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USDA Bi-Weekly International Meat, Poultry & Egg Review


15 June 2015

USDA Bi-Weekly International Meat, Poultry & Egg Review - 15 June 2015USDA Bi-Weekly International Meat, Poultry & Egg Review - 15 June 2015


International Trade Highlights: US Mechanically Separated Chicken (MSC) Export Update Based on data, US exports of mechanically separated chicken (MSC, HS1602320035) from January-April 2015 totaled 19,542 MT, 8% higher than January-April 2014 (18,391 MT) and 42% higher than January-April 2013 (14,481 MT). The leading export destination of MSC by volume from January-April 2015 was the Philippines with 4,375 MT followed by the Dominican Republic (3,827 MT), Guatemala (3,611 MT), Colombia (2,285 MT), and Panama (1,293 MT).

In April 2015, the US exported 4,252 MT, -18% less than March 2015 (5,174 MT) and - 8% than in April 2014 (4,601 MT). MSC exports in April 2015 were as follows: Philippines (738 MT), Dominican Republic (875 MT), Guatemala (1,164 MT), Colombia (510 MT), and Panama (352 MT). The US exported a total of 15,290 MT of MSC in the first quarter of 2015, -31% lower than fourth quarter 2014 (22,124 MT) and 11% higher than first quarter 2014 (13,791 MT). Quarterly exports of MSC were as follows: Philippines (3,637 MT), Dominican Republic (2,952 MT), Guatemala (2,447 MT), Colombia (1,776 MT), and Panama (941 MT).

In 2014, the US exported a total of 68,640 MT of MSC, 22% higher than 2013 (56,494 MT) and 78% higher than 2012 (38,630 MT). The top destinations of US MSC exports by volume in 2014 were the Dominican Republic (14,486 MT), Philippines (13,393 MT), Mexico (11,332 MT), Guatemala (9,204 MT), Panama (3,788 MT), Honduras (2,986 MT), Trinidad and Tobago (1,001 MT), Barbados (958 MT), and Spain (716 MT). The US exported a total of $14,811,000 worth of MSC from January-April 2015, 1% higher than 2014 ($14,656,000) and 20% higher than 2013 ($12,358,000). In April 2015, the US exported a total of $3,318,000, -15% lower than in March 2015 ($3,900,000) and -10% than April 2013 ($3,673,000). In 2014, the US exported a total of $54,023,000 worth of MSC from January-December, 15% higher than 2013 ($47,100,000) and 77% higher than 2012 ($30,479,000).

Recently, the USDA Agriculture Marketing Service (AMS) issued the Imported Meat Passed for Entry in The U.S. by Country. According to the data, the U.S. beef and veal imports during May rose 12.7 percent over April but fell 28.8 percent from May 2014 to 121,398 MT. The U.S. imported 46,969 MT of beef and veal from Australia during May, which was 16.2 percent higher than the previous month and was 35.9 percent higher than May 2014. Total year-to-date beef imports from Australia equaled 187,891 MT, 65.0 percent greater than last year. Australia was the primary beef import market into the U.S. with 36.4 percent of the total. Overall, the year-to-date beef and veal imports into the U.S. equaled 516,519 MT, 25.1 percent below the same period a year ago. During May, the U.S. imported 40,936 MT of pork, which was up 16.6 percent over the previous month and was up 6.3 percent over May 2014. The U.S. imported 33,147 MT of pork from Canada, which was 20.5 percent higher than April and was 11.6 percent higher than a year ago. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada were 11.7 percent above a year ago, amounting to 146,818 MT. Canada was the primary pork import markets into the U.S., with 77.1 percent of the total. Overall, U.S. total yearto-date pork imports were 18.7 percent more than the corresponding period a year ago, amounting to 190,484 MT. During May, lamb and mutton imports into the U.S rose 13.5 percent over the previous month to 8,869 MT. Also, this was 9.0 percent higher than May 2014. The U.S. imported 5,878 MT of lamb and mutton from Australia, who was the primary market with 70.2 percent of the total market. This was 11.3 percent higher than last month and was 10.8 percent higher than last year. Year-to-date lamb and mutton imports from Australia totaled 27,166 MT, 10.2 percent greater than a year ago. Overall, the year-to-date lamb and mutton imports into the U.S. totaled 38,682 MT, which was 10.4 percent above a year ago. During May, the U.S. poultry imports equaled 13,100 MT. This was 56.7 percent higher than the previous month and was 16.4 percent higher than May 2014. The U.S. imported 9,465 MT from Canada during May, which was 80.3 percent greater than April and was 11.0 percent greater than May 2014. Canada was the primary poultry import market to the U.S. with 70.6 percent of the total. Year-to-date poultry imports from Canada totaled 36,655 MT, 2.8 percent higher than a year ago. Overall, the U.S. year-to-date poultry imports equaled 51,883 MT, 7.0 percent above the same period a year ago. To obtain further U.S. import data, go to the website at http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/lswimpe.pdf.

