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ThePigSite Newsletter - 14 April 2014

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Monday 14th April 2014.
Jackie Linden - ThePigSite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor

Big Dutchman


Novus International


Boehringer Ingelheim

Absolute Swine

Novartis Animal Health

MSD Animal Health


Counting the Cost of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea

For the six-month period September 2013 to February 2014, piglet losses in the United States from Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED) have been estimated at 2.7 million or just under five per cent.

Basing his calculations on the latest USDA 'Hogs and Pigs' report, Chris Hurt, Extension Economist at Purdue University, summed up the situation saying "PEDv losses were not as large as expected". Previous forecasts from other sources had put the losses much higher.

Based on the the actual number of pigs per litter compared with the adjusted trend, Professor Hurt calculated piglet losses of about two per cent for the September-November quarter and seven per cent for December-February, confirming that PEDv had its greatest impact during the winter months, which were exceptionally cold this year.

Losses have not been were not consistent across all states, according to Professor Hurt. Hardest hit have been Ohio, Missouri, Colorado, North Carolina, Oklahoma and Michigan, with losses between 10 and 21 per cent. PED appears to have brought more moderate losses of two to six per cent in Iowa, Kansas, Indiana, Illinois and Nebraska.

Looking ahead, he forecasts April and May hog supplies down three per cent and summer supplies down about four per cent. Higher winter farrowings and heavier slaughter weights have mitigated the losses to some extent.

Hog and pork prices are still so high that they seem unjustified by current USDA inventory numbers, according to Professor Hurt. He predicts hog prices and lean futures to remain unsettled and potentially very volatile over the coming months.

Also in the US, Senator Al Franken of Minnesota has urged the USDA to step up efforts to prevent further PED outbreaks, particularly in helping producers to detect the virus in their herds and to develop countermeasures such as drugs and vaccines to battle the virus. He also called for relief to producers already hit by the virus.

The first PED outbreak has been confirmed in the state of Virginia.

From South Dakota State University comes advice on pig manure handling to reduce the risk of spreading the PED virus.

In Canada, three new outbreaks of PED have been confirmed in Ontario in the last week, bringing the total to 50 in that province.

PED fears have spread beyond North America. China has suspended imports of live pigs from the United States.

In Japan, PED outbreaks have been confirmed in 21 prefectures. The price of pork there has not been affected.

The agriculture ministry in Brazil has announced further sanitary measures on imported pigs to keep PED out of the country. These include new regulations of pig imports and a recently opened quarantine facility. A ban on pigs and porcine plasma from the US is not currently under consideration.

Owing to a public holiday in the UK next Monday, the next issue of ThePigSite newsletter will be out on Tuesday 22 April.


Altresyn® - Making good even better

Altresyn® - Making good even better

Ceva’s expertise in the field of swine reproduction was put to the test with the introduction of Altresyn® in Denmark. With an average of 28.8 sold pigs per sow each year Danish producers lead the world in terms of production efficiency. So how could this be improved?

Ceva’s recently ran a trial on one of Denmark’s best managed farms in the country with 1200 sows. During the trial, 93% of sows and gilts were mated and 94.5% of those animals mated within three days. This increased concentration of mating had a very significant impact on production. The number of weaned pigs per week increased from 716 to 753 and two additional lactation days were recorded as the capacity in farrowing sections was better used. This new way of managing where gilts are mated at 240 days instead of 259 also resulted in the average intake of feed units per gilt per year being reduced by 50 FU.

High productivity is the key to feeding a growing population and to do this in a sustainable way. Scientists have calculated that a 0.1% improvement in the feed conversion results in 7% lower greenhouse gas emissions, making this work with Altresyn® important not only for the profitability of Danish producers but also for the benefit of our environment.


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This Week's Articles and Analysis

Practical Time and Temperature Options to Curb Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea Virus in Pig Vehicles
Having established that the Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED) virus could be transmitted in pig trailers, Iowa State University researchers found that only two options worked to clean the trailer effectively - heating to 160°F for 10 minutes or leaving it sit empty at 68°F for seven days.

Potential for Understanding Anti-bacterial Resistance
Biologists could gain a deeper understanding about how species have evolved – and even find ways to address antibiotic resistance – using tools that were developed recently at Stockholm's KTH Royal Institute of Technology.

