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ThePigSite Newsletter - 04 November 2013

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Monday 4th November 2013.
Jackie Linden - ThePigSite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea and the Need to Tight Biosecurity

Intense biosecurity measures and alertness are key in preventing Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED) from entering Europe as it has in the US, according to Bent Nielsen, the head of SPF Health Control and the Pig Diagnostic Lab at the Danish Pig Research Centre.

Speaking during the recent pig conference in Herning, he said that the spread of the disease in the US could have been made worse because of a lack of truck washing when pigs were taken to the slaughterhouse.

However, he said that although there have been cases in 2006 in Europe in Italy and Spain, the disease in Europe largely died out in the 1980s.

It is thought that the current epidemic in the US could have come from China and was either brought in through personal contact, feed or from a migratory bird. However, he added that the US has found that the transfer has not only been from pig to pig and from trucks but also that the disease has become airborne.

"Truck washing is highly critical and in some cases, they were not washing the trucks when they went to the slaughterhouse," Mr Nielsen said. "That has caused the rapid spread in the US."

The total number of positive tests for PED in the US has reached 924 in 18 states at the latest count - 68 more than the week before. Worst-affected states are North Carolina, Oklahoma and Kansas.

Two issues are dominating the news in the US pork industry, according to market analyst, Steve Meyer. These are the spread of the PED virus and the low levels of hog slaughter since 1 September. It is important to understand that the two issues are, at present, unrelated, he said. The timing simply does not match.

In Canada, the manager of PigTrace Canada expects the reporting of pig movements to accommodate swine traceability to become mandatory next summer.

The nation's pork industry has been working on the development of a traceability programme for pigs since 2002 and that programme is now ready for launch.

On other pig disease outbreaks around the world, Chile has reported its third outbreak of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS; blue ear disease), all of them in the same area of Santiago.

A leading US pig academic is encouraging stock people to monitor sow herds more closely for signs of lameness and then take action to treat the problem.

Research has shown lameness affects anywhere from 10 to 60 per cent of the sow herd to some degree and has a profound effect on productivity.

Dr John Deen, a professor of swine production systems with the University of Minnesota, told a workshop on sow lameness, longevity and temperament in Winnipeg hosted by the Prairie Swine Centre and Swine Innovation Pork, that lame sows produce fewer piglets and are less likely to remain pregnant if they are bred.

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This Week's Articles and Analysis

How Much Straw Does a Pig Need for Exploration?
Around 400g of straw satisfies the behavioural needs of a finishing pig each day, according to a new study at Aarhus University in Denmark, but their study also revealed that the straw boosts growth rate and lowers the risk of stomach ulcers.

Impact of Calcium and Phosphorus on Sow Lameness and Sow Longevity
New research from the Prairie Swine Centre shows that current recommendations are adequate for group-housed sows in a non-competitive group housed situation.

New Applications in Nursery Nutrition and Management
Giving piglets the best possible start is the aim of the practical management tips and nutrition concepts offered by Ian Wellock, Paul Toplis and Kayleigh Almond (Primary Diets, UK) and Pete Willcock (AB Vista, US) to the 2013 London Swine Conference.

Microbiological, Pathological and Histological Findings in Four Danish Pig Herds Affected by a New Neonatal Diarrhoea Syndrome
Researchers in Denmark have identified a new enteric disease of young piglets, which they have named New Neonatal Porcine Diarrhoea Syndrome (NNPDS). It does not appear to be caused by any known pathogens or management factors.

Guarding the Country Against Foreign Animal Diseases
Researchers based at the USDA Agricultural Service (ARS) Plum Island Animal Disease Center have been making progress on the development of vaccines against major livestock diseases such as Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD), Classical Swine Fever), African Swine Fever (ASF) and Vesicular Stomatitis, writes Sandra Avant of the ARS.

Cassava as Animal Feed in Ghana: Past, Present and Future
The use of cassava as a feed for ruminants and non-ruminants (poultry and pigs) in Ghana could reduce the high cost of feed, increase livestock production and create job opportunities, according to a new report from UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

Company News

Absolute Swine Announces Brazilian Distributor
BRAZIL - Absolute Swine Insemination Co., LLC (ASIC) has announced that Ibersan do Brasil is restored as distributor of its hydraulic IUI catheters.
Improvest Implementation Programme Earns FSIS Status Upgrade
US - The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) has issued a Directive regarding on-farm protocols for using IMPROVEST (gonadotropin releasing factor analogue - diphtheria toxoid conjugate), says Zoetis.
Feeding Places for 1.5 Million Pigs
GERMANY - Clean and robust, practical and precise: these are convincing characteristics of modern pig feeders for finishing houses. More pig producers have decided on Big Dutchman (BD) automatic dry feeders. In this business year alone, 1.5 million pigs worldwide were served their spotless feeding places by the experts from Vechta-Calveslage.
Absolute Swine Appoints Distributor for Ukraine
UKRAINE - Absolute Swine Insemination Co., LLC (ASIC) has appointed Eurofeed Corp. as distributor for its hydraulic IUI catheters in the Ukraine and surrounding areas.
Ceva Injects Funds to Help RABI Support More Farmers
UK - Ceva Animal Health has shown its support for struggling farmers by injecting the sum of £15,427.00 into the Royal Agricultural Benevolent Institution (RABI), RSABI in Scotland and National Sheep Association (NSA) in Northern Ireland.
Market Reports

