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Newsletter 8th August 2005's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 8th August 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week with news that the Chinese have at last officially acknowledged the UK as being free of Classical Swine Fever (CSF) following the outbreak between August and December 2000, bringing the opening of their market for British pigs and pork products a step nearer.
     This move is the culmination of work by BPEX, Defra, and the British Embassy in Beijing and follows a number of BPEX trade missions organised by the China-Britain Business Council.
     The next steps are negotiations between Defra and the Chinese authorities on protocols and export health certificates for breeding pigs, genetics, pork and pork products, including offals.
See also:
Britain edges nearer to exporting pigmeat to China

Meanwhile, in China, 4 officials have been sacked for trying to cover up the trail of dead pigs early in the outbreak of a swine-borne disease that has killed 39 people in the southwest, Xinhua news agency said today.
     The officials, all from near Neijiang in Sichuan province, had fabricated reports and deceived inspectors and reporters tracing the spread of the Streptococcus suis bacteria, Xinhua said.

On August 6, two new infections of Streptococcus suis and one new death were reported in Sichuan province. The number of human infections has risen to 214 cases and the death toll has hit 39. According to China News Agency, Sichuan’s Health Department announced two new cases of Streptococcus suis. Pi county in Chengdu city and Pengzhou city each had one case diagnosed at a clinic.

The World Health Organization said last Friday that China should conduct more lab tests on the disease. Roy Wadia, a WHO spokesman in Beijing, said China had been giving the organization updates from Sichuan on the disease, but that more tests were needed to "eliminate other possible scenarios."
     "Doing tests of different sorts is something we would recommend ... in any outbreak situation, especially in one of this scale," Wadia said. The WHO has said that this is the biggest and deadliest outbreak of the disease in the region in recent years. No person-to-person infections have been reported.

Health experts in Guangdong have suggested conducting physical checkups on pig slaughters and transporters to find potential patients of the pig-borne epidemic. The experts said sick pigs should be collectively slaughtered and buried to avoid possible human infections.

In response to the Chinese outbreak, the Vietnamese government has ordered an immediate halt to import of pork and live pigs from countries in the region which are being ravaged by the fatal swine disease, reports Thanh Nien News.
     An emergency communication from the Prime Minister has instructed federal government agencies to work with provinces bordering the affected countries, including China, to crack down on smuggling of pork and pigs. Animal health and market management agencies have been ordered to tightly screen the trade of pig and pork.

The Philippines will be stricter in issuing meat import permits to curb abuses by unscrupulous traders, said the country's Agriculture Secretary.
     Meat importers will soon have to return any unused permits issued by the country's Department of Agriculture's National Meat Inspection Service and the Bureau of Animal Industry within a month, reports eFeedLink.

In their weekly review of the US hog industry, Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain say that the production of hogs in the US continues to concentrate both as to size of producers and number and by geography.
     From 1999 to 2004, there were 9 states that produced 0.5% or more of the U.S. production that increased their market share and 13 states with 0.5% or more of the U.S. production that lost market share.

JSR Genetics, JSR Healthbred - Genetics you can trust
JSR Genetics, JSR Healthbred - Genetics you can trust

A new breeding program, designed to get the best out of the animals, is the first major advance in classical breeding in 20 years, said William Muir, Purdue Department of Animal Sciences. By picking less aggressive individual animals from a broad range of families, the same breeding program can be used for hundreds of generations.
     The new program enables breeders to have optimal improvement in productivity while minimizing the health risks associated with inbreeding, he said.

In Canada, Sask Pork says, with the Mitchell's Gourmet Foods trucker quality assurance deadline fast looming, interest in the program continues to run strong. Introduced by the National Pork Board in 2002, Trucker Quality Assurance is a trucker training program designed to enhance the welfare of transported pigs, reports Farmscape.
     Producer Services Manager Harvey Wagner says, once people have a better understanding of the pig's behavior, it becomes much easier to work with the animals.