Sow Lameness: Being Aware and Taking Action
On-farm monitoring of sows will contribute to earlier detection of lameness, which is key to minimising losses, Prairie Swine Centre's Yolande Seddon told the 2014 Centralia Swine Research Update.

Investigating and Mitigating the Causes of Foam Accumulation on Swine Manure Deep Pits
Manure pits that foam are more biologically active and have a lower content of volatile fatty acids and a higher rate of methane production than non-foaming pits, report Daniel Andersen and others in the Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 2014.

Effects of Low-, Medium- and High-Oil DDGS on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Fat Quality in Finishing Pigs
Each one per cent of oil increased the Digestible Energy (DE) in Dried Distillers Grains with Solubles (DDGS) by 28kcal per pound, researchers told delegates at the 2013 Kansas Swine Day.

Silent Disease Leads to Lameness and Lost Production
Osteochondrosis affects pigs as early as one month of age and the threat continues up to five months of age, making it a critical factor in gilt development, according to Zinpro.

Can Meat be Transported at Higher Temperatures than in Regulations?
Meat can be transported at temperatures higher than the current maximum of 7°C without causing additional bacterial growth, provided that specific maximum transport times are applied and bacterial growth is controlled by efficient chilling.

Investigation of Potentially Pathogenic Bacteria Involved in Neonatal Piglet Diarrhoea
Danish research reveals that scouring (diarrhoea) in young piglets may be caused by the simultaneous colonisation of the gut by adherent non-ETEC E.coli and Enterococcus spp. bacteria.

Company News

Novartis Launches Strenzen for Treatment of Respiratory, Enteric Diseases in Pigs
SWITZERLAND - Novartis Animal Health has announced the launch of Strenzen® (amoxicillin, clavulanic acid), an oral water medication for pigs containing a combination of amoxicillin trihydrate (500mg per g) and potassium clavulanate (125mg per g) in ratio of 4:1.
Sow Pregnancy Rates Compared: ASIC versus Foam Catheters
THAILAND - Sow pregnancy rates were higher using a catheter from Absolute Swine Insemination Company (ASIC) than a conventional foam-tip catheter, according to K. Kaeoket, D. Laohasinnarong and P. Chanapiwat of Mahidol University.
Irish President Visits Benchmark Holdings Farm
UK - The President of Ireland, Michael D Higgins and Sabina Higgins have visited a leading sustainable farming research and innovation centre, the Food Animal Initiative (FAI), in Oxford, as part of a landmark state visit to the UK.
Govt Invests in Strategy to Make UK Farming Competitive, Sustainable
UK - The Government has made £90 million available for UK centres for innovation as part of its strategy to make UK farming more competitive, productive, resilient and sustainable. The British Pig & Poultry Fair will be discussing if pigs and poultry want their share for a monogastric centre of innovation.
Old Pond Publishing Joins 5m Publishing
UK - International media business, 5m Publishing - part of Benchmark Holdings plc - has announced their successful acquisition of Suffolk-based agriculture and machinery specialist, Old Pond Publishing.
New Pig Sector Website for Spanish Readers
GLOBAL - A new web site covering the pig sector for Spanish readers has been launched by 5m Publishing.
Can AIAO Breeding Practices Break the Lifecycle of PEDV?
US - With the aim to break the lifecycle of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED) virus in breeding units without the use of drugs or non-existent vaccines, Mark Anderson of Absolute Swine Insemination Co. (ASIC) has set up a discussion group for pig producers, veterinarians and others involved in the sector.
Market Reports

BPEX Export Bulletin - Week 15
China Wholesale Prices - 11 April 2014
GB Animal Feed Statistical Notice - February 2014
China Wholesale Prices - 10 April 2014
USDA GAIN: Republic of Korea Livestock and Products Semi-annual 2014
AHDB Pig Market Weekly - 10 April 2014
USDA WASDE - 9 April 2014
Dairy Australia - Hay and Grain Prices - Week Ending 4 April 2014
China Wholesale Prices - 9 April 2014

