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ThePigSite Newsletter - 20 August 2012

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Monday 20th August 2012.

Jackie Linden - ThePigSite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor

Editorial - Welfare Issues Relating to Rearing Entire Boars in the Spotlight

A new report launched last week focuses on the welfare problems of rearing entire male pigs, and looks at ways in which welfare can be enhanced in the pig industry.

Author, veterinarian Ruth Clements of Food Animal Initiative (FAI), outlines the problems caused by housing entire males in commercial units, including aggression and injury caused by sexual behaviour and considers some of the options for reducing their prevalence.

Entitled ‘Entire Male Pig Production: Welfare Management Issues’, the report was produced by agriculture and science consultancy, FAI, and commissioned by Pfizer.

It highlights a range of possible solutions to tackle welfare issues caused by entire males in commercial units. These include selection of genetic lines with reduced aggressive tendencies, modification of housing environment to reduce the level of social contact, provision of manipulable materials which allow natural rooting behaviour and temporary reduction of testosterone in male pigs through an Improvac welfare management programme.

The feed situation remains much in the news. In its monthly agricultural supply and demand update, the US Department of Agriculture again lowered the outlook for US corn production, reflecting the continued deterioration of this year’s crop due to the once-in-a-lifetime drought that affects most of the US Corn Belt. The latest USDA projection lowers US corn production to 274 million metric tons, down almost 40 million tons from last year, and the lowest since 2006, according to the US Grains Council.

World corn production is estimated at 849 million tons (33.4 billion bushels), down 27 million tons (1.1 billion bushels) from last year, but 19 million tons (748 million bushels) higher than 2010/2011 due to higher production from China, Brazil and Argentina.

African Swine Fever (ASF) outbreaks continue to be reported in the Russian Federation. Recent outbreaks have been linked to reports of stolen pig feed in affected regions. The first outbreak has been reported in the Rostov region. Samples taken from around 100 dead pigs found dumped at a farm in Tselinskii district have been identified as contaminated with the ASF virus. An outbreak of African Swine Fever has been reported in a herd of village pigs in Yaroslav oblast in eastern Russia, also beleived to be the first in this region.

Exacerbation of the ASF situation has led to the implementation of measures to prevent introduction and spread of the virus into the territory of Kostroma region. The city of Kostroma lies around 300km north-east of Moscow.

Please note that next Monday, 27 August, is a public holiday in the UK so the next issue of ThePigSite newsletter will be sent to you on Tuesday 28 August.

Jackie Linden

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The Pig Signals Series The Pig Signals Series
The Pig Signals series consists of 4 books which present practical knowledge about pig farming in an accessible fashion. Pigs are constantly giving out signals about their health, well-being, and performance. The art is to perceive these signals and to use them to monitor and improve the nutrition, care and housing of your animals.
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 The Genetics of the Pig The Genetics of the Pig
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Waste Air Purification Systems for Pig Housing
These systems offer potential to improve the public perception of pig farming if used and verified correctly, according to researchers at Wageningen University Research. Senior editor, Jackie Linden, reports on their presentation at the European Pig Producers Congress 2012.

Entire Male Pig Production: Welfare Management Issues
A report investigating the existing and potential ethical impacts of rearing entire male pigs, and examining ways that welfare can be enhanced in the UK pig industry by Ruth Clements, MRCVS, of the Food Animal Initiative (FAI).

Determining the Net Energy Content of Diets and Ingredients
The Net Energy (NE) system provides better characterisation of the efficiency with which energy is used for growth and/or production, according to G. Rozeboom and A.D. Beaulieu in the 2011 Annual Report from the Prairie Swine Centre.

Smaller Pig Populations – Post Weaning Diarrhoea
Weaning is well recognised as a stressful time for young pigs and one of the most common problems encountered is enteric disease leading to diarrhoea (scour), loss of condition and even death.

Reproduction in Farm Animals in an Era of Rapid Genetic Change
Genetic selection in today's pigs swine has produced larger-than-expected changes in the physiology of the sow and her offspring, according to Dr Foxcroft of the University of Alberta. He expects new technologies to help restore the balance in pork production in future.

Reduce Risk of Autumn Infertility
Sows and gilts that are served from mid-September to late October may suffer from infertility problems including delayed oestrus, increased returns and abortions.

Impacts of Farming Intensification on Wildlife and Ecosystem Health
At a recent meeting, FAO experts voiced concern that wildlife species are increasingly at risk from the expansion and intensification of agricultural production, which appropriates habitat and exposes wildlife and livestock to one another’s diseases.

