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Pig Journal Volume: 69
Publication date: May 2013

General Section

Practical on-farm solutions to tackle swine influenza
G. Sandri

Abstract
In Europe and Italy as well, Swine Influenza Viruses (SIVs) are endemic and are still considered major respiratory pathogens inducing acute disease in pigs. The author presents the results of a 10 year long Influenza Monitoring Programme in a large swine production system In Italy. Following a clear seasonal pattern, most of the observed outbreaks of Swine Influenza (SI) occurred in the autumn-winter season. In the production system described the clinical appearance of SI was mostly acute or epizootic. The prevailing serotypes are H1N1, H3N2 and recently also H1N2. Although rather obvious in its symptoms the correct diagnostic procedure for Swine Influenza, using a specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and virus isolation, requires the help of the laboratory. Aspirin and other Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are still the best therapeutic approach to treat affected animals. Antibiotic therapy is advised in case of concurrent bacterial infection. An ongoing surveillance programme is required to monitor the incidence of Influenza and the ever changing characterisation of serotypes on a regional, national and European Union (EU) basis.

 
 
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