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ThePigSite Newsletter - 3 February 2014

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Monday 3rd February 2014
Jackie Linden - ThePigSite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor

Pig Diseases Hit the Headlines

Two of the hot topics in the pig industry in the Western Hemisphere this week are new outbreaks of African Swine Fever (ASF) and Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED).

The first case of ASF in the European Union has been reported in the last week - in a wild boar in Lithuania.

Current EU regulations aimed at halting the spread of this disease include intensified surveillance of wild boars and pigs, sending samples to the EU Reference laboratory for more detailed analysis and keeping pigs isolated in their holding, unless authorised. Furthermore, the dispatch has been prohibited of live pigs, pig semen, ova and embryos and pig meat from six districts in Lithuania.

These measures are due to be reviewed at an EU Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health later this week.

Following the finding a wild boar dead on its border with Russia in the same region in early January, Ukraine has reported its first cases of ASF in domestic pigs. Five animals that died in a backyard herd in the Lugansk region tested positive or the ASF virus late last week.

The same disease reportedly killed 600 pigs in Ghana earlier this year.

Also on ASF, one of our features this week describes how an international group of researchers has developed a model that suggests it is mainly domestic transmission of ASF that accounts for the persistence of the disease in sub-Saharan Africa.

This contrasts with the situation in eastern Europe, where the disease is not (yet) endemic but where ASF outbreaks in domestic pigs all to often follow reports of infections in wild boar.

In North America, the pig disease that continues to hit the headlines is Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED).

Last week, we reported that PED had spread to Canada. As of 31 January, five outbreaks of the disease have now been confirmed - all of them in Ontario - in addition to positive tests for the virus at three pig handling facilities.

In the United States, the total number of swine accessions and diagnostic case submissions testing positive for the PED virus (PEDv) now stands at 2,692. The increase in the number of swine samples testing positive for the virus has set another new record for the latest week. The number of states affected remains at 23.

There are indications that the PEDv may be evolving in the US. The viruses from five recent cases investigated by Iowa State University have a different gene sequence from those investigated since April 2013, showing greater similarity to strains isolated in China between 2004 and 2012.

PEDv retained infectivity in drinking water for more than one week, according to new research at the University of Minnesota.

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This Week's Articles and Analysis

Meat Products in the European Union 2013-2023
Pork will remain the favourite meat in the European Union but per-capita consumption has been declining in recent years, as have pig numbers in the region, according to a new European Commission report entitled 'Prospects for Agricultural Markets and Income in the EU 2013-2023'.

Evaluation of Diet Complexity and Benzoic Acid on Growth Performance of Nursery Pigs
Early nursery pig growth performance was adversely affected when the pigs were fed simple diets (without lactose, zinc oxide or speciality protein sources) but benzoic acid had no effects on pig performance, according to new research at Kansas State University.

Spatial Multi-criteria Decision Analysis to Predict Suitability for African Swine Fever Endemicity in

Although the potential for spill-over from wildlife reservoirs should not be ignored, an international group of researchers has developed a model that suggests it is mainly domestic transmission of African Swine Fever (ASF) that accounts for the persistence of the disease in sub-Saharan Africa.

Establishment of Serological Herd Profiles for Zoonoses and Production Diseases in Pigs by Meat Juice Multi-serology
New research from Germany indicates that risk categorisation of pig herds based on serology of the meat juices for zoonoses and production diseases can contribute to the herd's health management system.

Monitoring for Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae Before and After a Partial Depopulation Programme
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae strains were found in this Argentinian work to remain in a herd in spite of the application of control measures. Researchers report that typing the Mycoplasma by an nPCR targeting the serine repeat motif of the p146 gene was useful to identify several genotypes among pigs from one herd.

Growth of Suckling Piglets in Litters Standardised by Weight
An experiment from Brazil revealed that, when litters were standardised for weight, the average daily gain of the piglets was not affected by their birth weight although those with higher birth weights maintained their bodyweight advantage to 21 days of age.

Disaster Relief: Care for Pets, Livestock, Poultry and Crops in a Radiological Emergency
Advice on what to do to care for farm animals, pets and crops in case of an escape of radioactivity or nuclear emergency from Dr Brigid Elchos, Agroterrorism Coordinator and State Public Health Veterinarian with Mississippi Board of Animal Health.

