- news, features, articles and disease information for the swine industry

USDA Hogs and Pigs

28 December 2012

USDA Hogs and Pigs - December 2012USDA Hogs and Pigs - December 2012

The latest quarterly Hogs and Pigs report from the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).
USDA Hogs and Pigs


For a PRINTABLE VERSION of the full 16-page report in PDF format, including all the tabular data that is not shown in this article, please click here

USDA Quarterly Pigs and Hogs Report: December 2012

United States Hog Inventory Down Slightly

United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2012 was 66.3 million head. This was down slightly from December 1, 2011, and down 2 percent from September 1, 2012.

Breeding inventory, at 5.82 million head, was up slightly from last year, and up slightly from the previous quarter.

Market hog inventory, at 60.5 million head, was down slightly from last year, and down 2 percent from last quarter.

The September-November 2012 pig crop, at 29.4 million head, was up slightly from 2011. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.90 million head, down 1 percent from 2011. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 10.15 for the September-November period, compared to 10.02 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.60 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

Quarterly Hogs and Pigs Inventory – United States: December 1

United States hog producers intend to have 2.86 million sows farrow during the December 2012-February 2013 quarter, up slightly from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2012, and up 1 percent from 2011. Intended farrowings for March-May 2013, at 2.93 million sows, are down 2 percent from 2012, but up slightly from 2011.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 47 percent of the total United States hog inventory, up from 45 percent last year.


All inventory and pig crop estimates for March 2011 through September 2012 were reviewed using final pig crop, official slaughter, death loss, and updated import and export data. Based on the findings of this review, an adjustment of less than one and one half percent was made to the June 2012 total inventory. An adjustment of less than one half of one percent was made to the September 2012 total inventory. An adjustment of more than two percent was made to the March-May 2012 pig crop.

What the commentators and industry thinkers read into this data:

Ron Plain Ron Plain
Ron Plain on the Hogs and Pigs Report
USDA's latest Hogs and Pigs Report said the market hog inventory was down a tiny 0.04% at the start of December and the breeding herd was up 0.2%, writes Ron Plain and Scott Brown.

Steve Meyer Steve Meyer, Paragon Economics, Inc
Hogs & Pigs Report a Bearish Surprise
Economist Steve Meyer writes, "USDA's December Hogs and Pigs report was a bit of a bearish surprise as virtually every number was larger than what was expected, on average, by analysts surveyed before the report’s release."

Jim Long Jim Long
Pork Commentary: USDA 1 December Hogs and Pigs Report
USDA released its 1 December Hogs and Pigs last Friday. We were surprised by the numbers. Breeding Herd and Market numbers the same as a year ago?" writes Jim Long.
Lee Schulz Assistant Professor Lee Schulz, Iowa State University
Lee Schulz on the December 2009 Hog and Pig Report
USDA released the Quarterly Hogs and Pigs report December 28 with estimates of December 1 inventories. Much discussion leading up to the report called for a decline in inventory numbers as a result of this year’s cost levels and significant red ink. Somewhat surprising to many, was that the report told us that the reduction has been very minimal and actually there has been a little bit of expansion of the breeding herd, writes Lee Schulz, Iowa State University.

More to follow soon...

In The News - What The Media Says

More to follow soon.....

Quarterly Litter Rate – United States


Pigs per Litter by Size of Operation – United States: September-November 2012


Quarterly Sows Farrowed – United States


Quarterly Pig Crop – United States

Reliability of 1 December Hogs and Pigs Estimates

To review this information, including the Survey Procedures, Estimation Procedures, Revision Policy and Reliability, please download the PDF.

Quarterly Hogs and Pigs Report, December 2012 - USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service

December 2012

DOWNLOAD REPORT:- Download this report here

Our Sponsors


Seasonal Picks

Animal Welfare Science, Husbandry and Ethics: The Evolving Story of Our Relationship with Farm Animals - 5m Books