In the UK and EU, Antibiotic growth promoters will be banned from pig feed rations from next year, and producers are being warned to make management changes now.
     AGP’s have been included in UK pig diets on a routine basis for over 60 years. They can increase daily liveweight gains by up to 16% in growing pigs and reduce feed conversion rates by up to 5.5%.
     These improvements are due to the role of AGP’s in reducing digestive disorder and treating E Coli, Ilietic and Colitis. According to nutritionists the use of AGP’s can lead to savings in production costs of up to 10%, reports Peter Crichton on FWi.

PROGRESSIS - Inactivated PRRS Vaccine for Sows and Gilts.
PROGRESSIS - Inactivated PRRS Vaccine for Sows and Gilts

The Great British banger has reinvented itself as a fashionable food, served in the country's top restaurants with a market worth almost £500 million a year. And the culinary delight is being celebrated again this year with British Sausage Week, organised by the British Sausage Appreciation Society.

UK Pig prices have remained remarkably firm for late July, with pigs trading at virtually “stand on” levels in most regions. The Deadweight Average Pig Price is still holding up well at 106p/kg and the outlook for August is much better than normal.
     The main message from the market is that although pig numbers are tight in the EU they are even tighter in Britain and this is the prime factor that has kept the market at recent positive levels.

Most English pig producers have now joined the industry's abattoir health scheme and are starting to receive information on a range of health conditions. One of the reasons the scheme is proving such a success is the low cost of £100 for three years, which has been achieved with help from pharmaceutical companies.
     A few pig-keepers have questioned the relevance of the scheme for their batch finishing production systems. However vets are confident the results will prove batch finishers have as much to gain as everyone else from receiving carcase scoring results within a few hours of slaughter.

Vira-Matrix - Herd Health, Naturally.
Vira-Matrix - Herd Health, Naturally.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 new features this week:

Risk Factors Associated With Shoulder Ulcers
By Todd See - Researchers from the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University in Denmark described the risk factors associated with the development of shoulder ulcers in sows at the recent meeting of the American Association of Swine Veterinarians.

Cheap Food Policy: Fact or Rhetoric?
By Mississippi State University - James C. Miller and Keith H. Coble, Department of Agricultural Economics, Mississippi State University - This paper econometrically evaluates the impact of direct government payments to farmers from 1960-1999 on the proportion of disposable income consumers spend on food.

Feeding Program Management Tips
By Duane E. Reese Extension Swine Specialist University of Nebraska - Hog prices have recently begun to come back to earth and soybean meal price has increased about $60 per ton since February. These events signal it is time for producers to note that controlling feed costs is likely the most important management issue for the next 90 to 100 days.

Livestock Price Outlook - July 2005
By Chris Hurt, Extension Economist, Purdue University - In his latest Outlook report, Chris Hurt says that after pork production was up five percent in May and June, there was concern that expansion was well underway in the U.S. However, producers told USDA, as reported in the June Hogs and Pigs report, that was not the case.

PIC 380 AI Boar - Bred for maximum throughput...and profits
PIC 380 AI Boar - Bred for maximum throughput...and profits

* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)
Extracted from
Buy this book
Click book for more details

Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview

This weeks tip looks at Ergot Toxins (Mycotoxins)- (3 of 7).

This weeks tip: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - Ergot Toxins (Mycotoxins)- (3 of 7).

NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview Fumonisins - (Mycotoxins)- (4 of 7)

* Finally...

UI research finds many similarities between swine and human genomes

     Researchers at the University of Illinois have been comparing the genetics of pigs and humans and they find some striking similarities.
     The information they found comparing the two species' genomes -- or D-N-A maps -- eventually could give medical researchers information they need to develop treatments for clogged arteries, cancer or other human diseases. Researchers Lawrence Schook and Jonathan Beever have prepared a map that compares how human genes match up with pig genes much more closely than before.
     Beever says it shows at least 173 places on pig and human chromosomes where the genes match.
     Schook says the side-by-side comparison allows researchers to look at a genetic variation that contributes to a human disease, compare it to the same genetic sequence in the pig and use the information to test drugs or other treatments.
That's all for this week.


MaxiVac Excell 3 - Three Strikes against swine flu
Three Strikes against swine flu

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