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Newsletter 12th September 2005

thePigSite.com's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter thePigSite.com's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 12th September 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in South Africa, where Swine fever has hit East London, officials based at the newly established Joint Operations Centre for the disease have announced. The Department of Agriculture's veterinary official Dr Ivan Lwanga-Iga said test results of blood samples taken from pigs in Phumlani informal settlement near East London Airport have confirmed the presence of classic swine fever (CSF) in the area.
     "Phumlani village or Needs Camp has been declared a hotspot for CSF and teams from the satellite JOC in East London have been dispatched to take a complete census of all pigs in the area," said Lwanga-Iga.

Namibians should brace themselves for a shortage of pork products after the Government slapped a ban on imports from neighbouring South Africa. The move followed the outbreak of swine fever in the Western and Eastern Cape regions.
     A chief veterinary officer with the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Rural Development, Otto Huebschle, earlier said no permits would be issued for the importation of live pigs, pork and pork products originating from South Africa. Furthermore, permits issued before the ban were cancelled forthwith.

In Thailand, the Agriculture Ministry yesterday seized some 10,000 pigs in Prachuap Khiri Khan as they were given banned antibiotic feed to hasten their growth. After inspecting 400 farms with more than 200,000 pigs in the province, the ministry decided keep the 10,000 for 70 days and ban them from sale. The pigs came from eight farms which had been feeding them with prohibited substances, Agriculture Minister Khunying Sudarat Keyuraphan said yesterday.

In Taiwan, the Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) will phase out the practice of its sanitation teams collecting kitchen refuse as feed for hog farms beginning Jan. 1 next year, EPA Minister Chang Kuo-lung said.
     Chang said the decision was made at the request of the Council of Agriculture as a measure to prevent possible swine diseases from spreading. EPA statistics show that the nation's 25 counties and cities generate about 45,000 tonnes of kitchen refuse, of which 70% is fed to pigs and the remaining 30% becomes compost to be used as fertilizer.

In China, eFeedLink report that weaner prices remained generally weak in most regions in the week ending Sep 8. In Hunan, Hubei, Jiangsu and Sichuan provinces, weaner prices were marginally higher as live hog prices there have registered substantial gains in the previous week. Weaner prices were stable in Henan while prices in Shandong, Hebei, Guangdong and Guangxi provinces were marginally lower.
     In their live hog report, eFeedLink highlight that hog prices were generally stable to marginally higher in the week ending Sep 5. Hog prices in Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Guangxi and Guangdong provinces were generally stable, while prices edged higher in Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu and Sichuan provinces compared with the previous week.

The Canadian Pork Council has put efforts to gain government recognition of its on farm food safety program on hold as it fine tunes the management structure for the program, reports Farmscape. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency has finalized procedures for the second step of its review of Canada's on farm food safety programs and hopes to pilot the process beginning in late October.
     Eight national producer organizations, including the Canadian Pork Council, have completed step one of the recognition process and are conceivably ready to move forward.

In their weekly review of the US hog industry, Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain say that last week was not a good week for hog prices. Only Peoria had a hard enough drop for a market test both this Friday and 7 days earlier. Barrows and gilts at Peoria sold this Friday at a top of $42.00 per cwt - down $4.30 per cwt from last week. Negotiated carcass price weighted average for this Friday morning were $1.10 to $4.09 per cwt below a week earlier. The weighted average negotiated price by areas for this Friday morning were: western Cornbelt $64.55 per cwt, eastern Cornbelt $63.12 per cwt, Iowa-Minnesota $64.71 per cwt, nation $63.69 per cwt.

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At Sygen, One-off restructuring costs at its pig breeding division kept profits flat last year , though the underlying picture showed strong growth. Ignoring one-offs and goodwill, profits to in the year to June rose by 54% to £10.3m, compared with £6.7m, on sales up by 4% to £134.4m. Pre-tax profits were little changed at £6.2m (£6m) after one off costs of £3.3m in Europe.
     PIC, the pig breeding division, lifted operating profits by 42% helped by good sales in the US and a recovery in Europe in the second half of the year. For the current financial year, leading indicators for the US pig industry point to favourable market conditions, according to the company.

In the UK, fears that one of the country’s top 10 pigmeat processors would cease trading have been allayed. Bowes of Norfolk recently announced that it intended to continue as an independent family business following their recent strategic review.
     The loss of a plant the size of Bowes of Norfolk would have been a major blow to the whole pig production sector, and especially in the East Anglian pig production region. The Bowes family have underlined their close links with Tesco and have confirmed this valuable and competitive outlet will remain major players in the industry in the future.

Quantech Solutions and AGBU have signed a marketing agreement for the PIGBLUP genetic evaluation software for pigs. PIGBLUP is a powerful tool for pig breeders to use advanced statistical methods in selection of their breeding stock. Quantech Solutions have been a user of PIGBLUP since the late 90's and have implemented the software in Canada and the UK. PIGBLUP is a PC based genetic evaluation system for pigs with a Windows-based interface to enable easy and efficient operation.

