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Newsletter 28th November 2005's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter's Weekly Swine Industry Newsletter
Monday 28th November 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

This week we start in the UK, where Sustainable Farming and Food Minister Lord Bach today launched Partners for Success, Defra's new Farm Regulation and Charging Strategy. The strategy commits the Government to improving the way it regulates and enforces regulation, in order to make it easier for farmers to comply.
     Partners for Success sets out ideas for simplifying rules and cutting red tape for farmers, notably through reduced form-filling. This is part of Defra's commitment to reduce administrative burdens on business by 25% by 2009, the release says.

The recent spell of cold weather should help to improve retail demand for pig meat, traders say. But colder weather can also reduce output by triggering a drop in pig growth rates and a rise in respiratory diseases.
     The latest GB Euro Deadweight Adjusted Pig Price reflected this firmer trend, rising to 101.63p for deliveries week commencing 21 November. With very few unsold pigs left in the system, UK pigmeat prices over the next few weeks are forecast to remain firm, providing retail demand does not dip.
     European prices have remained firm in the run up to Christmas with German, Dutch, Danish and French quotes moving ahead by up to 2%, according to FWi.

The ZAP programme to control salmonella in pigs will be tightened up in June next year, the British Pig Executive has announced.
     BPEX said there will be changes in the basis on which holdings are assigned to ZAP Levels 1, 2 and 3. Level 1 will now apply where less than 50% of sample tests are positive, ZAP level 2 for between 50% and 75%, and ZAP Level 3 75% and over. The last pig abattoir survey of salmonella levels was carried out in 1999/2000, and found 23% of samples were positive.

Pedigree pigs returned to the National Primestock Show in Staffordshire for the first time for many years last weekend. "Our live pigs display of traditional breeds, which included British Saddleback, Gloucestershire Old Spots, Middle White, Oxford Sandy and Black, Tamworth and Welsh pigs, attracted a large number of visitors," said British Pig Association chief executive Marcus Bates.
     “They were all very interested in the pigs themselves, as well as the special management qualities which lead to exceptional meat quality and flavour.”

Job losses on a massive scale and a decrease in self-sufficiency are the obvious consequences of the EU's recent proposals to the World Trade Organisation, meat traders claimed this week. Increased market access to the likes of Brazil and Australia was the greatest threat to the livestock and meat sector, according to the European Meat Platform - a lobby group representing various links in the meat chain.
     The danger was that, by lowering import tariffs by 60%, as trade commissioner Peter Mandelson has offered for the most protected products, the EU market will be swamped by cheap imports. "European farmers and meat producers cannot reduce their production costs as much as competitors abroad who do not have to meet all our high productions standards," said a spokesman.
     Mandelson's plan to slash tariffs on sensitive farm products such as beef and pork in return for a world trade deal on industrial goods and services is grossly irresponsible and will cost thousands of farming jobs in this country, says the National Pig Association. "We support the position taken by the agriculture ministers of France, Ireland and Italy who have objected to this clear disregard for agriculture.

In Ireland, the Minister for Agriculture and Food, Mary Coughlan TD, today announced her intention to introduce a Scheme to support the demonstration of new technologies to help the agriculture sector meet the requirements of the Nitrates Directive. The purpose of the Scheme, details of which are being finalised at present with a view to an early introduction, is to look at new and emerging technologies for the treatment of livestock manures, in particular from the pig and poultry sectors.
     Minister Coughlan said the Scheme envisages granting financial support for up to 10 projects throughout the country which would demonstrate the advantages of emerging technologies, in reducing the volume of livestock manures or their nutrient content.

Enterisol Ileitis - The oral vaccine against ileitis
Enterisol Ileitis - The oral vaccine against ileitis

Europe is working hard to introduce international quality programmes such as EurepGAP, reports the Dutch Meat Board. The Dutch meat industry already amply meets the requirements with the Dutch quality assurance system IKB. Europe has been working on international quality systems for years now.
     European countries are increasingly entering into cooperation agreements regarding national quality systems. The systems are compared and certified equivalent: either in their entirety of parts thereof. The Dutch quality assurance system IKB is a perfect candidate for this, making it easier for participants to supply products to foreign customers.

