Welcome to this weeks newsletter
We start this week in Thailand, where senior government officials and international organizations will meet next week to map out regulations to separate pigs and poultry in separate production pens on local farms, in a bid to reduce the opportunity for bird flu virus to jump from species to species.
The move is also aimed to lessen the likelihood of an avian influenza epidemic in the country, Thai News Agency (TNA) reported. The Agriculture and Cooperatives Minister said that her ministry had planned to issue a new regulation concerning raising poultry with other animals next week.
China is pressing on with drafting and revising laws to safeguard the welfare of poultry and livestock and to ensure food security and public health as the bird flu problem has aroused the worldwide attention.
A new law on stock farming is being drafted and the existing law on animal epidemic prevention is being revised, said Assistant Minister of Commerce, Huang Hai, last Thursday.
Some European experts asserted that bird flu was connected with the improper breeding of birds and poultry.
"The swine streptococosis endemic, a pig-borne disease, which took place in southwest China's Sichuan Province this July was found to have direct links with the foul environment for raising pigs," Huang said.
China's piglet prices continued to hover at low levels in the week ending Nov 3 as inventories continue to build up due to weak demand, report eFeedLink in their report. Generally, profit from hog-raising has declined as prices continued to weaken.
Current hog prices are lower when compared with prices in the previous month and in the same period of the previous year. Piglet stock replenishment has continued to dwindle in most regions.
In this weeks hog report, eFeedLink report that prices of live hogs in China improved for the week ended Oct 31 although market undertone has remained weak. As supply has continued to exceed demand, hog prices are not expected to pick up significantly in the near term.
Hog prices in northern China's provinces of Henan and Hebei were higher while those in parts of Shandong province have risen slightly. In central China's provinces of Hunan and Hubei, live hog prices have edged up marginally, reversing the downtrend of the previous weeks.
In Canada, the Chair of the National Hog Identification and Traceability Working Committee reports that swine producers have been highly supportive of efforts create a national ID and traceability system for the livestock industry.
Round two of stakeholder consultations looking at a proposed national identification and traceability system for Canadian swine kicked off Tuesday in Saskatoon and traveled to Winnipeg Wednesday.
National Hog Identification and Traceability Working Committee Chair Dennis McKerracher says, while traceability will not prevent an animal disease from happening, it will provide a tool to react much quicker and minimize the impact of a foreign animal disease.
Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food's November market update shows North American live hog prices have been trending downward over the past couple of weeks, according to Farmscape. Provincial Livestock Market Economist Brad Marcenuk expects demand for pork, US slaughter numbers and the global meat trade to be key influencing factors over the next few months.
"While North American pork exports are up from 2004 both in Canada and US we've seen some reduced demand for pork in the US. The demand for pork in the US from January to September 2005 was down about 4.8 percent from 2004. Depending on where the demand for pork goes will influence partially where pork prices go here in the next few months.
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"US pork producers have scored significant victories in the agriculture appropriations bill that will allow them to focus on raising their hogs rather than on dealing with increased costs and more government regulations," said Don Buhl, president of the NPPC.
Lawmakers included an amendment that will delay until Sept. 30, 2008, implementation of a mandatory country-of-origin labeling law, they say. The statute was set to take effect Sept. 30, 2006.
The law, which would require meat products to be labeled with the source livestock’s place of birth and where it was raised and slaughtered, could increase farm-level pork production costs by more than $10 a head, according to Iowa State University economist Dermot Hayes and Steve Meyer, an economist with Paragon Economics Consulting.
A Nov. 10 USDA report is expected to include larger projections for year-ending stocks of both corn and soybeans, said a University of Illinois Extension marketing specialist. "While the U.S. average yield forecasts for both corn and soybeans were increased in September and October, another small increase in November would not be surprising," said Darrel Good, referring to the upcoming forecasts on the size of the 2005 U.S. corn and soybean crops and revised consumption forecasts for the 2005-06 marketing year.
"Reports of high yields in many areas of the Midwest persisted through the end of harvest. In addition, there is a strong historical tendency for larger yield forecasts in October to be followed by even larger forecasts in November."
The EU's offer to cut farm tariffs by as much as 60% falls short of expectations because the proposal allows exemptions that would block key exports said United States officials. "While in some ways it is a step in the right direction and we acknowledge the European Commission's efforts, much more needs to be done", said US Trade Representative Rob Portman.
Earlier in the day EU Trade Commissioner Peter Mandelson on making the proposal announcement said that "by any measure this is a very bold move indeed. It goes way beyond anything we've offered before", and "must unlock immediate progress" on other areas, such as services and industrial products.
In the face of fierce opposition from France, the 25-nation EU offered to trim agriculture tariffs by 35% to 60%, and implement a cap that would limit remaining duties to no more than 100% of the value of an import.
V-Drinker - No More Height Adjustments
In the UK, a top Japanese agricultural official has been on whistle-stop tour of England looking at agri-environmental issues. Director General of the Japanese Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Policy Research Institute, Takehiko Ito visited a Devon pig unit organised by the British Pig Executive (BPEX).
BPEX Strategy Co-ordinator Andrew Knowles said: "This was an extremely important visit as the Japanese market is one we worked hard to re-open and there is tremendous scope for exports."
As a result of the new agricultural waste regulations to be introduced early next year, 137,000 farms in England will have to find alternative ways of disposing of non-natural waste, according to the NPA.