Global Pig Industry News

   United States

CME: USDA Lowers US Pork Export Estimates
Updated Advice on Lidocaine for Pain Relief in Pigs
Hog Outlook: US Pork Exports up in February
Voluntary Withdrawal of Antimicrobials for Use in Food-Producing Animals
Farmers Union's Statement on Safe, Accurate Food Labeling Act
CME: Dramatic Rise in Beef, Pork Products
Hog Futures: April Hog Futures Closed Higher Thursday
First PED Outbreak Reported in Virginia
PED Hits West Michigan, Kills Thousands of Piglets
Hog Futures: June Lean Hogs Closed up Wednesday
CME: Meat, Poultry Prices Continue to Rise Faster than General Inflation Rate
Japan Must Eliminate Tariffs, Says Pork Producers Council
Cargill Sees Earnings Dip
US Food Prices Heading Downwards
USDA Supply, Demand Report: Friendly for Corn, Soybeans; Bearish for Wheat
AFIA to Host Historic Feed Industry Conference
Pig Manure Hauling Precautions Advised
Senator Presses USDA to Act Quickly on Spread of PED
Hog Futures: June Lean Hogs Closed Down Tuesday
Red Meat Exports Remain Strong in February
Wyckoff's Weekly Livestock Outlook: Hog Prices Lower
Hog Futures: Lean Hogs Closed Up on Monday
Hog Slaughter Numbers Slide But Export Data Offer Good News
PEDv Losses Not As Large As Expected
NFU Names Senate Ag Appropriations Priorities
Pork Commentary: Hog Market Continues to Defy Gravity

   United Kingdom

UK Pig Industry Discusses Threat of Exotic Diseases
Freedom Food Launches New Online Suppliers Directory
Green Party Prioritises Action against 'Factory Farming', Live Animal Exports
UK Spot Base Pig Price Firm at 168p
No Fall in UK Farm Standards Despite Red Tape Cut
Remember Training on Emergency Pig Euthanasia
Sales Increase of 12 Per Cent for Cranswick
Kendall Appointed Chair for Agriculture Development Board
AHVLA Reports Oedema Disease, Pleurisy and PRRS in January 2014


Agriculture's Greenhouse Gas Emissions on the Rise
Overcoming Information Gaps in Africa’s Livestock Sector Essential
China Suspends Imports of Live Pigs from US on PED Fears
African Swine Fever Risk Level Raised


Pork Producers Advised to Get Familiar with New Pig Movement Rules
Pork Producers Hopeful Tentative Agreement Ends Ban on New Barns
PED Outbreak Count in Ontario Reaches 50
Lessons Learned from Producers in PED-infected Areas
Stepped-up Biosecurity Credited with Keeping Saskatchewan PED-free
Increased Dietary Fibre Helps Reduce Aggression Among Group Housed Sows
Canada: Hog Markets


Welfare Inspections Ahead for Danish Pig Farms

   Russian Federation

Russian Pig Prices Break Records as Importers Choose Not to Switch Suppliers


Poland Looks to Asia to Export Pork


Ministry Takes New Measures to Keep PED out of Brazil
Production Costs of Pigs, Broilers Fall in Early 2014


Chinese Pork Firm Launched $5.3-Billion IPO in Hong Kong


Plants Host Pathogenic Bacteria from Livestock Farming
Wageningen University Finds Ways to Combat Food Fraud
West-African Livestock Farming Offers Opportunities for Dutch Industry

   European Union

Drought Measures, Milk Quotas on EU Ag Committee Agenda
Lords Call for EU Action on Food Waste
Agriculture MEPs Support Promotion of EU Farm Produce
EU Pig Price Quotations Going up
Ministers Concerned about Russian Pig Meat Trade Ban
EU Challenges Russia over Pork Import Ban


Armenia Shows High Risk of African Swine Fever


More PED Outbreaks in Japan; Pork Market Not Affected
Japan Orders Strict Measures Against PED Virus


Emerging Diseases to Feature at World Pig Vet Congress


UK Beef, Pork and Lamb Star in Singapore


Single-dose PCV2 Vaccine in Sows Induces Transfer of Antibodies


New Regulations Come into Force to Reduce Antibiotic Use


Malta's Pig Population Increased in 2013


The Drost Project - A Visual Guide to Porcine, Pig Reproduction.
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Novartis Animal Health - Ileitis Guide
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British Pig & Poultry Fair 2014 - 13-14 May Stoneleigh Park, Warwickshire
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