The EU Sixth Framework project on porcine circovirus disease (PCVD) initiated in December 2004 is now fully operational. The project is being delivered by a multidisciplinary consortium from academia and industry with a total of 15 partners from North America and the EU.
     The overall budget is in excess of 6 million euro of with an EU contribution to this project of 3.45 million euro. The project consortium has agreed a much-needed case definition of PMWS Now that this definition is in place detailed epidemiological studies can proceed within the consortium using agreed diagnostic criteria.

In Australia, pork producers have been moving to save their beleaguered local industry in the face of stiff competition from imports, high input costs and downward pressure on selling prices, Andrew Spencer, Australian Pork Ltd chief executive, said Wednesday.
     Other key challenges confronting the industry included a relatively strong Australian currency, which weighed on exports, and a need to better manage the impact of drought, which could sharply increase the price of feed grains, which accounted for about 50 percent of production costs, he said. "It's not a particularly pretty picture," Spencer told the company's annual conference.

Russia has today partly lifted a ban on the imports of beef and pork from Brazil, spokespeople at the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phitosanitary Inspection told Itar-Tass. The temporary ban was imposed in September after the Brazilians reported cases of foot-and-mouth disease in their country.
     After the partial lifting, Russian companies can import meat produced in the Brazilian states of Acre, Rondonia, Tocantins, Maranhao, Amapa, and Roraima.

PROGRESSIS - Inactivated PRRS Vaccine for Sows and Gilts.
PROGRESSIS - Inactivated PRRS Vaccine for Sows and Gilts

In the US, with international attention focused on the avian flu threat, other infections that could be transmitted from animals to people are also coming under scrutiny. People with work exposure to pigs, such as farmers, veterinarians and meat processing workers, are at heightened risk of contracting swine influenza, according to a study in the Jan. 1 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases.
     Pigs’ physical makeup allows them to contract - and to spread - influenza viruses to and from other species, such as humans and birds. Due to their susceptibility to influenza virus infections from other species, pigs can also serve as “mixing vessel hosts” that can produce new influenza virus strains that could pose a risk to human health, the report says.
     In Iowa, the state with the highest swine production, researchers examined farmers, veterinarians, meat processing workers and a control group of people who had no occupational contact with pigs. They discovered that, of the four groups, farmers were most likely to be seropositive - that is, to have antibodies in their blood against swine influenza, indicating previous infection with the virus.

Field peas make an excellent feed for swine says Hans Stein a South Dakota State University researcher, following 11 experiments he's conducted over the past five years.
     Though field peas historically have been used as human food, production has increased so much that they're increasingly being used in animal diets. Currently selling for about $3 a bushel, field peas can make an economical feed even for producers who don't grow them, Stein said.

Hog producers should make sure to cover all areas where swine buildings lose heat, and the building's shell is a good place to start, says Dan Meyer, Iowa State University. The attic should have 12 inches of insulation, which gives an R value of 42. This is the cheapest place to start with the best payback.
     Another area where up to 80 percent of the total heat loss leaves is through ventilation fans, Meyer said...

In Canada, scientists at the Prairie Swine Centre estimate swine producers can boost their profits by as much as 10% by simply cutting back on the wastage of water. Researchers at the Prairie Swine Centre in Saskatoon have developed a 12 point checklist to assist in economizing on water use.
     Information Services Manager Lee Whittington says, when it comes to water, key considerations include how much water the pigs actually need and how it is delivered, the quality of that water and economics which is where water conservation offers its greatest advantage. Whittington says water conservation not only benefits the environment, it can dramatically influence profitability.
See also: Pig Drinker reduces water wastage

China's piglet prices were largely influenced by hog price movements in the week ending Nov 24, report eFeedLink in their report. Hog prices in Hebei province continued to hover at low levels on the back of increased supply and fewer piglet purchases. Despite having lowered piglet prices, sellers were still finding it hard to attract buyers.
     In Henan province, piglet prices have fallen marginally during the week in review. Owners of bigger farms there have made fewer piglet replenishments as they do not expect hog prices there to pick up in the near term. Hog prices were largely stable in Shandong province.

