ThePigSite Pig Health
Navel Bleeding / Pale Pig Syndrome(375) At birth or within a few hours the piglet becomes extremely pale and in many cases dies. The condition arises in one of three ways:
- Anoxia or shortage of oxygen inside the womb during farrowing causes the piglet to pool its blood into the placenta. If it is born and the cord separated at this point, then it will be born very pale and anaemic. This picture is seen when piglets are delivered by hysterectomy and they are removed from the womb at a critical time before the piglet has time to recall its blood from the placenta. Affected piglets are more likely from old sows and in large litters.
- Pigs are sometimes born with a haemorrhage or a haematoma in the cord itself. The cause of this is unknown but in some cases it is related to premature removal of the piglet from behind the sow at farrowing. The blood vessels in the cord bleed.
- Continual bleeding from the navel during the first 3 to 4 hours after birth.
Fresh blood on the floor of the pen arising from the end of the navel is diagnostic.