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Newsletter 5th September 2005's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 5th September 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

Belfast Queens University 11-13th September

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in the US, where Hurricane Katrina will cost U.S. farmers an estimated $2 billion in Gulf Coast crop and livestock losses and higher fuel bills throughout the farm sector, the American Farm Bureau said on Thursday.
     Another grower group, the National Farmers Union, urged the government to provide disaster aid for hurricane damage as well as Midwest states hit by drought and floods.
     Crop losses from the hurricane were still being assessed by federal and state experts, and farm-state lawmakers were wary of acting until a reliable tally was made, aides said.

In their weekly review of the US hog industry, Glen Grimes and Ron Plain report that sow slaughter continues to run below a year earlier. However, gilt slaughter for the past three weeks has been above a year earlier. The gilt and sow slaughter do not indicate building of the breeding herd at the current time.
     But the pair say information from reliable sources indicates that there are plans to increase the herd by 150 to 200 thousand within the next year or so. A 3% increase in the breeding herd and a 2.4% productive growth in both 2006 and 2007 is a formula for disaster.

National Pork Producers Council President Elect Joy Philippi last week commended the USDA's announcement supporting an industry-led, species-specific approach towards the development of a national animal identification system.
     "We commend Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns and USDA for today’s announcement,” said Philippi, a pork producer from Bruning, Neb. “We are encouraged by the Department’s approach towards private industry’s role in developing a national animal identification system.”

In Canada, Sask Pork reports most of the individuals who have taken its Trucker Quality Assurance course have been successful on their first attempt. The Trucker Quality Assurance Program was developed by the US based National Pork Board in parallel with its Pork Quality Assurance Program to enhance the welfare of transported pigs.
     Sask Pork began offering the program in April, following the announcement by Mitchell's Gourmet Foods that, effective September 30th, it would require all truckers delivering to its facilities to be certified under the program.

Brazil's foreign sales of beef, pork, and poultry are expected to reach around US$ 8 billion this year, as estimated by the Secretary of Agricultural Surveillance of the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Supply, Gabriel Alves Maciel.
     If this estimate is borne out, meat will take over first place from the soybean complex in Brazilian agribusiness exports.

Brazilian researchers have sequenced the genomes of two bacteria that cause significant damage to pig and poultry farming in Brazil and elsewhere. The researchers are now analysing the results in an attempt to identify bacterial proteins that could be used to develop vaccines and diagnostic kits against the bacteria.
     Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae causes pneumonia in pigs and costs the Brazilian pig-breeding industry US$200 million each year. Mycoplasma synoviae is a related bacterium that causes respiratory disease in chickens and turkeys.
     The researchers also identified the genetic sequence of a non-pathogenic strain of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in order to compare it to the pathogenic strain and determine which genes and proteins help the bacterium kill pigs.

The European Commission will step up its fight against foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) by providing €4.5 million to the FAO European Commission for the Control of FMD. An agreement between the EC and FAO was signed last week.
     The objective of the EC project is to prevent the entry of the FMD virus from infected areas outside Europe, with a focus on neighbouring countries such as Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and the Caucasus region.
     FMD does not harm humans but it is highly contagious among cattle, buffalo, sheep and pigs and can seriously reduce milk and meat production, FAO said. The latest FMD outbreak in the United Kingdom occurred in 2001 and caused €13 billion of damage.

Ivomec - Better products mean better results
Ivomec - Better products mean better results

In the EU, PRRS is not notifiable or subject to other harmonised disease control measures. However, several countries, which are free of the disease, apply safeguard measures to protect their herds. International agreements demand that such safeguard measures should be proportionate to the risk involved.
     The Commission have asked the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) to assess the risk of transmitting PRRS via fresh pig meat to naive pig populations, which may be exposed to the virus via illegal feeding of catering waste or by other contact with animal waste.

Rising EU pigmeat values should help to lift UK pig prices during the key autumn trading period, reports Peter Crichton on FWi. Although the GB Euro Deadweight Adjusted Pig Price eased marginally to 105.34p for pigs traded w/c August 29, spot quotes have remained firm. Despite a short trading week following the bank holiday, most spot buyers are under supplied with pigs and have maintained firm quotes in the 107–109p/kg range.
     Barbecue demand has improved with the return of better weather, helping to lift the prices for lighter weight pigs traded in the 110–116p/kg range. A rise in the value of the euro, which opened on Aug 30 at 68.3p, is keeping up the price of imports at a time when EU pig prices are rising.

In the UK, pig wasting disease (PMWS) is now largely under control thanks to major changes in the way in which UK pig producers are managing their breeding and rearing herds. But the industry still has to face up to other disease challenges. New EU legislation on salmonella is soon to be introduced.
     Domestic producers will have to demonstrate that the industry’s existing Zoonosis Action Plan at least meets legal requirements. According to BPEX - which manages the English ZAP scheme - pig units with high salmonella scores will risk the imposition of new legal measures.

