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Newsletter 25th July 2005's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 25th July 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Indonesia, where the government is to slaughter 200 pigs that have been infected by the H5N1 virus near where a 38-year-old father and his two daughters aged less than ten years died due to avian influenza.
     Indonesia’s agriculture minister Anton Apriyantono said that on Sunday the first eradication drive would take care of poultry and pigs within a radius of 3 km from where the three victims died in Banten province.
     In addition, poultry and other domestic animals within the radius of 20 km would be tested for the virus and vaccinated. “We can’t take any risks now. If there is an animal on a farm that has contracted the virus, we will cull all livestock on the farm,” he said.

With China’s meat industry growing in a booming economy, food safety is the major problem facing processors, reports MeatNews's Chris Harris from the China International Meat Industry Conference in Beijing.
     The meat industry in China accounts for more than 28 per cent of worldwide meat production, and it contributes 34 per cent of the country’s GDP. The meeting was told that China has a long road to run to ensure that its food-safety and animal-welfare practices meet and are accepted around the world.

Pig prices in China slid in most regions in the week ending July 21, according to eFeedLink's weekly China report.
     Prices in Shandong and Jiangsu provinces were generally stable, while Sichuan province registered marginal gains in recent days.

In the US, Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain report that the hot weather is reducing the rates of gain on hogs. For the first week since December of 2004 the average weights of barrows and gilts in Iowa and Missouri for the week ending July 17th were below a year earlier by 0.6 pounds.
     They suggest that now is not the time to build the breeding herd for the best interest of hog producers. If we can hold 50% of the live hog demand growth of late 2003 and 2004, we still expect hog prices in 2006 to be near break even with no major increase in feed prices, they say.
     That said, not evident in the USDA's June report are long-term production plans that may be underway, says Al Prosch. Some indications are that 150,000 or more sows are being planned for future placement, a 3 percent increase in the June breeding-herd numbers.

After rallying off the $64.00 price level, the August lean hog contact appears ready to test $64.00 again. If that price does not hold, we will see this market searching for the right price at still lower levels, says Wayne. D. Purcell in his weekly report.
     Purcell is encouraged by what he sees on the later contracts such as the December. After rallying more than $4.00 from the $52.00 level, this contract appears to be more nearly making a normal correction of the gains.

A Birmingham law firm has helped secure a $42.5 million settlement for 84 Arkansas hog farmers in a fraud lawsuit against Tyson Foods Inc. Attorneys maintain that Tyson committed fraud by failing to honor long-term commitments it made to the farmers, according to Birmingham News.
     Tyson Foods said operating losses at its live swine division prompted the company to announce a restructuring in 2002, which resulted in the discontinued relationships with about 130 contract growers.

Researchers have nearly concluded a five-year quest to find better ways to dispose of the manure generated by the state's 10 million hogs, reports While some questions remain, one conclusion has already been reached: Any new systems researchers are considering will cost more than the lagoon and spray fields now in use, they say.

MaxiVac Excell 3 - Don't let swine flu spook your herd!
Don't let swine flu spook your herd!

In Canada, the Chair of Manitoba Pork Council is confident a new on-farm animal welfare audit will answer consumer concerns about the care of livestock while helping avoid a proliferation of programs, according to Farmscape.
    The "Animal Care Assessment Tool" was developed along the same lines as Canadian Quality Assurance, Canada's national on farm food safety program for pork and it will be incorporated into that program.
     Manitoba Pork Council Chair Karl Kynoch, who sat on the committee that developed the tool, says the resource will allow farmers to document the sound practices they already use.

North Dakota Pork Producers is applauding word that western Canadian hog slaughtering capacity will be expanded and expressing the hope that US hogs will be able to make their way into Canada. Maple Leaf Foods is scheduled to begin the construction of a 110 million dollar hog slaughtering plant late next year in Saskatoon. North Dakota Pork Producers President Dawn Jarolimek says the announcement is good news for producers on both sides of the border and addresses some specific US concerns.

The European Commission last week authorised the UK to grant the agriculture sector a tax rebate of €687 million over a period of 10 years. The rebate on the climate change levy of 50% for horticulture and 80% for agriculture sectors covered by Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) agreements allows UK agriculture to accommodate higher energy prices caused by the levy while helping to meet the CO2 reduction targets for the UK and for Europe. In 2001, the UK introduced a climate change levy on the non-domestic use of energy in order to meet the Kyoto targets.

