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USDA Hogs and Pigs


27 December 2013

USDA Quarterly Hogs and Pigs - 27 December 2013USDA Quarterly Hogs and Pigs - 27 December 2013


USDA Hogs and Pigs

 

United States Hog Inventory Down 1 Percent

United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2013 was 65.9 million head. This was down 1 percent from December 1, 2012, and down 2 percent from September 1, 2013.

Breeding inventory, at 5.76 million head, was down 1 percent from last year, and down 1 percent from the previous quarter.

Market hog inventory, at 60.2 million head, was down 1 percent from last year, and down 2 percent from last quarter.

The September-November 2013 pig crop, at 29.3 million head, was down slightly from 2012.  Sows farrowing during this period totalled 2.88 million head, down slightly from 2012. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 10.16 for the September-November period, compared to 10.15 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 8.00 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

United States hog producers intend to have 2.83 million sows farrow during the December 2013-February 2014 quarter, up 1 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2013, and up slightly from 2012. Intended farrowings for March-May 2014, at 2.86 million sows, are up 1 percent from 2013, but down 3 percent from 2012.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 48 percent of the total United States hog inventory, up from 47 percent last year.

Revisions

All inventory and pig crop estimates for March 2012 through September 2013 were reviewed using final pig crop, official slaughter, death loss, and updated import and export data. Based on the findings of this review, an adjustment of less than one half of one percent was made to the March 2012 total inventory and an adjustment of less than two and one half percent was made to the December 2011-February 2012 pig crop.

An adjustment of less than one and one half percent was made to the June 2012 total inventory and an adjustment of less than one and one half percent was made to the March-May 2012 pig crop. An adjustment of less than one and one half percent was made to the March 2013 total inventory and an adjustment of less than three and one half percent was made to the December 2012-February 2013 pig crop. An adjustment of less than two and one half percent was made to the June 2013 total inventory. An adjustment of less than two percent was made to the September 2013 total inventory. An adjustment of more than three and one half percent was made to the March-May 2013 pig crop.

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