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ThePigSite Newsletter - 24 February 2014

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ThePigSite
Monday 24th February 2014
Jackie Linden - ThePigSite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor


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Better Understanding May Help Control of PED Virus

Evidence is mounting that one of the routes for transmission of the Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED) virus is through feed.

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has reported a positive bioassay resulting from exposure to samples of US-origin plasma product.

Testing has determined that PED virus (PEDv) was present in samples of US-origin plasma obtained at a manufacturer for one company. This plasma was used as an ingredient in feed pellets produced by the company. Testing with a bioassay has determined that the plasma ingredient contains PED virus capable of causing disease in pigs.

This news led the Ontario Swine Health Advisory Board to announce that the main source of PEDv in eastern Canada has been stopped.

Chair of the Board said that there is a direct link to that product and those cases present a pretty clear picture of how the majority of this occurred.

From there, he says, the primary focus is on containment so as spring and early summer approach and the virus will less easily transmitted, the number of positive cases and positive sites should fall, combined with continued surveillance to aid effective early detection.

PED has been confirmed on 20 farms in eastern Canada; confirmed cases are in Ontario with suspected cases in Manitoba and Prince Edward Island.

New research at the University of Minnesota reveals that pig manure and water may also be a source of PED infection.

Sagar Goyal, DVM, looked at the ability of the PEDv to survive in various environmental settings and commented: “The very low infective dose of PED virus surprised me the most. We proved the infectious dose of PEDv to cause disease in pigs is very low - even 108 dilution of the virus infected piglets.”

Dr Goyal looked at PEDv survival in fresh manure, slurry, drinking and recycled water and ground feed. Overall, he found results similar to those for the Transmissible Gastroenteritis (TGE) virus — a related coronavirus.

The PED virus seemed from his work to survive at least seven days and it was still viable at the end of the study after 28 days in slurry at low temperatures and in wet feed. PEDv survived one or two weeks in fresh manure, drinking water and dry feed.

The total number of US pig farms testing positive for PEDv stood at 3,528 at the latest count. The first virus-positive environmental samples have been reported in Idaho and Montana, bringing the total number of states affected to 25.

Turning to notifiable swine diseases, Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) has been reported in North Korean pigs. Signs were first noted in early January in a slaughterhouse in the capital, Pyongyang. It has since been found in 17 farms in several districts; 369 pigs died and 2,911 pigs have been destroyed. This is the first FMD outbreak in North Korea for three years.

And finally, turning to news of African Swine Fever, wild boar in three regions of Russia have been reported in the last week to have tested positive for the virus, as has one wild boar in Poland - the second EU country to report the disease.

The Polish case may have significance for the international pork market as Poland is the fourth largest producer of pig meat in the EU and a major trader in both pork and live pigs. The outbreak was in a region with few domestic pigs but both South Korea and Belarus have already banned imports of pigs and pig meat from Poland.


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This Week's Articles and Analysis

Effects of Hydrolysed Vegetable Protein or Hydrolysed Vegetable and Meat Protein Blend on Nursery Pig Performance
Including the speciality protein products in the diets of weaned pigs had no positive effects on their performance in this experiment, which was reported at the 2013 Kansas State University Swine Industry Day.

Production Contracts May Help Small Hog Farms Grow in Size
Production contracts may have helped smaller-scale pig operations in the US to expand. Nigel Key of the USDA Economic Research Service analyses the changes and explains the possible reasons for this development in 'Amber Waves'.

Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance in Swine E. coli, Pasteurella multocida and Streptococcus suis Isolates from Ontario
Clusters of increased multiple-class antibiotic resistance have been found in Pasteurella bacteria in pigs in Ontario, Canada in the spring of 2004 by researchers at the University of Guelph. They linked this with an outbreak of porcine circovirus disease in the autumn of that year.

Reducing Feed Cost by Maximising Dietary Byproduct Feeding Prior to Market
Income over feed costs was maximised when finishing pigs were fed the high-fibre, low-energy diet (including DDGS and wheat middlings) until 20 days prior to marketing and then switched to a standard corn-soybean meal diet, according to Dr Joel DeRouchey of Kansas State University.

Effects of Levan Supplementation on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Faecal Dry Matter Content in Weaned Pigs
Research from Korea indicates that adding the polysaccharide, levan, to the diet had some growth-promoting effects similar to antibiotics in weaner pigs.

Direct Comparison of Commercial Porcine Circovirus Type 2 Vaccines under Field Conditions
Kansas State University scientists found the PCV2 vaccines to be effective in two experiments they conducted under field conditions. They noted that, while two of the vaccines resulted in similar overall average daily gain over the whole trial period, there were differences in the pigs' growth patterns.

Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 2014
Iowa State University's Department of Animal Science has published its annual Animal Industry Report for 2014, which includes a number of reports of its work on pigs and pig meat.
Company News

