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Published Friday, December 21, 2012: Research in Veterinary Science - Available online 21 December 2012 In Press, Corrected Proof
Prevalence and Genetic Variation of Porcine Circovirus Type 2 in Taiwan from 2001 to 2011
Chun Wang, Victor Fei Pang, Fan Lee, Tien-Shine Huang, Shu-Hwae Lee, Yu-Ju Lin, Yeou-Liang Lin, Shiow-Suey Lai, Chian-Ren Jeng
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the major causative agent of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) in Taiwanese pig farms. We analyzed the complete genomes of 571 Taiwanese PCV2 isolates in Taiwan from 2001 to 2011 and divided the isolates into 2 distinct genotypes (PCV2a and PCV2b) with 6 clusters (1A, 1B, 1C, 2B, 2D, and 2E). Of the 571 Taiwanese PCV2 isolates, 22.9% (131/571) belonged to PCV2a and 77.1% (440/571) to PCV2b. In this study, PCV2a isolates were the most common in 2001, and then PCV2b isolates became predominate thereafter and widely distributed in pig farms since 2003. Sequence comparisons among the 571 isolates indicated that 89.6–100% had nucleotide identity for complete genome and 87.3–100% for open reading frames 2 (ORF2). The results suggest that a higher genetic variation and shift occurred among PCV2 isolates collected from 2001 to 2011 in Taiwan.

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