Oceania: Recently, Australia’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF) issued Australia’s red meat export numbers for May 2015. According to the data, Australia’s lamb exports during May equaled 19,845 MT. This was relatively unchanged from the previous month but was down 3.3 percent from May 2014. Australia’s lamb exports to the Middle East during May rose slightly over April to 5,933 MT. Also, this was 13.2 percent higher than May 2014. Year-to-date lamb exports to the Middle East totaled 27,883 MT, 14.5 percent higher than a year ago. The Middle East was Australia’s primary lamb export market with 28.4 percent of the total. Lamb exports to the U.S. during May equaled 4,421 MT. This was 4.9 percent higher than the previous month and was 20.8 percent higher than May 2014. Total year-to-date lamb exports to the U.S. were up 12.4 percent over last year, amounting to 20,937 MT. During May, lamb exports to China totaled 2,512 MT. This was 7.1 percent less than the previous month and was 34.8 percent less than a year ago. Year-to-date lamb exports to China were 13.4 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 13,931 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date lamb exports equaled 98,302 MT, 5.1 percent above the corresponding period a year ago. In the meantime, Australia’s mutton exports during May fell 11.8 percent from April and fell 17.2 percent from May 2014 to 10,808 MT. During May, Australia exported 4,414 MT of mutton to the Middle East, which was up slightly over the previous month and was up 18.9 percent over May 2014. Year-to-date mutton exports to the Middle East totaled 23,866 MT, which was 2.1 percent less than last year. The Middle East was Australia’s main mutton export market with 35.3 percent of the total. Australia’s mutton exports to China during May totaled 1,535 MT. This was 42.3 percent lower than the previous month and was 53.6 percent lower than May 2014. Total year-to-date mutton exports to China were 33.5 percent below a year ago, totaling 14,154 MT. During May, Australia exported 1,278 MT of mutton to Malaysia. This was up 16.8 percent over the previous month and was up 11.7 percent over May 2014. Year-to-date mutton exports to Malaysia totaled 6,997 MT, 5.2 percent more than last year. Overall, Australia’s total year-todate mutton exports equaled 67,561 MT, 17.0 percent below the same period a year ago.

During May, Australia’s beef and veal exports rose 3.6 percent over April and rose 8.7 percent over May 2014 to 117,487 MT. Specifically, frozen beef exports equaled 83,041 MT, which accounted for 70.7 percent of the total. Fresh, chilled beef exports equaled 26,840 MT. Australia’s beef exports to the U.S. during May totaled 41,890 MT, which was 8.5 percent higher than the previous month and was 34.9 percent higher than May 2014. Total year-to-date beef exports to the U.S. equaled 186,160 MT, 50.6 percent greater than last year. The U.S. was Australia’s primary beef export market with 35.3 percent of the total. During May, Australia exported 24,795 MT of beef to Japan, which was up nearly 1.0 percent over the previous month but was down 5.5 percent from May 2014. Total year-to-date beef exports to Japan were 9.3 percent above a year ago, amounting to 117,262 MT. During May, beef exports to South Korea rose 7.5 percent over the previous month to 14,545 MT. Also, this was 15.9 percent higher than May 2014. Year-to-date beef exports to South Korea totaled 62,411 MT, 4.1 percent greater than a year ago. Total year-to-date beef exports to China were 7.8 percent less than last year, amounting to 54,968 MT. Overall, Australia’s total year-to-date beef and veal exports equaled 527,973 MT, which was 9.7 percent above the same period a year ago. To obtain further data on Australia’s red meat exports, go to the DAFF website at http://www.daff.gov.au/.

