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Disease Information
A PMWS update (Jake Waddilove)
National Pork Board PMWS Fact Sheet
About PDNS (Jake Waddilive)
CEI Emerging Disease Notices: PMWS / PDNS
Conference and meetings archive
Case Histories
Yorkshire Farm, UK - Mike Muirhead - Final Update, June 2002
Mike Muirhead's case history of a Yorkshire farm with PMWS and PDNS.
East Anglia Farm, UK - Philip Richardson
This paper charts the course and effects of the disease on a single herd as well as highlighting the economic impact.
Clinical signs
Photos of the clinical signs that are seen generally in pigs with PMWS and PDNS. Includes skin lesions, enlarged lymph glands, wasting and dead pigs.
Post mortem (1)
Photos of the signs that are seen in post-mortem samples of pigs with PMWS and PDNS. Includes interstitial pneumonia, secondary bacterial infection, enlarged lymph nodes, oedema and intra cytoplasmic inclusions
Post mortem (2)
More Photos of the signs that are seen in post-mortem samples of pigs with PMWS and PDNS.

PMWS Research Archives

Published Tuesday, April 03, 2012: Journal of Virological Methods, In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available online 3 April 2012
Development of Multiplex PCR for Simultaneous Detection of Six Swine DNA and RNA Viruses
Xin-Gang Xu, Guang-Da Chen, Yong Huang, Li Ding, Zhao-Cai Li, Ching-Dong Chang, Chi-Young Wang, De-Wen Tong, Hung-Jen Liu
Uniplex and multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and PCR protocols were developed and evaluated subsequently for its effectiveness in detecting simultaneously single and mixed infections in swine. Specific primers for three DNA viruses and three RNA viruses, including classical swine fever virus (CSFV), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), porcine pseudorabies virus (PRV) and porcine parvovirus (PPV) were used for testing procedure. A single nucleic acid extraction protocol was adopted for the simultaneous extraction of both RNA and DNA viruses. The multiplex PCR consisted with two-step procedure which included reverse transcription of RNA virus and multiplex PCR of viral cDNA and DNA. The multiplex PCR assay was shown to be sensitive detecting at least 450 pg of viral genomic DNA or RNA from a mixture of six viruses in a reaction. The assay was also highly specific in detecting one or more of the same viruses in various combinations in specimens. Thirty clinical samples and aborted fetuses collected from 4- to 12-week-old piglets were detected among 39 samples tested by both uniplex and multiplex PCR, showing highly identification. Because of the sensitivity and specificity, the multiplex PCR is a useful approach for clinical diagnosis of mixed infections of DNA and RNA viruses in swine.

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