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ThePigSite Newsletter - 8 August 2011

ThePigSite Weekly Newsletter
Monday 8th August 2011
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Welcome to this week's newsletter

Editorial – Report Highlights Potential Dangers of Antimicrobials in Farm Livestock

In the last week, a study has concluded that antimicrobials fed to food-producing animals presents a risk to public health and can help to spread drug-resistant bacterial strains.

The study, by the Panel on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ Panel) for the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), calls for a lowering of the overall use of antimicrobials in farm livestock in the EU in order to limit the risk to public health that can arise from resistance in the food chain.

In its assessment, the Panel evaluated the risks to public health of bacterial strains producing two types of enzymes: extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) and AmpC beta-lactamases (AmpC). These enzymes inactivate the effects of antimicrobials such as penicillins and cephalosporins, which are critically important antimicrobials for both human and veterinary medicine.

EFSA's Panel experts found that different bacteria are able to produce these enzymes, most often E. coli and Salmonella. Since 2000, the Panel has found, ESBL/AmpC-producing Salmonella and E. coli in animals and foods have been increasingly reported both in Europe and globally.

After analysis of the risk factors contributing to the occurrence, emergence and spread of ESBL/AmpC-producing bacteria, the experts concluded that the use of antimicrobials in general – not only cephalosporins – is a risk factor for the spread of these types of resistant bacterial strains.

The EFSA Panel concluded that decreasing the overall use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals should be of high priority in the EU as these bacterial strains are often resistant to many other commonly used veterinary drugs. They also concluded that an additional risk factor is the extensive trade of animals in EU Member States.

In company news last week, Danish Crown chairman, Niels Mikkelsen, told ThePigSite that discussions are on-going over turning Danish Crown into a limited company and to make it into a public company.

During in an earlier interview with a Danish newspaper, Mr Mikkelsen is reported to have said: "The goal is for Danish Crown to be one of the three biggest food producers in Europe. There isn't a doubt in my mind that Danish Crown will have to grow quite considerably in coming years to secure itself a lucrative business for the future."

Turning to scientific news, research conducted by the Prairie Swine Centre in Canada indicates that the ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids in the diet can impact the reproductive performance of pregnant sows.

And finally, reports have been received of PRRS causing new disruption to the pig industries of Thailand and Myanmar.

Jackie Linden

Pig Signals Training Books

* This Week's Feature Articles

We have 6 new features this week:

Controlling Price Volatility in Food
Concerns over volatility in the food and agriculture market stem from fears over price rises and behind this, fears over food security, writes ThePigSite editor in chief, Chris Harris.
Seasonality in Pigs
A summary of the findings to date from a research project carried out by the Faculty of Biological Sciences at the University of Leeds, published by BPEX in its series, Research into Action, number 10.
Indications and Patterns of Therapeutic Use of Antimicrobial Agents in Danish Pig Production
Antimicrobial usage increased significantly between 2002 and 2008 in all classes of Danish pigs, and most were administered to treat gastrointestinal infections, especially in weaners, according to a recently published study.
Farm Level Risk Factors Associated with Severity of PMWS
Environmental and management factors were found to be related to post-weaning multi-systemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) severity and pathogens other than porcine circovirus (PCV) are possible co-factors, according to researchers at the UK's Royal Veterinary College.
Probiotics Influence F4 (K88)-Positive Enterotoxigenic E. coli Attachment and Intestinal Cytokine Expression in Weaned Pigs
One of the probiotics tested modulated intestinal immune functions and influenced host interaction with ETEC F4 and so could be a complementary approach to consider in strategies to improve intestinal health and reduce the use of antibiotics in weaner feed, according to researchers based in Quebec, Canada.
Mycotoxin Risk Management and the Successful Use of Enzyme-Producing Microorganisms
Mycotoxin risk management tool involves both the elimination of mycotoxins by adsorptive materials, and the conversion of their toxic structures into non-toxic, harmless metabolites, according to Inês Rodrigues, Technical Manager for Biomin Holding.
Merck Animal Health - It's a New Day for Animal Health
* Company News

