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Disease / WelfareProblems - Cubicles and Free Access Stalls

Condition/Problem and Welfare Failures
(727)

Abortion

  • Decreasing daylight length
  • High air flow.
  • Lack of boar contact
  • Lameness
  • Low feed levels
  • Low intensity of light
  • Low temperatures
  • Low stocking density
  • Poor building insulation
  • Stress
  • Trauma
Abscess
  • Arthritis
  • Bad slats
  • Bullying
  • Bursitis from trauma
  • Bush foot from trauma
  • Environmental trauma
  • Faulty vaccination
  • Fighting
  • Poor concrete
Aggression
  • A feature of cubicle houses
  • Establishment of pecking order
  • Uneven group mixing of sows
Arthritis
  • Bullying
  • Bush foot - poor concrete
  • Fighting
  • No bedding
  • Leg weakness (OCD)
Bursitis
  • Fighting
  • Bullying
  • Trauma
Bush foot
  • Bad slats
  • Concrete kerbs
  • Poor concrete surfaces
  • Trauma
Cystitis pyelonephritis
  • Frozen pipes
  • Leg weakness
  • Poor access to water
  • Slippery concrete surfaces
  • Sows reluctant to drink
  • Water shortage
Erysipelas
  • Straw systems
  • Wet feeding
  • Wet pens
Fear and distress
  • From bullying
  • Mixing sows
Haematoma
  • Vulval biting
Hygroma
  • Pressure sores
  • Trauma
Infertility
  • High return rate and "not in pig" from aggression
Leg weakness (OCD)

  • Poor slippery floor surfaces
  • Water available at the front
  • Wet dunging areas
  • Wet lying areas
  • Young animals Mastitis
    • No bedding
    • Poor concrete
    • Poor hygiene
    • Trauma
    • Wet pens
    Parasites
    • Continuous access to faeces.
    • Inability to remove faeces adequately
    Prolapse rectum or vagina
    • Badly designed tail gates
    • Slippery floors
    Shoulder sores
    • Poor concrete surfaces
    • Thin animals
    • Trauma as animals rise
    Thin sow syndrome
    • Disease
    • Draughts
    • Low feed intake
    • Low house temperatures
    • Parasite burdens
    • Poor environments
    • Poor nutrition
    Vulval biting
    • Occurs towards the latter end of pregnancy
    Vulval discharge
    • Dirty weaning pens
    • Dirty wet boar pens
    • Wet defecating areas
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