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Disease / Welfare Problems - Stalls and Tethers

Condition/Problem and Welfare Failures
(725)

Abortion

  • Badly maintained concrete. Pools of urine
  • Decreasing daylight length
  • High air flow
  • Lack of boar contact
  • Lameness
  • Low feed levels
  • Low intensity of light
  • Low variable temperatures
  • Poor hygiene
  • Stressful environment
Abscess
  • Arthritis
  • Bad slats
  • Bursitis / trauma
  • Bush foot / trauma
  • Environmental trauma
  • Faulty vaccination
  • Poor concrete
  • Stalls too small
Arthritis
  • Leg weakness (OCD)
  • Slippery floors
  • Stalls to small
  • Trauma
  • Worn slats
Bursitis
  • Poor concrete surfaces
  • Trauma
Cystitis pyelonephritis
  • Frozen pipes.
  • Infrequent urination.
  • Lameness.
  • Once a day feeding.
  • Poor access to water.
  • Water shortage.
Hygroma
  • Poor concrete surfaces
  • Pressure sores
  • Trauma
Inability to express natural behaviour
  • Total individual confinement
Leg weakness (OCD) Lameness
  • See arthritis
  • Bush foot
  • New concrete or slats
  • Poor muscle tone
  • Poor selection of gilts
  • Poor slippery floor surfaces
  • Thin weak bones from lack of exercise
  • Worn slats
  • Young animals
Mastitis
  • Bad drainage
  • Poor hygiene
  • Solid gates in stalls
  • Trauma
  • Udder contamination
Neck and girth sores
  • Old worn-out or dirty tethers
  • Poor management
  • Tethers too tight, poor design
Overgrown distorted claws
  • Lack of exercise
  • Leg weakness factors
  • Slats wrong way, gaps too wide
  • Smooth surfaces
Prolapse rectum or vagina
  • Badly designed tail gates
  • Short standing area and a deep step
  • Slippery floors
  • Sloping floors
Shoulder sores
  • Poor concrete surfaces
  • Slippery floor surfaces
  • Thin animals
Slow farrowing
  • Lack of muscle tone
  • Old sows
Stereotypic behaviour
  • Boredom
Thin sow syndrome
  • Bullying
  • Disease (Cont.)
  • Draughts
  • Low feed intake
  • Mange
  • Parasite burdens
  • Poor environments (cold)
  • Poor nutrition
Vulval discharge
  • Build up of faeces behind the sow at the bottom of
  • the tail gate
  • Dirty weaning pens
  • Dirty wet boar pens

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