailand, failed to do so.
     Malik Peiris warned a conference on animal-to-human diseases in Liverpool that disease could spiral if pigs - already carrying a virus linked directly to human flu - picked up a member of the avian flu family.

New challenges caused by diseases affecting the immune system of pigs have been addressed at meetings in China, Taiwan and the Philippines, in early June 2005, reports eFeedLink.
     The meetings focused on two major causes of reduced immunity in pigs: Postweaning Multisystemic Wasting Syndrome (PMWS) and mycotoxins.
     Dr François Madec, vice-director of one of the veterinary research laboratories of the French Agency for Food Safety, described the symptoms of PMWS that appear to be due to a virus (PCV2, porcine circovirus type 2) involved in the pathogenic process through an impact on the immune system.
See also: PMWS Technical Zone

In South Korea, the average wholesale price for swine carcasses peaked at 4,071 won/kg ($4/kg) last month, according to industry reports. Retail selling prices for pork products were between 17,900 and 19,800 won/kg. Reduced swine shipments due to disease and high demand during the picnic season caused the price peak, according to industry feedback.

In the US, cash hog prices showed substantial gain for the week, according to Glen Grimes and Ron Plain in their weekly report. The Friday morning live prices were $2.50 to $4.00 per cwt higher than a week earlier.
     Hog slaughter this week under Federal Inspection was estimated at 1917 thousand head - up 1.2 percent from a week earlier and the largest weekly slaughter of record for June. Even with this large slaughter, the carcass cutout value for Thursday afternoon was basically the same as the Friday June 10 value.

In his Swine Economics Report, Ron Plain this week discusses how pork exports are continuing their very rapid growth. Pork exports in April were a record 252.1 million pounds (carcass weight equivalent) breaking the old record set the month before and the six biggest months for U.S. pork exports have all occurred since September 2004.

The United States and Russia have formally signed a nearly 2-year-old meat trade agreement that could ease the way for Moscow to join the World Trade Organization, U.S. officials said last Wednesday. "This agreement will help provide stable access to a very important market for American poultry, beef and pork and a vehicle through which we can address some of the difficult market access issues that we face in Russia," U.S. Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns said in a statement.

In Canada, since the beginning of February, the Pool price has experienced significant price strength, even exceeding the Pool Plus price for twelve weeks and the Standard Contract average price for seven weeks, reports Bridgette Dyce, Sales Information Representative at Ontario Pork.
     Notably, in the period from February to early May, the Pool price has averaged $156.84, $6.94 higher than the average Pool price for the previous four months.

An award winning composting system designed to assist in the disposal of dead pigs is proving itself as a cost effective alternative to rendering, burning or burying livestock mortalities, according to Farmscape.
     The Biovator, which is now in its first year of commercial production, was developed by the Puratone Corporation to address the challenges posed by the disposal of deadstock. The unit, which consists of a rotating four foot diameter drum, mixes livestock mortalities with wood shavings while introducing oxygen.

PROGRESSIS - Inactivated PRRS Vaccine for Sows and Gilts.
PROGRESSIS - Inactivated PRRS Vaccine for Sows and Gilts

The recent decision of US health authorities to authorise the export of pig products directly from Spanish abattoirs to the US was a cause for relief among Spanish pig farmers.
     As a result of this decision, Spain can now export 'pata negra', a type of high-quality cured ham made from Iberian pigs, to the US, according to HooversNews. Nevertheless, experts within the sector believe that Spanish exporters will still face the same difficulties they faced as before the recent US decision.

Pig producers in England and Wales are to be urged to improve productivity, animal welfare and overall professionalism on their farms, according to the NPA. An implementation group is to be appointed to introduce the industry's new Professional Development Programme, chaired by Richard Longthorp.
     "Research indicates that focussed training can lead to a significant improvement in productivity and job satisfaction," he said. "Our industry cannot move forward until it offers its workforce good training and a career structure. This new programme will achieve both these aims."

Cost savings of as much as 5p per kg deadweight could be achieved by improving herd health and performance in the British pig industry, according to BPEX. And that is exactly what the British Pig Health Scheme is aiming to do when it is launched nationally on July 4. Nearly 1,000 packs have been sent out to producers who are members of the three assurance bodies covering more than 1,500 assured units.