Prolificacy vs Growth - Get both with PIC Dam lines
Prolifacy vs Growth - Get both with PIC Dam lines

Grants of more than £125,000 have been won by a range of companies seeking to improve the supply chain for British pork. There were 11 firms vying for money from the BPEX Supply Chain Grant Scheme and seven were successful.
     Marketing Director Richard Lowe said: "These grants have really proved their value with recipients from earlier applications making good progress. "The knock-on effects will bring benefits not only to the individual supply chains, but the whole industry."

Currently pig producers in Northern Ireland are paid according to the carcass weight of the pig and the depth of backfat at the P2 position along the loin, reports the NPA. The latter can account for a difference of at least 8p/kg/pig carcass; consequently it is important that this measurement accurately reflects the depth of backfat on a pig and hence its value to the producer.
     The Department of Agriculture and Rural Development and Pig Production Development Committee have funded a research program at the Agricultural Research Institute of Northern Ireland to investigate the use of the Ulster probe compared to other backfat probes on both live and slaughtered pigs.

Culled sow prices have increased throughout Ireland over the past number of days by a dramatic 28 Euros per head (£20) on the back of what can only be attributed to the entry of the North South Pig Company (NS Pigs) into the market.
     The wholly producer owned business started contract slaughtering sows at two plants in Co Galway last week. Farming Life reports that 300 sows were supplied by shareholders during week one, however, this figure could well rise to 800 once all of the company's supporting herdowners become fully aware of the opportunities now available to them.

Beijing has lifted restrictions on internal shipments of live pigs and other pork products from Ziyang and Neijiang, two cities in Sichuan Province that were the center of the recent 'pig disease' (Streptococcus suis) outbreak, as of August 30.
     "Beijing has lifted restrictions on the transportation of live pigs and other pork products from Sichuan since Tuesday," a senior official with the Sichuan Provincial Farming Bureau told Interfax Wednesday.

MaxiVac Excell 3 - Three Strikes against swine flu
Three Strikes against swine flu

In Namibia, the Directorate of Veterinary Services on Friday slapped a ban on the import of pork and pork products because of an outbreak of swine fever in the Eastern and Western Cape provinces of South Africa.
     Importers will still be permitted to import pork from outside South Africa if a non-manipulation permit is issued by a South African veterinary official certifying that the product has not been tampered with and its condition and quality have not been compromised.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 3 new features this week:

Canada Livestock and Products Annual 2005
By USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the pork industry data from the USDA FAS Livestock and Products Annual 2005 report for Canada. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have omitted from this article.

Finding the Enemy of the Enemy
By Murray Tong, Ontario Pork. The word "virus" conjures negative images for human and swine health. But some viruses are beneficial, and University of Guelph researchers want to use certain types to help destroy bacteria that are harmful to swine, such as E. coli.

Scientific Opinion on “The probability of transmission of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome virus (PRRSv) to naive pigs via fresh meat
By the European Food Safety Authority - The EFSA Journal (2005) 239, 1-85. The EU Commission requested the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) to assess the risk of transmitting PRRS via fresh pig meat to naive pig populations, which may be exposed to the virus via illegal feeding of catering waste or by other contact with animal waste.

JSR Genetics, JSR Healthbred - Genetics you can trust
JSR Genetics, JSR Healthbred - Genetics you can trust

* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)
Extracted from
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Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview

This weeks tip looks at Zearalenone (Mycotoxins)- (7 of 7).

This weeks tip: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - Zearalenone (Mycotoxins)- (7 of 7).

NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview - Porcine Enteropathy (PE) / Ileitis

* Finally...

Wild boar population in UK grows to 500

     UK - The wild boar population in the English countryside has grown to about 500. The main group of 200 feral wild boar is in the Kent and Sussex Weald, with about 300 more in Dorset, Gloucestershire and Herefordshire.
     The government said the animals escaped from captivity, which had implications for farming, woodland and parkland. Possible control methods include tracking, trapping or contraception. The government is now going to consult the public on how to manage them.
     The animals were previously extinct in the wild for 300 years. Biodiversity minister Jim Knight said: "Do we want to keep them rooting around in woodland and forest, being good for biodiversity as they look for acorns and beech nuts?
     "Or should we be controlling the population and getting it back as it was 30 years ago when they were extinct except in farms making nice wild boar sausages?"
     Wild boar can cause damage to crops, conservation sites, sports fields and gardens. They can cause road accidents and even attack people. There is also a risk they could transmit disease to livestock.
     "Given BSE and foot and mouth, it is an issue that some of agriculture is very worried about," said Mr Knight. "We know from Europe that wild boar can carry swine fever, foot and mouth and bovine TB."

That's all for this week.


Vira-Matrix - Herd Health, Naturally.
Vira-Matrix - Herd Health, Naturally.

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