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ThePigSite Newsletter - 16 April 2012

Welcome to this week's newsletter

Editorial – US Takes First Step to Reduce Antimicrobial Use

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has introduced a voluntary initiative on antimicrobial use in the US. The agency announced that it is taking three steps to protect public health and promote the judicious use of medically important antibiotics in food-producing animals. A voluntary initiative for labelling and use of antimicrobial drugs in livestock is proposed.

The agency is proposing a voluntary initiative to phase in certain changes to how medically important antimicrobial drugs are labelled and used in food-producing animals. FDA says it is taking this action to help preserve the effectiveness of medically important antimicrobials for treating disease in humans.

FDA has issued three documents that will help veterinarians, farmers and animal producers use medically important antibiotics judiciously in food-producing animals by targeting their use to only address diseases and health problems. Under this new voluntary initiative, certain antibiotics would not be used for so-called ‘production’ purposes, such as to enhance growth or improve feed efficiency in an animal. These antibiotics would still be available to prevent, control or treat illnesses in food-producing animals under the supervision of a veterinarian.

FDA is inviting comments on its proposals until 12 July.

Still on the subject of antibiotic use in the US pig industry, a Kansas State University study has helped to establish the actual use of in–feed antibiotic use.

Based on data from three companies, the study classified the results by both use category – growth promotion, disease prevention and disease therapy – and by the importance to human medicine as defined by the FDA. The team grouped the results in this manner to better inform the discussion on food animal antibiotic use.

Lead researcher, Professor Apley, commented: “Gross tonnage estimates of overall use serve us little other than as sound bites.”

In an analysis of European Union farm incomes, high prices to the end of 2011, coupled with a fall in cereal prices, have brought theoretical pig producer margins back to the five-year average.

The pig meat sector continued to concentrate in fewer hands and the European sow herd reduced 'slightly', according to the Brussels agriculture department. The total sow herd fell nearly five per cent. The new analysis notes that the increasing trend in production continued in 2011, with the total production up 1.7 per cent.

With regard to exports, 2011 was an exceptional year as, for the first time ever, the EU exported more than three billion tonnes of pig meat, an increase of over 20 per cent against 2010 and representing nearly 12 per cent of the domestic production.

Average EU carcass price in 2011 was €153.20 per 100kg, €13 per 100kg (£10.70/100kg) more than the year before.

US pork exports continue on an upward trajectory. Pork export volume (187,629 metric tons) was nine per cent higher in February 2012 than in the same month last year, while value ($526.2 million) was up 21 per cent. For the first two months of the year, pork exports totalled 399,086 tonnes valued at $1.09 billion – increases of 18 per cent and 31 per cent, respectively. This is the first time US pork export value has reached the $1 billion mark after only two months.

FDA has released a report on antibiotic residues in distillers products, such as DDGS. Four of the 46 samples of distillers’ grains tested were quantifiable in the laboratory for one or more of 12 antibiotics. The information will be used for the development of future policy rather than regulation, says FDA.

Jackie Linden

MSD Animal Health - It's a New Day for Animal Health

* This Week's Feature Articles

We have 7 new features this week:

Influenza A Virus in Swine – Moving beyond 2009
Facing the swine and human health issues with influenza proactively with science, transparency, and cooperation is both a challenge and an opportunity, according to A.L. Vincent of the USDA and co-authors in the US and Brazil as they addressed the International Symposium on Emerging and Re-Emerging Diseases in Pigs in 2011.
Tail Docking
The proper procedure for tail docking is described in no. 17 of the Work Instruction series from BPEX.
Mycoplasma–Associated Arthritis: Critical Points for Diagnosis
Researchers from Iowa State University offer advice on the diagnosis of arthritis caused by Mycoplasma species, a condition that appears to be a growing concern in the US Midwest.
Oral Antimicrobials and their Correlation with the Therapy of Various Bacterial and Mycoplasmal Infections
Examination of the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationships of orally administered antimicrobials and their correlation with the therapy of various bacterial and mycoplasmal infections in pigs was the subject of the thesis submitted in accordance with the requirements of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons for the Diploma of Fellowship by David Burch earlier this year.
Serum Protein Profiles as Potential Biomarkers for Infectious Disease Status
Serum protein profiles have potential for the detection and identification of viral infections in pigs before clinical signs of the disease become visible, according to researchers at Wageningen University.
Swine Innovation: What Does It Mean for Producers?
The pork industry is no stranger to change. While the change in the industry has garnered most of the headlines in recent years, Canadian pork producers have always been on the leading edge of incorporating new technologies and management practices that enhance the competitive position of their business, writes Ken Engele of the Prairie Swine Centre.
Weaning in Pigs: When the Facts Change
In order to achieve a successful transition from milk to solid feed, the enrichment of diets with phytogenics feed additives to support growth performance in newly weaned pigs is recommended by Tobias Steiner (Director Competence Center Phytogenics, Biomin), Ahmed Aufy (Product Manager, Biomin).
PIC
* Market Reports

