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Newsletter 22nd August 2005's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 22nd August 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

This week we start in China where the authorities announced yesterday that the outbreak caused by the pig-borne bacterium Streptococcus suis in Sichuan Province is "effectively under control" as no new human cases of infection have been reported since August 4.
     By noon on Saturday, 204 cases had been reported in 195 villages in 12 cities of Southwest China's Sichuan, the Ministry of Health said in an evaluation report yesterday.
     Since the disease was found in humans about two months ago, the bacterium has killed 38 people. At the moment 20 patients are still in hospital, all are said to be in a stable condition. A total of 146 others have been released.
     Meanwhile, ABC reports the World Health Organisation as saying says it's never seen such a virulent strain of the pig-borne bacteria. An expert on the infection says he's concerned about China's ability to handle the outbreak and wants it to provide him with a strain of the bacteria so that it can be controlled more quickly. Apparently, China experienced a similar outbreak of the infection in 1998, which claimed 14 lives.
     Marcello Gottschalk, a world leader in Streptococcus suis research, said that he fears this disease may be more complicated than the authorities suspect, says The Standard. Gottschalk, a professor at the University of Montreal, leads the International Reference Laboratory for identifying Streptococcus suis. The symptoms exhibited by patients are different from anything else he has witnessed, he says.
     "What is happening in China is that you don't see meningitis, which is the typical symptom, instead you see toxic shock, bleeding under the skin and the incubation time is shorter," he said. Additionally, the mortality rate is significantly higher.

The spread of the pig-borne disease in Sichuan Province and the high death toll have thrown the spotlight on the widespread and indiscriminate use of antibiotics in Asia, giving the bacterium added resistance.
     "Streptococcus suis is not a very resistant bacterium - we can normally kill it by penicillin. But authorities have suggested using much stronger antibiotics... Maybe the bacterium has mutated to a more resistant strain," microbiology professor Li Mingyuan, of Sichuan University, said.

Nanshan Health authorities said 13 tons of pork they sealed last weekend did not have the deadly pig disease. The pork was returned to retailers Wednesday after it was certified not to be infected. Health authorities sealed the pork early morning Aug. 13, after 15 pigs bought from the same source earlier developed symptoms of the disease.

Transport companies are not allowed to carry live pigs and related products from China into Vietnam, said a government has official.
     Road inspection forces are to closely coordinate with relevant agencies to strengthen the monitoring of the transportation of pigs and related products to stop any smuggling from China into Vietnam.

Moving on to the US, Ron Plain this week discusses how US pork exports continue to expand at a rapid pace. "We are well on our way to the fourteenth consecutive year of record pork exports" he said. He alsao points out that more pork was exported from the US during the first half of 2005 than for any calendar year prior to 2001.

In their weekly reviewRon Plain and Glenn Grimes report that the Canadian hog herd was up 0.9% on July 1 according to Statistics Canada's latest inventory survey. Their breeding herd is up 0.8% compared to a year earlier. The Canadian numbers also report a slowdown in the productivity growth (pigs per sow per year) in the Canadian sow herd, they say.

JSR Genetics, JSR Healthbred - Genetics you can trust
JSR Genetics, JSR Healthbred - Genetics you can trust

The corporate hog-farm revolution that pushed Iowa and North Carolina to tops in the nation is poised to enter Kentucky in a big way says the Courier-Journal. And as has happened elsewhere, hog farming in Kentucky has triggered a tug of war between farmers, residents and government officials over economic renewal, smell and waste disposal.
     A Tennessee company, Tosh Farms, plans to open about 50 more barns in Western Kentucky, boosting the state hog population by nearly 38% over the next three years.

Right in line with the theme "Manure Handling for the 21st Century," new technology played a major role in last week's Manure Handling Expo at the Southern Research and Outreach Center, Minnesota. Some high-tech highlights included: Odor detection and metering, odor filtration and water separation.
     Larry Stowell, a regional sales manager for New Logic Research, Inc., said advancements have been made in water separation technology. "Over 80% of the water can be extracted, and it's clean enough to use as drinking water," he said.

Researchers at Duke University Medical Center have traced the biochemical pathway by which plants build a compound that compromises the quality of corn and soybeans as an animal feed. Their studies indicate that it is feasible to engineer such plants to significantly improve their quality as animal feeds -- a potentially important boon to the hog and poultry industries, said the researchers

In their joint report on North American hog production, Statistics Canada and NASS show that the inventory of all hogs and pigs for June 2005 in the U.S. and Canada was 75.8 million head, which was up 2 percent from June 2003, and up slightly from 2004. The breeding inventory, at 7.63 million head, was up 1 percent from both a year ago and from last quarter.

Ivomec - Better products mean better results
Ivomec - Better products mean better results

Starting next month in Canada, swine producers will be given the opportunity to examine the first draft of a proposed national swine traceability system. The system, which is being developed by the Canadian Pork Council's Hog Traceability Working Group, is based on a series of pilot studies that evaluated methods for recording animal movement as well as identifiers, such as tags and tattoos.