Fostera PCV: Single-Dose Vaccine vs. PCV2 Viraemia
US - New Fostera PCV is the only single-dose vaccine that helps prevent PCV2 viraemia, says Pfizer Animal Health.
£1-Million Contract for JSR Genetics
CHINA - JSR Genetics, UK-based international pig breeding company, has signed a £1-million contract with Chinese state-owned import/export company, the China Animal Husbandry Group (CAHG), further accelerating its growth in Asia.
Orego-Stim Gains Organic Certification
AUSTRALIA - Orego-Stim, the natural feed additive from Meriden Animal Health, has been certified for use in organic systems in Australia by the Bio-Dynamic Research Institute.
New Definition for Chelated Trace Minerals
US - A new feed ingredient definition for Mintrex chelated trace minerals from Novus has been accepted by regulator, AAFCO.
WPX a Success for BVS
US - CID Lines' US importer-distributor, BVS (Best Veterinary Solutions Inc.), had a stand at the World Pork Expo, a prestigious event in Iowa, the 'swine capital of the USA'.
BIVI to Dedicate New Research Facility
US - Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica Inc. will be dedicating its new Livestock Vaccine Research Facility later this month.
JSR's 22nd Conference: Beddington at Bonnington
UK - JSR Genetics' 22nd Technical Conference entitled 'The Next Agricultural Revolution' will take place on Tuesday 13th September with Sir John Beddington, Government Chief Scientific Adviser (GCSA), as keynote speaker.
* Global Pig Industry News

   Russian Federation

 » Cherkizovo's CEO is Confident of Strategy
 » Consignment of Imported Pig Offal Returned


 » Texas Researchers Warn of Bioterrorism Threat
 » AgFeed Starts to Look Beyond China and US

The first and only vaccine for the control of Porcine Proliferative Enteropathy.
   United States

 » Pork Commentary: Cash Market Hogs Surge Higher
 » Industry Changes Blamed for Minot Plant Closure
 » New Sessions for Animal Care & Handling Conference
 » Weekly Roberts Market Report
 » CME: Pork Prices Hit Record High
 » Plans Announced for K-State Swine Day
 » Biotechnology Enhances Health, Food Production
 » CME: Cutout Values Continue to Rise
 » New All-Time Records for Pork and Hog Prices
 » Pork Checkoff Appoints Two New Vice Presidents

   European Union

 » EU Market is Well Balanced
 » EFSA Panel Shows Risks of Antimicrobial Use


 » Six New Outbreaks of PRRS in Myanmar


 » European Symposium on Porcine Health Management


 » Danish Crown Considers Going Public
 » Discussions On-Going over DK Crown Public Offering


 » Pork Prices Fall Again
 » Farm Prices Fall While Raw Materials Rise

   United Kingdom

 » Farmers Receive Good News on Nitrates
 » Outdoor Bred Pig Meat Upgrades Sausages
 » On-Farm Pilots for Better Pig Health
 » Pig Prices in Retreat in Almost Every Sector
 » Chair of Health & Welfare Board Appointed

Performance, Unleashed

 » Auvergne Pork Protected


 » Brazilian Hog Market - July 2011
 » Project Aiming to Identify Products Containing Pork


 » Lack of FTA with S Korea Hampers Pork Trade
 » Workshop Focuses on Efficiency and Costs
 » Fertiliser Value and Proper Management of Manure
 » Altering Dietary Omega-6 to Omega-3 Ratios
 » Workshop Focuses on Efficiency and Costs


 » APL Discusses Proposed Increase in Pork Levy

BigFarmNet - The Best Invention Since Pig Equipment

 » HKScan Adjusts Profits Forecast


 » AI Import Ban of Livestock Products Extended


 » Blue-Ear Pig Disease Strikes in Thailand Again

Circovac - Nothing protects earlier

That's all for this week!

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The Drost Project - A Visual Guide to Porcine, Pig Reproduction.
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