 » USDA Feed Outlook
 » BPEX Export Bulletin – Week 15

* Company News

Whole Herd PCV2 Vaccination the Way Forward
UK - Vets and producers in the pig industry should consider vaccinating the whole herd for PCV2, not just piglets, according to Merial Animal Health’s Veterinary Adviser Brian Rice.
Product Caps Bring Innovation to Customers
US - Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc. (BIVI) has introduced new color caps for three of its products, Ingelvac CircoFLEX Ingelvac MycoFLEX and Ingelvac PRRS, making the products even easier to use and identify.
* Global Pig Industry News

   European Union

 » EU Pig Prices: Stable Conditions on EU Markets
 » Programme Launches First Food Security Initiative
 » Dutch & Danish Use Welfare Directive Against Spain
 » European Pig Producers Did Better Last Year
 » EU Draws up Animal Cloning Options
 » Young Farmers Central to Policy Reform
 » Genesus Global Market Report - Spain and EU
The first and only vaccine for the control of Porcine Proliferative Enteropathy.
   Australia

 » Pork Industry Ahead on Stall Free Move
 » CRC Sees Healthy Role for Australian Pork

   United States

 » KSU Helps Establish In-feed Antibiotic Use Estimates
 » Digestibility, Nutritional Value of Whey Co-products
 » AFBF Analysis Sees Soybeans as New Market Driver
 » Cargill Third Quarter Earnings Level
 » Food Costs Could Rise with Relocation & Reduction
 » ‘Fabricating It’: Opponents Wrong on Antibiotics Use
 » CME: WASDE Contained Few Big Surprises
 » Weekly Roberts Market Report
 » FDA Introduces Voluntary Initiative on Antimicrobials
 » Study: First Case of Feral Pig Exposure to Brucella
 » Importance of Livestock Assistance in Farm Bill
 » FDA Antibiotics Guidance Problematic for Producers
 » Slight Increase in Retail Food Prices Driven
 » Congresswoman Welcomes FDA Move on Antibiotics
 » Tool to Manage Reduced-Oil Animal Feed
 » CME: Meat Trade Data Good/ Bad for Protein Markets
 » Report on Antibiotic Residues in Distillers Products
 » February Pork Exports Well above Last Year
 » USDA Raises Prediction for 2012 Pork Production
 » Comments Invited on Antibiotic Reduction Proposals
 » CME: Beef, Pork, Poultry Output Down Last Week

   Russian Federation

 » ABH MIRATORG Mixed Feed Production Up in 2012
 » Russia Blames Georgia for African Swine Fever
 » Spread of ASF in Volgograd Region Explained

   Canada

 » Sofina Buys Former Maple Leaf Pork Plant
 » Key to Successful Livestock Production
 » Canada Invests in Toronto Processing Plant
 » DNA Traceability Improves Food Safety
 » Bilateral FTAs Key to Expansion of Pork Exports
 » Factor Driving Interest among Pork Producers
 » Opportunity to Reduce Pork Production Costs

   China

 » Farm Produce Prices Fall for Third Week

   Global

 » Human Diarrhoea Parasite Found Lurking in Piglets
 » China to Import Pork from Mexico
 » Living under the Shadow of Pesticides and Antibiotics
Circovac - Nothing protects earlier
   Taiwan

 » FMD NEWS: Further FMD Cases Reported in Taipei

   United Kingdom

 » Trainee of the Year Award Gets Bigger and Better
 » Spot Still Ahead of Shouts
 » Call to Capitalise on World-Class Technical Expertise

   Germany

 » Danish Crown Celebrates 10 Years in Oldenburg

   Indonesia

 » Feed Company Merger in Prospect in Indonesia

   Austria

 » More Food for Fewer People?

   Chile

 » Beef, Pork, Chicken Production Increased in 2012
SowComfort - Never before has standing been so easy!
That's all for this week!

Ed.
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