UK Outlook for Pig Meat Supplies - October 2013
BPEX Export Bulletin - Week 44
USDA Agricultural Prices - 31 October 2013
AHDB Pig Market Weekly - 31 October 2013

Global Pig Industry News

   United Kingdom

Pig Prices Hold Firm as Pig Meat Imports Fall, Exports Rise
Average Price Rises; Pigs Short
Sizzling Start to British Sausage Week
Supermarkets Urged to Adopt Three-point Waste Food Protocol
Most Pig Units Monitoring On-line Within a Decade
Pod Aims to Increase Litter Size in Outdoor Sows
Agriculture Policy Announcement Critical Step Forward
Pull the Plug on Water Waste, Says Farmers Union
Launch of New Centre for Sustainable Food Production

   Russian Federation

Cherkizovo Reports Higher Sales Volume


International Praise for Antonius and Den Go'e Gris


Marketing Opportunities for Canadian Weaner Producers
Pork Council's Fall Meeting a Success
Pig Movement Reporting Expected to Become Mandatory Next Summer
Quarterly Earnings Down Sharply at Maple Leaf
Centre Seeks Better Management of Sow Feeding Systems
Stock People Encouraged to Monitor for Lameness in Sow Herd
Canada's Pork Council Discussed Future Challenges
Canada-EU Trade Deal Expected to Add Value to Canadian Pigs
Research Shows Temperament Influences Sow Productivity, Meat Quality
Increased Market Volatility Raises Need for Effective Risk Management

   United States

CME: September Pork Inventory Lower Than a Year Ago
Hog Outlook: Pork in Cold Storage Up During September
Wyckoff's Livestock Report: Lean Hogs Closed Down on Thursday
CME: Government Shutdown Information Gap Slowly Being Filled
USDA Meat Data a Mixed Bag for Livestock Futures
PED-Positive Submissions: Increase in Positive Cases Count Accelerates
Farm Bill Conference Committee Meets
CME: Hog Weights Continue to Climb
Council Speaks out Against Undercover Video Alleging Animal Abuse
Coalition Says Legislative Interference on COOL Unwarranted
Balance Sought at First Meeting Today to Settle US Farm Bill
Wyckoff's Weekly Hog, Cattle Forecast: Bulls Are
in Command

PED-Positive Submissions: Count Continues Upwards
CME: Hog Slaughter Above Year-ago Levels
Pig Diarrhoea Outbreaks Not Linked to Low Slaughter Levels
Administration to Help Ensure Food Safety for Animals
US Pork Exports Stable in August
Pork Commentary: June Lean Hogs Reach 99.95


PRRS Outbreak Affects Pigs in Chile


Brazil: Hog Markets


Chinese Food Prices Stay Balanced
Soy Imports Forecast to Rise
Chinese Soybean Imports Increase as Demand for Animal Feed Rises


Biosecurity Measures Needed to Ward off PED
Weather and Economic Conditions Hit Danish Pig Meat Prices


TV Programme Welfare Allegations at VION Refuted


Cassava Has Potential as Pig Feed in Ghana


Australian Pig Producers Target Pork Imports


Biotechnology Helps Overcome Smallholders' Challenges
BRIC Countries Agree to Minimise Climate Change Impacts
Study Looks at How to Realise Africa's Food Potential
Newsham, Pen Ar Lan Form Choice Genetics


Irish Trade Mission to Gulf States Opens New Agri Food Opportunities

   European Union

EU Pig Prices: Pressure from Germany Shifts to Neighbours
Food Waste Organisation Formed in EU
Agricultural Policy Subject to Formal Approval by Council and Parliament

   South Africa

South African Farmers Anticipating Drought Relief Assistance


The Drost Project - A Visual Guide to Porcine, Pig Reproduction.
Biomin - Mycotoxins
Novartis Animal Health - Ileitis Guide

Sow Farm Manager – Based In Russia - Gvardia LLC
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Denagard - The right choice
Absolute Swine - The Safest, Fastest and Most Effective Hydraulic Intrauterine Insemination Catheters / Pipettes for Swine
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Novus International - Performance Unleashed
Circovac - Vaccines against PCV2 and PMWS.
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