Company News

Review Vaccination Procedures, Says ACMC
UK - It is well worth while periodically reviewing vaccination procedures with the pig farm staff actually giving the injections, including their technique, accurate dosage — ensuring automatic syringes are set correctly — and route of administration (site of injection), advises ACMC veterinary consultant, Paul Thompson.
ESPHM Delegates Invited to Register for Social Event
ITALY - The Symposium Party for the European Symposium of Porcine Health Management (ESPHM) will be held on 8 May; delegates are invited by the organisers to register for this social event.
New Staff Appointment for JSR’s Agricultural Consultancy Business
RUSSIA - The JSR Group has welcomed a new staff member to its agricultural consultancy business, Checkfarm, to help oversee its farm management services in Russia.
Novus Celebrates 30 Years of ALIMET Production
US - Thirty years ago this week, the first load of ALIMET® shipped out of the Chocolate Bayou Manufacturing Facility near Alvin, Texas.
New Administration Option Now Available with Zoetis RespiSure-ONE
US - Zoetis is giving swine veterinarians and pork producers another on-label vaccination option by making RespiSure-ONE available for a two-dose protocol.
Market Reports

Dairy Australia - Grain and Hay Report - Week Ending 31 January
BPEX Export Bulletin - Week 5
USDA Agricultural Prices - 31 January 2014
AHDB Pig Market Weekly - 30 January 2014
QMS (Quality Meat Scotland) - January 2014
Dairy Australia - Grain and Hay Report - Week Ending 24 January
China Wholesale Prices - 29 January 2014
China Wholesale Prices - 28 January 2014

Global Pig Industry News

   United States

Hog Outlook: PEDV Impact Pushing Summer Hog Futures Contracts
CME: Weights Real 'Supply Story' for Hogs in 2014
Environmental Agency Awards Almost $9M to Improve Water Quality
PED: New Virus Strains Detected in US Pigs
PED-Positive Submissions: Another Record Increase Set in US
PED Virus Survives More Than One Week in Drinking Water
Meat Export Federation Supports Farm Bill
House Passes Farm Bill, Union Praises Efforts
Farmers Union Encouraged by President's Address
on Energy

Wrong Picture Painted over Antibiotic Use
CME: Canada, Mexico Play Huge Role in US Pork, Beef Markets
Alliance Launches New Interactive, Mobile-friendly Web Site
Union Calls on Congress to Pass 2014 Farm Bill This Week
New Test Now Offered at Texas Medical Laboratory
Tips for Livestock Farmers as Weather Turns Harsh
Packers, Processors Attempt to Hold Farm Bill Hostage
Initial Read of Farm Bill Conference Report Pleases Farmers Union
Pork Commentary: Iowa Pork Congress Report


African Swine Fever Outbreak in Ukraine


African Swine Fever Confirmed in Lithuania


Advance Warning Gives Pork Producers Advantage in Addressing PED
Ontario Counts Five PED Outbreaks in Pigs
Federal Govt Provides Emergency Access to PED Vaccine for Hogs
Pork Council to Mobilise PED Strategic Task Force
Pork Producers Advised to Ensure Biosecurity Plans Active, Ongoing
Truck Traffic Poses Greatest Risk for Spread of PED
Pork Producers Assured PED Controllable
New English Web Sites Provides Wider Access
to Information

Alberta Pork Puts Producers on Alert as PEDv Hits Canada
Pork Producers Advised to Maintain Focus on Biosecurity

   Russian Federation

Russian Ban Could Hit Pig Prices
FMD NEWS: FMD Outbreak Affects Russian Livestock
African Swine Fever Kills Wild Boar in Russia

   United Kingdom

Recognition for Exceptional Contribution to Scottish Pig Industry
HS2 Proposal 'Fails to Consider' Question of Business Sustainability
Forecast Shows Weather Still Affecting Farm Incomes
DAPP Rises, Helping Contract Prices
Pig Producers Urged to Review Defence Against Disease
Employment Law Workshops for Pig Producers
Farm Payment Advice Reminders for Saturated South
Pig Health Scheme Extended until 2015


Global Feed & Food Congress to Take Place in Turkey in 2016


Denmark to Export Organic Pork to China

   European Union

MEP Calls for Complete Country-of-Origin Labelling for Pork
African Swine Fever Control Measures in Force
Europe Failing Consumers over Animal Welfare
EU Pig Prices: Trend Continues to Stay Positive


Pig Meat, Poultry Sustainability Schemes Set for 2014


Spain: Hog Markets


Brazilian Pork Association Forecasts Stable Pig Meat Output in 2014


Angola, Brazil, FAO Sign South-South Cooperation Agreement
Feed Survey Reports Slight Increase in Global Feed Production in 2013
Feed Regulators and Industry Discuss Critical Issues
PEDV Hits Canada - What Happens Next?


Govt Funding Looks to Tighten up More Abattoirs
2014 Veterinary Society Congress Extends Deadline for Abstracts
Mexico Declared Free of Aujeszky's Disease


Campaign Group Urges Greek Presidency to Prioritise Animal Welfare

   New Zealand

Jobs Go as Pork Processor Shifts to Otago

   South Africa

Deputy Minister Responds to Pig Allegations
Deputy Minister Ordered to Clean up Pig Sty


Rotting Zebra Bacteria Can Kill Anthrax


Filipino Agriculture Sector up in 2013 Despite Typhoons


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