PIC Sire Lines - Get more value out of the Pork Value Chain

In Thailand, pigs with good genetic make-up could be genetically reproduced an unlimited number of times as a result of success in developing a new method of artificial insemination - that involves freezing pig semen. Padej Thammarak, of Chula-longkorn University’s Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, who heads the project, said Thailand was the first country in Southeast Asia to successfully breed pigs using previously frozen semen.
     The project was a collaboration between Chulalongkorn and Mahidol universities. Padej said the technique was introduced to the world by developed countries such as the United States, Sweden and Australia just a few years ago. “This confirms that Thai scientists are not far behind world-class scientists,” he said.

Company news

Forty pigs born alive per sow per year - that's what one East Yorkshire farmer is currently achieving - not with just one sow but with 23 sows - 11 per cent of his 205-sow herd. Detailed individual sow records have enabled Ian Broumpton to identify these super-productive sows and gilts and to raise the performance of his herd as a whole.
     Although he can't say how many piglets each of these prolific ACMC sows rears individually, due to his practice of cross-fostering around the farrowing house, their influence is enabling the number of pigs weaned by the herd as a whole to average 26.5 pigs per sow annually.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 5 new features this week:

Controlled reproduction of the pig: The benefits of P.G. 600
By Jan Baars, Annette Bonde Larsen and Marc Martens, Intervet. - P.G. 600 was developed in the beginning of the sixties and introduced on the Dutch market in 1965. Since then it has been registered in pig producing countries all over the world, including the US. Research in pig reproduction has always been an area of major interest. Since P.G. 600 was introduced several studies have been performed showing the benefits of the product and articles have been published from all over the world.

PMWS case Definition
By Poul Bækbo (P16), Manager of WP2 - The PMWS case definition on herd level is based on two elements: 1) the clinical appearance in the herd and 2) laboratory examination of necropsied pigs suffering from wasting.

US Pork Outlook Report - November 2005
By U.S.D.A., Economic Research Service - This article is an extract from the November 2005: Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook Report, highlighting Global Pork Industry data.

Pork Central Hog Market Thoughts for November 2005
By Al Prosch, Nebraska University Pork Central Coordinator - The December lean hog futures contract prices have been rising in November. At $63.05 (November 15th 10:00AM) we could end the year above $60.00. This would be only the third year that has happened. But, note that we are closer to the year end prices shown for 1999 through 2003(Chart 1).

World Pork Trade Overview - November 2005
By USDA Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides an overview of global pork trade predictions for 2003. The report covers the US, Brazil, China and the EU.

Vira-Matrix - Herd Health, Naturally.
Vira-Matrix - Herd Health, Naturally.

* Finally...

Sprayed Water Shown Effective in Reducing Airborne H2S Concentrations

     Research conducted at the Prairie Swine Centre has shown spraying clean water has great potential as a means of reducing hydrogen sulphide concentrations in swine barns. Hydrogen sulphide is a potentially deadly gas which is produced as a by-product during the anaerobic breakdown of manure.
     As part of a multi faceted ongoing effort to develop cost effective measures for ensuring H2S concentrations do not reach hazardous levels in swine barns, scientists at the Prairie Swine Centre have completed a bench scale study which compared a variety of treatments using sprayed water.
     Research Scientist in Engineering Dr. Bernardo Predicala says treatments using pure clean water and water treated with various levels of an additive believed capable of scrubbing H2S from the air were compared to an untreated check. "We have a setup where in we have manure in an enclosed chamber, a container, and then we have a set of sprayers.
     After we agitate the manure to release the H2S then we spray the water and then we check the levels of H2S inside that container. Spraying water only caused an initial spike of H2S levels at the start of the spray application but this was quickly followed by a faster decline in H2S levels.
     After ten minutes the H2S levels in the barrels sprayed with water was down to about 85 percent of initial readings. The additive itself had no observable positive effect on the H2S concentrations. In fact, in some tests, it increased the H2S levels so water spraying has the best potential to reduce H2S release from agitated manure but further work is needed to optimize this technique."

That's all for this week.


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