In the UK, a BBC ‘Real Story’ investigation was broadcast on 15th August, which looked into antibiotic resistance in the food chain. A laboratory carried out the testing for levels of antibiotic resistant bacteria found in chicken.
     Following the broadcast, the Health Protection Agency issues a news release stating it has been advising the BBC on the making of this programme for many months but felt it necessary to point out that the testing carried out for the BBC was similar to previous studies and did not highlight any new areas of concern, that were not being addressed.
See Also: Defra issues response to TV programme on antibiotics use on animals

Improvements in the British pig industry's fortunes this year - stable prices, better health status - mean that for the first time in over half a decade pig producers who want to retire are finding themselves in a position to do so, according to the NPA.
     This is good news for those who have worked several years longer than they originally planned, in order to repay debts accrued in the years 1998-2003. However it is likely to have a detrimental affect on national pig herd census figures and could show a decline in the pig population this year, when most observers would have expected to see a small increase.

A new market is being opened up in the Philippines with the shipment of £80,000 worth of genetically-advanced breeding stock from Yorkshire-based pig breeding company, ACMC.
     Two hundred and thirty pedigree Meidam boars and gilts are being used to establish a brand new 200-sow nucleus and multiplier unit, currently being set up by Wellisa Farms Ltd, on the tropical island of Bantayan, north of Cebu, in the south of the archipelago.

Vira-Matrix - Herd Health, Naturally.
Vira-Matrix - Herd Health, Naturally.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 5 new features this week:

Water Systems for Growing Swine
Abstracted from “Water Systems for Swine” by Mike Brumm, 2005 Pork Academy, Des Moines, Iowa and published by North Carolina State University - Water is the nutrient that swine require in largest quantity, but compared to the other nutrients supplied by feed, it is the most frequently misunderstood and mismanaged.

Preparing for the Antibiotic Growth Promoter Ban
By Stuart Lumb, Pig Industry Consultant - We’ve all heard about the problems the Danes have encountered with AGP removal and British producers might be concerned they face a similar fate. However, the Danes have not, until recently, had to contend with any of the crises that have hit our industry in recent years...

Maintaining Boar Productivity in Hot Weather
By Murray Tong, Ontario Pork - Pork producers and breeders need to ensure they keep boars cool during the hot summer months, according to a new University of Guelph study, that found that the high temperatures of summer lower boar semen quality, sometimes permanently.

The cost of rotational crossing
By ACMC - While evaluating this article, readers who breed their own replacements may think “well a breeding company would say that wouldn’t they”. If all the following points have had full consideration during the decision-making process then this is a valid comment.

U.S. Pork Outlook Report - August 2005
By U.S.D.A., Economic Research Service - This article is an extract from the August 2005: Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook Report, highlighting Global Pork Industry data.

PIC - Evolving with the pork chain
PIC - Evolving with the pork chain

* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)
Extracted from
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Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview

This weeks tip looks at Ochratoxin and Citrinin (Mycotoxins)- (5 of 7).

This weeks tip: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - Ochratoxin and Citrinin (Mycotoxins)- (5 of 7).

NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview Trichothecenes - (Mycotoxins)- (6 of 7)

* Finally...

U of I Creates Mini 'Sludge Boat' to Measure Lagoon Manure

     URBANA - The "sludge boat" is a far cry from the Love Boat, as it cuts a wake across a manure storage lagoon on the South Farms of the University of Illinois. But the sludge boat has the potential of making life a lot more pleasant for livestock farmers.
     U of I researchers have designed a small, remote-controlled boat that can sail across a waste treatment lagoon, measuring the amount of sludge in the lagoon along the way. The mini boat eliminates both the hazards and the hassles of measuring sludge the old-fashioned way--by sticking a pole into various spots of the lagoon.
     The fiberglass boat measures approximately 1-foot by 2-foot and uses a fish finder combined with GPS to determine the depth of the sludge and its location in the lagoon, said Matt Robert, a visiting research engineer with the department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering.
     Sludge is the nutrient-dense material that is left in a lagoon after bacteria have digested most of the organic concentration of the livestock waste, he said. New EPA regulations require livestock producers to know how much sludge is in their lagoon. Traditionally, producers have had to take a small boat and a long pole out on the lagoon, sticking the pole in at various spots, measuring the amount of sludge you find at each spot and mapping it all out as you go.
     "It's a lot of tedious work and it's dangerous, not to mention the fact that you're in a very unpleasant place," Robert said.
     So Robert and a student, Andrew Lenkaitis, decided to build their own boat after speaking with researchers at other universities who were working on similar projects.

That's all for this week.


MaxiVac Excell 3 - Three Strikes against swine flu
Three Strikes against swine flu

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