Porcilis PRRS - The PRRS vaccine that pays off
Intervets Porcilis PRRS - The PRRS vaccine that pays off

Pigmeat price rises were kept in check last week by a combination of slightly better availability, cheaper Belgium imports and the bank holiday “short” week, FWi report. The Deadweight Adjusted Pig Price also eased slightly to 105.03p and some contract base prices were re-calculated at marginally lower levels as a result.
     Most spot bacon quotes were in the 106–108p/kg range with cutters worth a modest 3–5p/kg above this. Harvest worries have also caused some pig finishers to take their eye off the ball.

Outdoor Pig production can be more efficient than indoor pigs, according to new data from the British Pig Executive’s 2005 yearbook. Though it does not give the proportion of the UK herd now kept outdoors, the BPEX report includes data from breeding and rearing herds with comparisons between outdoor and indoor systems.
     Indoor breeding herds are still slightly ahead on piglet production, with 21.4 reared per sow per year compared with 20.1 outdoors.

In Denmark, the world-leading pork exporter has seen the number of pigs that die from illnesses increase by 25% over the past decade to about seven million animals a year. Of the 32 million pigs born in the Scandinavian country last year, 21.2 percent died, said Hans Aarestrup Pedersen, the head of a pork organization that represents about two thirds of Denmark's pig producers.
     "This is a number that seems dramatic at a time when farmers are making an effort, and have been making an effort for several years, to improve the wellbeing of their animals," he told AFP.

M.Hyo information center
M.Hyo information center

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 new features this week:

Semen Extension: A comparison of Methods
By W.E. Morgan Morrow, North Carolina State University - Optimizing procedures for handling semen is an important component of any boar-stud-management program. One procedure that has gained attention is the concept of “pre-extension”, whereby a small portion of extender is added to the collection before the full amount is added.

Effects of intermittent lighting on resting behavior by newly weaned piglets
By ST Millman, KC Sheppard, M Madden, A Valliant Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph - Piglets are challenged with a number of stressors during weaning, including environmental, social, and diet changes, and potential introduction to new pathogens. Combined effect of these changes can compromise welfare, immune status, and profitability of commercial operations due to the higher incidence of infections common with weaning.

Brazil Livestock and Products Annual - September 2005
By USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the pork industry data from the USDA FAS Livestock and Products Annual 2005 report for Brazil. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have omitted from this article.

Romania Livestock and Products Annual - September 2005
By USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the pork industry data from the USDA FAS Livestock and Products Annual 2005 report for Romania. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have omitted from this article.

Alphamune G - Shielding, Earning
Alphamune G - Shielding, Earning

* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)
Extracted from
Buy this book
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Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview

This weeks tip looks at Porcine Enteropathy (PE) / Ileitis.

This weeks tip: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - Porcine Enteropathy (PE) / Ileitis.

NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview - Prolapse of the Bladder.

* Finally...

China's Love Affair With Pork Undimmed

     BEIJING - It's dinnertime at the Northeast Black Earth Restaurant, and customers are smoking, drinking beer and tucking into sweet-and-sour pork chops, pork with mushrooms and the house specialty — braised pig face.
     If they are uneasy about a disease carried by pigs that has killed at least 38 people and sickened more than 200 in China's southwest, they show no sign of it.
     "What should we be worried about?" said a 50-year-old man who would give only his surname, Shi, as he crunched on a deep-fried chunk of pork.
     "We've always eaten only properly inspected meat," Shi said. "Pork is China's meat."
     China is such a voracious pork consumer — from dumplings in the north to roast suckling pig in the south and every steamed, fried or boiled variation in between — that a disease scare and official controls on meat shipments only dented sales nationwide.
     Most everyone went right on eating. The government, stung by criticism of its slow response to severe acute respiratory syndrome in 2003, reacted with unusual swiftness when word came of deaths in Sichuan province that were later blamed on the bacteria Streptococcus suis.
     Shipments of pork from the area were banned. Several officials were fired after failing to enforce the embargo.
     The outbreak was especially critical in China, a nation where "meat" is synonymous with pork.
     Pigs are a core element of Chinese culture — a cornerstone of farmers' livelihood, the Year of the Pig in the traditional horoscope and the comic character Zhu Bajie in the classic Chinese novel "Journey to the West."
     Chinese farmers raised more than 618 million pigs and produced 47 million tons of pork in 2004, according to the China Animal Husbandry Association.

V-Drinker - No More Height Adjustments
ARATO V-Drinker - No More Height Adjustments

Only 383,000 tons were exported, according to the U.S.

According to the Sichuan Poultry Association, market sales of pork dropped by between 20 percent and 40 percent in the province during the outbreak, while prices plunged by up to 10 percent as residents switched to fish and rabbit.

That's all for this week.

Ed.

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