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Newsletter 19th September 2005's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 19th September 2005
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* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

In this weeks China hog report, eFeedLink report that live hog prices were mixed in the week ending Sep 12. Hog prices in Hebei, Henan, Shandong, Guangxi and Guangdong provinces generally moved lower, while prices were generally stable in Hubei and Hunan provinces. Hog prices in Jiangsu and Sichuan provinces generally continued to edge higher from the previous week.
     Compared with the previous week, significant quantities of live hogs have been released into the domestic market during the past week. Although domestic pork consumption has risen, the overall average price of live hogs in China did not rise, instead weakening somewhat in recent days.

In their weekly review of the US hog industry, Glenn Grimes and Ron Plain say that it now looks like feed prices will be positive for the hog industry at least into the summer of 2006.
     Last week was a good week with hog prices for this time of the year. Live prices Friday morning were steady to $2 higher compared to a week earlier. The top live prices Friday morning at select markets were: Peoria $43.00 per cwt, St. Paul $46.00 per cwt, Sioux Falls $47.00 per cwt, and interior Missouri $46.00 per cwt.

In his agricultural US commodity market report, Wayne D. Purcell says that lean hogs were up $.10 in the Oct '05 at $65.15/cwt. December lean hogs were off $.525 at $62.15. Futures started higher in reaction to higher cash hog prices and posted contract highs in the April, June, August, and October contracts before profit taking developed.
     Selling was also prompted by talk that more hogs will be coming to market as supplies of market-ready hogs generally increase in the fall. Also, some packers are saying they may trim Saturday slaughter plans and this may have prompted some selling.

Swine producers in Canada and the US are looking to expand collaboration on environmental research in areas of common interest, reports Farmscape. This past week a delegation from the US-based National Pork Board’s (NPB) environment committee traveled to Saskatchewan for a three day tour of swine production, research and environmental facilities.
     The National Pork Board is the organization that administers the US pork check-off and it concentrates primarily on promotion, research and consumer information. Environment committee representatives from across the US had the opportunity to meet and discuss issues of mutual concern with fellow producers from Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario.

The Federal Government has admitted Australia's quarantine system could have been wrecked by a controversial court case involving pork imports. Agriculture Minister Peter McGauran says pork producers should give up their legal battle against potentially disease-affected pig meat imports after the Federal Court upheld the integrity of quarantine procedures.
     The court's full bench has saved the government from a potentially embarrassing overhaul of its quarantine system that could also have threatened trade relationships. The court upheld an appeal on Friday by the quarantine service against an initial court decision which blocked imports of pig meat from countries with an incurable pig disease not found in Australia.
See Also: Pig meat ban attempt fails

In the Netherlands, provisional export figures for 2005 published by the Product Boards for Livestock, Meat and Eggs (PVE) indicate that up until the end of August 2005 the Dutch pig sector exported more meat than during the same period in 2004. Companies in the Dutch meat industry are also becoming more and more internationally oriented.
     In 2005 exports of Dutch pigmeat increased to 536,000 tonnes corresponding to a 9% rise year on year. The growth is mainly due to the upturn in exports of shoulders to countries like Poland, Hungary and other accession EU countries, amounting to an overall rise from 13,000 to 27,000 tonnes. The second reason concerns the export of hams to Italy.

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Meat is an important source of the trace mineral zinc, which plays a vital role in growth, the immune system and brain function, according to the Dutch Meat Board. In the Netherlands consumers get almost one-third of their zinc requirements from meat, making it the main source of zinc in the Dutch diet.
     Zinc is primarily found in animal products such as meat, shellfish and dairy produce whereas a vegetarian diet contains a lot of phytate, which inhibits zinc absorption.

The German producer group ISN reportedly stated recently that the cooler weather had encouraged pigs back to normal growth rate. Cooler nights encourage ad lib pigs back to normal appetite, and this explains the rise in slaughterings in Germany since the middle of July (depressing prices), according to the NPA.

Northern Ireland's leading position in researching the link between PCV2 (Porcine CircoVirus 2) and the development of PMWS (Post-weaning Multisystemic Wasting Syndrome) is to be further enhanced in the New Year.
     "PMWS is an internationally-important pig disease," confirmed Gordon Allan, head of DARD's Veterinary Sciences Division. "It is multi-factorial in nature, however, the presence of PCV2 has been identified as being necessary to facilitate its development in all cases. The team at the VSD was the first to isolate the virus, replicate it and then to reproduce PMWS in pigs."

In the UK, the Society of Feed technologists and the HGCA have anounced they are to hold their 2006 Pig Performance Conference on the 3rd of November 2005 at the Windmill Village Hotel, Coventry. The conference brings together the strengths of the host organizations – technical expertise and independence. Delegates will receive authoritative updates and participate in lively debate on current topics of major importance to the pig industry.
     The programme looks at life after growth promoter withdrawal (from 1st January 2006), topical factors relating to nutrition and health and concludes with the impact of feeding to optimize carcase and meat quality.

