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Published Saturday, December 01, 2012: Research in Veterinary Science, Volume 93, Issue 3, December 2012, Pages 1525-1530
PCV2 Induces Apoptosis and Modulates Calcium Homeostasis in Piglet Lymphocytes In Vitro
Yingjun Lv, Lei Dai, Huili Han, Shuxia Zhang
This study investigated the process of PCV2-induced apoptosis and the effect of PCV2 inoculation on calcium homeostasis in piglet lymphocytes in vitro. PCV2-inoculated lymphocytes exhibited chromatin condensation, chromatin segregation, the appearance of membrane-enclosed apoptotic bodies, and DNA fragmentation. Moreover, the proportion of apoptotic cells increased significantly in PCV2-inoculated lymphocytes compared with controls. These results demonstrate that PCV2 induces lymphocyte apoptosis. Some evidence suggests that an alteration in the intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) could cause apoptosis. We measured elevated [Ca2+]i in PCV2-inoculated lymphocytes for 12 or 24 h compared with controls. Our results support that PCV2-induced apoptosis may be relative to [Ca2+]i. In addition, calmodulin (CaM) was increased in PCV2-inoculated lymphocytes for 12 h compared with controls. The amount of CaM-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) did not change with PCV2 inoculation. We infer that the increased [Ca2+]i can bind CaM protein, but functions independently of CaMKII. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R)-1 mRNA expression increased with PCV2 inoculation, whereas plasma Ca2+-ATP4 mRNA expression decreased. A decreased Ca2+-ATP4 level may inhibit Ca2+ efflux, and the increased IP3R-1 may trigger Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum. Both of these changes may contribute to increased [Ca2+]i.


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