Improving Days to Market
CANADA - On 5 and 6 February, Manitoba had their annual Swine Seminar. Dr Thomas Stein presented data on finishing growth with MetaFarms and data from 14 million pigs, write Lorne and Vicki Tannas from Genesus.
Registration Open for Pig Performance Symposium Offered by Zoetis
US - Online registration is open for 'Evaluating, Optimizing and Utilizing Technologies to Improve Pig Performance', a symposium offered by Zoetis.
Genus Completes Acquisition of Genetiporc do Brasil
BRAZIL - Genus plc has confirmed that, further to the announcements on 23 September and 18 October 2013 regarding Genus' acquisition of Génétiporc, Agroceres PIC, Genus' 49 per cent owned joint venture in Brazil, has completed the acquisition of Genetiporc do Brasil LTDA, Génétiporc's Brazilian joint venture.
Novus Forum Focuses on Protease Use in Animal Feed Industry
THAILAND - Leading animal protein producers from the Southeast Asia Pacific Region recently gathered to work on the best model for using enzymes in animal diets at the Novus Forum-Enzyme Summit.
CID Lines at IPPE in Atlanta: a Success Story
US - CID Lines, with its international colleagues, was present at IPPE in Atlanta.
Healthier Pigs for Farm and Fork
UK - A Swedish Nucleus Hampshire population has been bred to be more robust when dealing with disease challenge, explains JSR Genetics, thus meeting growing demand for pork while minimising the risk of the development of antibiotic resistance.
Osborne Introduces New Feed Hopper Extension
US - Osborne Industries has announced the development and release of a new hopper extension for their FIRE (Feed Intake Recording Equipment) pig performance testing feeder.
Results of Absolute Rod Trial at Wyandot Pork
US - Results of trial with Absolute AI rods at Wyandot Pork by Ben Zientec, sow herd supervisor.
Market Reports

China Wholesale Prices - 24 February 2014
Irish CSO Reports: Output, Input and Income in Agriculture - Preliminary Estimate 2013
BPEX Export Bulletin - Week 8
USDA Cold Storage - 21 February 2014
USDA Livestock Slaughter - 20 February 2014
USDA Outlook for US Agricultural Trade - 20 February 2014
BPEX Export Bulletin - Week 7

Global Pig Industry News

   United States

Understanding PED Virus Survival
US Senators Call for Japan to Eliminate Tariffs
Panel Addresses Hidden Camera Investigation at Kentucky Hog Farm
Hog Outlook: Margins Boosted by Higher Pork Retail Price
SKIPPY Helps Hormel to Record First Quarter
Japan Offer on TPP Unacceptable to US Agriculture
PED Update in US: Two More States Report Positive Virus Tests
Pork Lovers Encouraged to Share Their Love of Pork
CME: Impact of US, Canada PED Situation on World Pork Markets
CME: Beef Exports off to Slow Start, Concerns over PED
Shrinking Consumer Disposable Income May Threaten Pork Demand
Study Investigates Feed Route as Source of PED Virus
Pork Commentary: US Hog Market Strengthens

   European Union

MEPs Criticised on Vote to Impose Animal Health, Welfare Inspection Costs
Food Authority Criticised for Bacillus Safety Tests
Campylobacter and Salmonella Cases Falling Across Europe
Pork Market Impact of African Swine Fever in Poland
EU Pig Markets Getting Steadier
Farmers Call for Policy Reform to Respect 2013 Agreements

   Malta

Maltese Meat Production, Value Down in Fourth Quarter of 2013

   Ireland

Value of Irish Meat, Livestock Rises

   Russian Federation

Russia Reports More African Swine Fever Cases in Volgograd Oblast
Tula, Bryansk Report More African Swine Fever in Wild Pigs
Further Cases of FMD in South Eastern Russia
Two More Wild Boar with African Swine Fever in Tula
More Wild Boar Found Dead in Rostov
Russia Reports First FMD Outbreak of 2014

   Canada

Board Confident Main Source of PED Virus in Ontario Stopped
Canadian Team Defends Interest in COOL Dispute at WTO
PED Update: Three Provinces Affected, Feed Poses Infection Risk
Healthy Pigs in Quebec Found to Harbour Rotavirus A
Provincial Government Supports Efforts against PED
No New Cases of PED in Manitoba
Truck Washing Should Control PED Spread in Canada
Evidence Suggests PED Can be Eliminated
CFIA to Conduct Feed Tests over PED Spread
Biosecurity Helps Guard Swine Barns from PED
Maple Leaf to Focus on Packaged Meats Business

   South Korea

FMD NEWS: South Korea Offers Aid to North Korea to Contain FMD
Korea Bans Pork Imports from Poland over African Swine Fever

   Brazil

Brazil Reports Drop in Pork Exports, Volume in January 2014
Areas with Pasture Reduce But Yield Increases

   United Kingdom

Wide Gap Between DAPP and Spot Prices
Advice to Help Grow Your Business at 2014 British Pig & Poultry Fair
China Accounts for 22 Per Cent of UK Pork Exports
FMD Anniversary Highlights Risks of Feeding Swill to Pigs
Prospects Improving for UK Pig Producers
New Data Source for UK Meat Producers
Major Scottish Deal for Rattlerow, Karro Food Group

   Belarus

Belarus Blocks Polish Pork Products

   China

China Announces Pork Purchase Scheme

   New Zealand

Pork Industry Pushes for Country of Origin Labelling

   Global

Russia, European Union Discuss Pork Import Ban
UK Pig Meat Company Sets Its Sights on China
Rosy Prospects for UK, EU Meat and Dairy Sectors

   Poland

African Swine Fever Virus Detected in Poland

   Mexico

IPVS Organisers Extend Abstract Submission

   Denmark

Danish Pig Count Rises

   France

CIRAD Software Reduces Antibiotic Use

Events/Promotions

The Drost Project - A Visual Guide to Porcine, Pig Reproduction.
Biomin - Mycotoxins
Novartis Animal Health - Ileitis Guide
Sow Farm Manager – Based In Russia - Gvardia LLC
5m Farm Supplies
VIV India 2014
VIV Europe 2014
6th European Symposium of Porcine Health Management

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Absolute Swine - The Safest, Fastest and Most Effective Hydraulic Intrauterine Insemination Catheters / Pipettes for Swine
Denagard - The right choice
Circovac - Vaccines against PCV2 and PMWS.
MSD Animal Health - It's a New Day for Animal Health

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