At present much of the non-natural waste arising on farms is either buried or burned. When the new regulations come into affect this will be banned and farmers will face significant costs to comply with the rules through using off farm disposal and recovery options.
An excellent opportunity to invest in pigs is offered by the introduction of the Single Payment Scheme (SPS), believes Roger Smith, sales manager of Staffordshire-based ARM Buildings Ltd. "The pig industry has always been disadvantaged compared with most other sectors of agriculture and has had to stand on its own feet without subsidies," he says.
De-coupling payments from production means that farmers can now spend their single farm payment on whatever they feel offers the best return. As a previously-unsupported sector, the pig industry has a lot going for it, he maintains. Having already gone through cut-backs and restructuring, it is now closer to the market place and ready for expansion.
The Farmers Union of Wales has blasted the idea that farmers should be required to pay a disease levy. The idea was repeated in a report published recently by the Public Accounts Committee. The FUW said farmers should not have to pay a levy as the government was to blame for the 2001 foot-and-mouth epidemic.
“The simple fact is that it occurred because of inaction and lack of investment in stopping the importation of diseased meat,” said Gareth Vaughan, the union’s president. “The truth is that foot-and-mouth also spread so rapidly in 2001 because the government failed to act quickly enough to halt animal movements across the country.
JSR Genetics, JSR Healthbred - Genetics you can trust
In 1987 Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) was first observed in pig herds in the United States. In 1990 the first case of PRRS was reported in Europe. By the early 1990s PRRS become pandemic.
To this day the disease causes significant losses in the pig industry due to reproductive disorders and growth retardation.
Now, following an extensive update, Intervet are proud to present a completely new and more informative web site on Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) and their vaccine Porcilis PRRS: www.porcilis-prrs.com.
We have 6 new features this week:
By Derrick Coupland and presented at the 2005 Banff Pork Seminar - Brands can be defined loosely as the sum total of all impressions of your company. It is more than the products, packaging and advertising. These are key building blocks to be sure, but the brand consists of what these and other factors contribute to the overall feeling the customer has about your company and your products.
UK/EU Pig Statistics - October 2005
This article provides an overview of the latest statistics relating to pigs in the UK and Europe and includes Slaughter figures, Carcase weights, Pigmeat production, trade and supplies and UK and EU Prices and value of pigs. Extracted from the quarterly pig bulletin published by Defra.
UK/EU Pig Populations - October 2005
This article is extracted from Chapter 5. of the quarterly pig bulletin published by Defra and provides a brief overview of the latest statistics relating to pig populations in the UK and Europe.
Pork Central Hog Market Thoughts for November 2005
By Allen Prosch, Pork Central Coordinator, University of Nebraska - Hog prices have been under pressure lately. The fall supply increase, slightly aggravated by slower marketing in late summer, has burdened cash prices. Today’s (Friday, October 28, 2005) prices from the Pork Checkoff Marketline shows a mixed current situation.
UK Pig Disease Quarterly Surveillance Report (to June 2005)
By Veterinary Laboratories Agency - This report monitors trends in the major endemic pig diseases and utilises the farmfile and VIDA (Veterinary Investigation Disease Analysis) databases. The report is compiled using disease data gathered by the network of 15 VLA regional laboratories which carry out disease investigation in the field.
Feeding Small Grains to Swine
By Zebblin Sullivan, Animal Science, Iowa State University; Mark Honeyman, Professor, Department of Animal Science; Lance Gibson, Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy; Jean McGuire, Editor, Educational Materials and Marketing Services and Micki Nelson, Designer, Educational Materials and Marketing Services - Small grains, such as barley, oats, rye, triticale, and wheat can be useful feedstuffs in swine feeding programs. In many instances, pigs fed well-balanced small grain-based diets can perform as well as those fed corn-based diets.
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Topic: The Management of Infertility
Subject: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview
This weeks tip looks at Thin Sow Syndrome.
This weeks tip: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - Thin Sow Syndrome.
NEXT WEEK'S TIP: Diseases/Conditions that can indirectly affect Reproductive Loss - An Overview - Osteoporosis (OP) and Osteomalacia (OM).
Processed hams are a 'cocktail of water and additives'
UK - British shoppers are buying processed hams that are "a cocktail of water and additives", with one brand nearly more than a third water, watchdogs have warned. And when it comes to wafer thin ham, Bernard Matthews brand was one of the worst offenders with more than a quarter of it water, according to the report from the Consumers' Association.
Christmas hamper staple Ye Olde Oak ham comprised just 55 per cent meat and more than a third water, meaning almost half of each mouthful is not meat, but a mixture of water and additives, reports LifeStyleExtra. The company said it was "a matter of economy. The less meat there is, the less it costs. We want to serve consumers by offering different hams at different prices."
Wafer thin hams were also pretty watery. The worst example, Bernard Matthews wafer thin cooked ham, was more than a quarter added water. Marks and Spencer's Danish wafer thin ham contained 18 per cent added water, while budget offerings from the four largest supermarket chains Sainsbury, Asda, Tesco and Morrisons had 25%, 16%, 21% and 16% respectively. Waitrose's British wafer thin smoked ham was the exception, with less than one per cent added water.
By law, producers have to declare the amount of pork in packaged ham. They also have to label water as an ingredient if it constitutes more than five per cent of a cold meat product, but they do not have to say how much has been added.
That's all for this week.
Porcilis PRRS - The PRRS vaccine that pays off
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