AP - Your Source for swine production equipment
AP - Your Source for swine production equipment

In 2002 BPEX set up an informal group whereby pig industries throughout the EU could meet for one day and exchange cost-of-production and physical performance data. At the recent annual meeting of this group, which includes Danske Slagterier and equivalent research bodies and industry organisations in Netherlands, France, Germany, Spain, Hungary etc, it was agreed that the group should broaden out the information it exchanges from just physical and financial production data under the group heading of "InterPig".

In Ireland, IFA Pigs Committee Chairman Pat O’Keeffe has said pig producers are being forced out of production because of a sustained and co-ordinated resistance by pigmeat processors to allow Irish pig prices rise above their current uneconomic levels.”
     He was speaking following yet another refusal by the country’s two main pigmeat processors to increase prices this week in line with other EU countries.

In Australia, the federal government will take an appeal against a judge's ruling on the nation's quarantine system, following Justice Wilcox's finding earlier this month in which he strongly criticised quarantine agency Biosecurity Australia and an import risk analysis it compiled that cleared the way for pork imports from a range of countries.
     Justice Wilcox said quarantine authorities had ignored warnings that the imports would effectively guarantee the disease post weaning systematic wasting syndrome (PMWS) would gain a foothold in Australia.
See also: NFF fears retaliation over pig meat import permit ban

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 new features this week:

Increasing Slaughter Weights - Profit or Peril?
By Sandra Edwards, School of Agriculture, Food & Rural Development, University of Newcastle - To survive in an increasingly global market for pigmeat, all pig producers need to produce a desirable product at a competitive price. However, the recent BPEX report documenting the cost of production in different countries highlighted the challenges which UK producers face.

US Hog Market Situation and Outlook: A Research Summary, June 2005
By James Mintert, Sean Fox, Ted Schroeder, Brian Coffey and Luc Valentin, Department of Agricultural Economics, Kansas State University - Last year was an excellent year for U.S. hog producers, and 2005 will not be far behind, according to a report by Livestock Marketing Information Center State Extension Services in Cooperation With the USDA.

Dealing With Variability in the Finishing Barn
By J.F. Patience, H.W. Gonyou and R.T. Zijlstra, and published by the Prairie Swine Center - Variation is becoming an increasingly important topic of discussion in the pork industry. Differences in growth impact the time that is required to empty a pen, or a room, or a barn and still meet the needs of the packing industry for uniform carcasses.

US Pork Outlook Report - June 2005
By U.S.D.A., Economic Research Service - This article is an extract from the April 2005: Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook Report, highlighting Global Pork Industry data. May was the first month in 2005 when the live equivalent price of 51-52 percent lean hogs fell below year-earlier levels.

MaxiVac Excell 3 - Swine Influenza Vaccine, H1N1 & H3N2, Killed Virus
Don't let swine flu spook your herd!

* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)
Extracted from
Buy this book
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Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview

This weeks tip looks at Anaemia

This weeks tip: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - Anaemia

NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview - Cystitis and Pyelonephritis.

* Finally...

Global warming will influence tree choice, says Defra

     UK - Environment Minister Elliot Morley today urged all those planting or managing trees to take action now to cope with the unavoidable climate change impacts that the UK looks set to face in future decades.
     Average annual temperatures in the UK may increase by between 2 and 3.5 degrees Celsius by the 2080s with high summer temperatures becoming more frequent and winters milder but wetter.
     South East England summers could be as much as five degrees hotter and 50 per cent drier by the 2080s. Forest and woodland managers should look closely at the choice of species for new planting stock, mixed planting for extra resilience against climatic extremes and implement landscape scale planning of woodlands and estates.
     Mr Morley said the UK's trees and woodlands provided a huge variety of services, ranging from timber and bio-energy production, enhancing biodiversity and landscape and the provision of amenity and recreation as well as acting as a carbon sink.
     "For those working with trees, planning necessarily looks to long timescales, so it is now that we need to devote serious thought to protecting, enhancing and adapting our trees and woodlands for the climate of the future," he said.
     Mr Morley added there was already evidence in our parks and gardens that the climate had changed.
     "It is an increasing recognition of the seriousness of the potential impacts that has led the UK Government to bring climate change to the top of the G8 agenda during our Presidency year," he added.

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That's all for this week.


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