Ivomec - Better products mean better results
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Potential extra costs for the British pig industry are likely to be averted provided final agreement is given by the EU over testing for Trichinella. The move comes after work by the British Pig Executive (BPEX), the Food Standards Agency and the National Pig Association.
     At present UK pigs are not tested because of the extremely low risk and a clause to this effect has been included in proposed EU regulations on testing. A case is now being put together for the UK to continue its current position as there is negligible risk in domestic pigs. An extensive testing system is in place for sows being exported and that has not shown a positive since 1979.

UK pig prices are being undercut by falling EU values, which fell over 4p/kg last week writes Peter Crichton on FWi. The tenth successive weekly fall in the GB Euro Deadweight Adjusted Pig Price brought it to 104.6p, compared with 106p in mid-summer.
     Better growth rates throughout the EU have increased supplies at a time when retail demand has remained weak. A further easing of the value of the euro, which opened at 67.3p on Sept 12, has also given imports a competitive edge.

European Commission regulations relating to carcass rebates may lead to changes to the existing system in the UK. Abattoirs currently apply hot weight rebates to fresh carcasses to take account of the moisture/weight loss as they cool over a 24 hour period.
     This regulation requires that carcasses weighed within 45 minutes of slaughter are reduced by 2% in weight. At the time this Brussels regulation was first introduced UK abattoirs obtained a derogation which included a fixed rebate system for finished pigs.

In Zimbabwe, the Pig Industry Board will soon unveil a study that will culminate in the formulation of a module for commercial pig production to increase earnings in the sector, an official has said. The PIB director, Dr Paul Ndiweni, said the organisation would soon be consulting relevant stakeholders to discuss and implement a module for the profit-making scheme.
     "It is the firm belief of the Pig Industry Board that for the agrarian reform programme to succeed and for the pig industry to grow, an improved programme for the training and development of new large-scale commercial pig producers is important," said Dr Ndiweni. He said the commercial pig producers needed to be monitored and assisted for some time following training and supported to grow their herd.

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* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 6 new features this week:

The Challenges of Delivering and Explaining Pig Welfare
By John Deen, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota - Pig welfare has two distinct challenges. The first is, of course, using the capabilities and resources that we have, and using them in a cogent and responsible manner when we care for the pigs. This aspect of pig production is integral to the regular decision-making that goes on in all aspects of pork production, whether it be veterinary care, marketing, nutrition and the day to day decisions of stock persons.

The Effect of Light Type on Gilt Performance
By Jennifer Hannesson, Pork Technology Transfer Specialist, Alberta Government. In Canada, swine barns are mostly intensive confinement facilities, which rely on artificial lighting. The majority of energy for lighting is consumed by breeding/farrowing barns, which use up to 10 to 16 hours of light per day (MB Hydro, 1999).

Chile Livestock and Products Annual - September 2005
By USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the pork industry data from the USDA FAS Livestock and Products Annual 2005 report for Chile. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have omitted from this article.

China Livestock and Products Annual - September 2005
By USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the pork industry data from the USDA FAS Livestock and Products Annual 2005 report for China. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have omitted from this article.

Mexico Livestock and Products Annual - September 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the pork industry data from the USDA FAS Livestock and Products Annual 2005 report for Mexico. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

Russian Livestock and Products Annual - September 2005
By USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the pork industry data from the USDA FAS Livestock and Products Annual 2005 report for Russia. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have omitted from this article.

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* This Weeks Practical Tip (link to weekly tips page)
Extracted from
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Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview

This weeks tip looks at Prolapse of the Bladder.

This weeks tip: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - Prolapse of the Bladder.

NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview - Prolapse of the Rectum.

* Finally...

EU ministers face up to the challenge of climate change for agriculture

     UK - Sustainable agriculture and land use can play a significant role in addressing climate change and still provide the economic and social benefits rural areas need, Margaret Beckett said last week.
     Mrs Beckett was speaking at the first combined meeting of the EU Agriculture and Environment Councils, which discussed the relationship between climate change and agriculture.
     Mrs Beckett, who chaired the meeting, said: "Climate change is the most serious and longterm challenge we face and agriculture is the second largest source of UK greenhouse gases, seven percent of the UK's emissions. The UK government is determined to keep action to tackle climate change high on the international agenda. This is why we have made climate change a key priority for our presidencies of both the G8 and the EU this year.
     "Land managers control some 42 percent of the land area of the EU and their role is vital as we strive for sustainability. Climate change will create new challenges for land managers but may also bring opportunities for the creation of new rural enterprises
     "Farmers can help to address the drastic impacts of climate change, for example through water management to reduce the risks of flooding. The agricultural sector also needs to consider how it can contribute to reducing its own direct emissions of greenhouse gases, for instance through energy crop production and changing their management practices for fertiliser and manure application."

That's all for this week.


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