Using Sustainable Materials and Alternative Energy Forms
Farmers instinctively want to do the right thing sustainably. After all, farmers maintain, protect and enhance a large part of the UK’s landscape by the very nature of what they do. Small-holders and large scale producers alike carry a unique responsibility to manage the countryside, writes Louise Barnett for EcoSheet in the UK.

Benefits of Improvac Explained
UK - In connection with the launch of a report into the possible welfare implications of rearing entire male boars in London on 16 August, Nigel Lodge, MRCVS, National Veterinary Manager of Pfizer Animal Health, explains the mode of action of his company’s product, Improvac, as well as its economic, meat quality and welfare benefits.
Biomin at AGRENA 2012 in Egypt
EGYPT - This year’s edition of the poultry exhibition AGRENA was held a few days after Egypt’s first elections in almost three decades. Salman Abbas (Area Manager) represented Biomin at this exhibition at the booth of Dakahlia, the company’s distributor in Egypt.


CP Sees Investment Potential in India

   United States

Corn Report Bleak, Trim and Substitute Whatever You Can
Corn and Soybean Forecasts, What's Next?
USDA Purchases Meat to Help Drought-Stricken Farmers
Researchers Feed Pigs High-Protein Fungus Grown on Ethanol Leftovers
CME: Govt Purchases Meat to Stabilise Market
Weekly Roberts Market Report
NPPC Thanks Government for Pork Purchase
CME: Export Data 'More of the Same'
Obama Promotes Farm Bill
Corn Ethanol Waiver: Effect on Corn Prices Uncertain
CME: Domestic Meat Demand a Mixed Bag
Tyson Foods Shareholders Want Answers on Gestation Crates
CME: Would RFS Waiver Affect Corn Prices?
Humane Society Happy with Charges
Low-Interest Emergency Loans Available
Hog Outlook: Retail Pork Prices Increase Slightly


Genesus Global Market Report - Viet Nam Hog Markets
Composting Manure Improves Nutrient Release
Hylife Foods Expansion Stimulates Local Economic Growth
Piglets Popular at Discovery Centre
Comments under Review on Health Rules Changes
Livestock Species and Diet Influence Manure Composting
Pork Council Calls for Review of Ethanol Policies
Pork Industry Concerned about Availability of Affordable Feed


Further Pork Price Rises Forecast This Year
Tican Subsidiary Invests in China
Modern Farm Management on CP's Agenda in China
First Report of Toxoplasma Prevalence in Tibetan Pigs


Agricultural Sector Grows by One Per Cent
Agriculture Census Scheduled for 2013

   European Union

EU Pig Prices: Prices Pushed Up by Good Demand, Scarce Supply


Russia, Belarus Change Export Rules


Ventilation Reduces Environmental Impact
Large Potential in Fermented Liquid Feed for Pigs

   United Kingdom

Feed Prices Pressure Producers
New Board Member for BPEX
Mulberry Heart, Flu Caused Mortalities in Weaners
Focus on Feed Value not Price per Tonne
Morrisons Helps Farmers Choose Renewables
Salmonella Control Programme Has Changed
Report Published on Welfare Management for Entire Male Pigs
Osteochondrosis, APP Feature in AHVLA June Report
NPA Urges Consumers to Buy British
Pig Farmers under Pressure, says Union
Processors Stand Firm as Feed, Pig Price Gap Widens

   Russian Federation

Feed Theft Blamed for Latest ASF Outbreak
Vet Service Works to Keep ASF out of Kostroma
OIE: Classical Swine Fever Outbreak in Russia
African Swine Fever Breaks into Rostov
ASF Outbreak Reported in Yaroslav


Pork Commentary: Road Trip Czech Republic, China
US Grains Council: Global Analysis of Grain Supply
JBS Reports Strong Performance by Mercosul Group


Honduras Still Free of Classical Swine Fever


Bad Weather Causes Problems for Irish Farmers


Aussie Farmers Push for Drought Aid
Pork CRC Encouraging Innovation


Mexico Free of Classical Swine Fever


BRF Issues Statement on Marfrig Brand Acquisitions

   New Zealand

New Zealand Aims for World Leading Animal Welfare


Trichinellosis Rumbles on in Pigs, People in Romania

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Pfizer Animal Health - Draxxin
Novus International - Performance Unleashed
Enterisol Ileitis - The oral vaccine against ileitis

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Biomin - Naturally Ahead
MSD Animal Health - It's a New Day for Animal Health

Genesus - The first power in genetics
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JSR Genetics - Fast & Efficient Geneconverter Sire Lines
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Orego-Stim for Swine from Meriden Animal Health
Hipra - Suiseng with Hipramune - Experience a new type of immunity!
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