PIC 380 AI Boar - Bred for maximum throughput...and profits
PIC 380 AI Boar - Bred for maximum throughput...and profits

In Australia, a vaccine for pigs could help 50,000 people per year in poor countries killed by a parasite carried by the animal - trials suggest it is nearly 100% effective, according to New Scientist. The vaccine, developed by a team at the University of Melbourne, targets a tapeworm called Taenia solium. The adult form, caught from eating undercooked pork, grows only inside the human intestine, stealing nutrients from the host.
    This can be debilitating. But far worse is what can happen if people swallow any of the microscopic eggs shed in vast numbers in the faeces of those carrying the adult form. The eggs hatch in the intestine and the immature parasites, known as oncospheres, burrow through the gut wall.

A hunt is under way in New Zealand to advise the dozens of backyard pig-keepers they must comply with new regulations. Under new rules introduced last week, any food that contains waste meat must be treated before being fed to pigs by being heated to 100 degrees.
     People must not collect, trade or distribute food unless it has been treated. Pigs must also be barred access to animal carcases at all times. The new regulations are aimed at mitigating the risk of foot-and-mouth disease and to control the spread of swine vesicular disease and classical swine fever.

PROGRESSIS - Inactivated PRRS Vaccine for Sows and Gilts.
PROGRESSIS - Inactivated PRRS Vaccine for Sows and Gilts

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 new features this week:

Effect of on-farm storage temperature on stored semen quality
By Todd See, Swine Genetics Specialist at the NCSU Swine Extension - Researchers from the University of Guelph in Canada presented the results from an evaluation of on-farm semen storage on 28 farms in Ontario at the recent meetings of the American Association of Swine Veterinarians.

Maximizing Boar Productivity with Optimum Trace Mineral Supplementation
By Dr. Mark J. Estienne, Swine Research Physiologist and Dr. Allen F. Harper, Extension Animal Scientist-Swine, Virginia Tech Tidewater Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Virginia State University - Trace minerals include iron, zinc, copper, selenium, molybdenum, manganese, chromium, cobalt, and iodine. Of these, zinc, copper, and selenium are generally considered as being important in male reproductive function (Bedwal and Bahuguna, 1994). When compared to other species and even other classes of swine, research focusing on the trace mineral requirements of the breeding boar has been rather limited.

US Pork Outlook Report - July 2005
By U.S.D.A., Economic Research Service - This article is an extract from the July 2005: Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook Report, highlighting Global Pork Industry data.

Establishing A Feed Cost Range For Hog Operations
By the Chicago Board of Trade - Nothing ever changes when it comes to market risk - it will always be there. You don’t have to like it but you do need to manage it. Managing your feed cost price risk can enhance your firm’s bottom line and that’s a key goal for any hog operation.

JSR Genetics, JSR Healthbred - Genetics you can trust
JSR Genetics, JSR Healthbred - Genetics you can trust

* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)
Extracted from
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Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview

This weeks tip looks at Mycotoxicosis (Mycotoxins)- (1 of 7).

This weeks tip: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - Mycotoxicosis (Mycotoxins)- (1 of 7).

NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview - Aflatoxins (Mycotoxins)- (2 of 7)

* Finally...

Researchers produce tail-biting guide

Researchers in Denmark have developed a computer program that can link behavioural observations with statistics in an attempt to find the causes of tail biting in an individual herd.
     Preliminary results suggest that suspending ropes in pens reduces tail biting when it breaks out. A corresponding effect is seen when straw is given. The Danish National Committee for Pig Production has provided a checklist for producers.
  • Quick intervention in case of outbreaks of tail biting: Have steps been taken to eliminate tail biting quickly? Are tail-bitten pigs treated correctly?
  • Water supply: Are the nipple drinkers supplying the correct amount of water? Is there a sufficient number of drinkers in each pen?
  • Feed Does feed mixed on-farm segregate?: Is the colour of the manure in pens the same at both ends of the pipeline? Is the pigs’ behaviour the same at each delivery of finished feed or of premix for feed mixed on-farm?
  • Pen design: Is the pen designed correctly with a lying area, an activity area and a dunging area?
  • Stocking density and number of feeding points: Are the space requirements met, so that overcrowding is avoided? Are there enough feeding points compared with the number of pigs?
  • Transfer strategy and sorting: Is mixing of pigs between pens after transfer avoided?
  • Rooting and enrichment material: Do the pigs have permanent access to enrichment and rooting materials? Is the material placed correctly?
  • Potential equalisation: Are the electrical installations in the housing unit at the electric switchboard main-equalized and connected to an earth rod? Are the electric wirings in the housing unit equalised?
  • Regulation of temperature, climate and air quality: Does the housing temperature correspond to the age of the pigs and the design of the housing unit? Is the pigs’ lying behaviour normal? Does the air in the housing unit feel good? Does the ventilation system work satisfactorily? Are the pigs dunging where they are supposed to? Is the bedding dry? Are the slurry containers emptied?

That's all for this week.


Vira-Matrix - Herd Health, Naturally.
Vira-Matrix - Herd Health, Naturally.

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