North America: The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently released April 2015 red meat export and import numbers for the U.S. According to the data, U.S. exports of beef and veal cuts and beef variety meats during April equaled 92,260 MT. This was 6.3 percent higher than the previous month but was 7.1 percent lower than April 2014. Specifically, fresh, chilled beef exports totaled 25,309 MT, which was up 5.8 percent over the previous month but was down 17.0 percent from April 2014. Frozen beef exports totaled 37,835 MT, which was up 11.4 percent over the previous month and was up 10.4 percent over April 2014. During April, the U.S. exported 25,936 MT of beef variety meats. This was 2.7 percent more than the previous month but was 13.8 percent less than April 2014. Total year-to-date beef variety meat exports equaled 99,923 MT, 10.5 percent below a year ago. During April, the U.S. exported 17,220 MT of beef to Mexico, which was 3.3 percent lower than March. Year-to-date beef exports to Mexico were 2.6 percent lower than a year ago, amounting to 73,800 MT. Mexico was the largest beef export market for the U.S. with 21.6 percent of the total. Beef exports to Japan during April rose 21.6 percent over the previous month to 22,625 MT. Total year-to-date beef exports to Japan equaled 70,974 MT, 5.5 percent higher than a year ago. During April, the U.S. exported 11,204 MT of beef to South Korea. This was up 16.1 percent over March. Year-to-date beef exports to South Korea totaled 38,827 MT, 3.6 percent more than last year. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal and beef variety meat exports equaled 341,920 MT, which was 9.2 percent below the same period a year ago.

During April, the U.S. exported 196,377 MT of pork cuts and pork variety meats. This was up 5.2 percent over the previous month and was up 3.5 percent over April 2014. More specifically, fresh, chilled pork exports equaled 63,385 MT, which was 3.2 percent higher than the previous month and was 5.1 percent higher than April 2014. Frozen pork exports equaled 85,520 MT, which was 23.9 percent higher than the previous month and was 20.2 percent higher than April 2014. U.S. pork variety meat exports during April fell 5.6 percent from the previous month to 33,974 MT. Also, this was down 18.6 percent from April 2014. Year-to-date pork variety meat exports totaled 149,219 MT, 8.0 percent below last year. Pork exports to Mexico during April fell 4.9 percent from March to 57,826 MT. Total year-to-date pork exports to Mexico equaled 234,467 MT, which was 8.0 percent higher than last year. Mexico was the leading U.S. pork export market with 33.0 percent of the total. During April, the U.S. exported 45,927 MT of pork to Japan. This was up 28.4 percent over the previous month. Year-todate pork exports to Japan were 11.1 percent less than last year, amounting to 149,849 MT. Total year-to-date pork exports to South Korea equaled 79,149 MT, 40.2 percent higher than a year ago. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date exports of pork cuts and pork variety meats equaled 710,938 MT, 6.8 percent below the corresponding period a year ago.

The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) recently released April 2015 red meat import numbers for the U.S. According to the data, U.S. beef and veal imports during April rose 6.8 percent over the previous month and rose 27.6 percent over April 2014 to 115,916 MT. More specifically, fresh, chilled beef imports totaled 38,398 MT, which was 21.8 percent higher than the previous month and was 25.1 percent higher than April 2014. Frozen beef imports totaled 73,410 MT, which was 53.1 percent higher than the previous month and was 27.2 percent higher than April 2014. U.S. beef imports from Australia during April rose 32.3 percent over March to 43,965 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from Australia were 72.7 percent more than a year ago, totaling 140,847 MT. Australia was the main source for U.S. beef imports with 34.5 percent of the total. During April, the U.S. imported 30,983 MT of beef from New Zealand, which was 10.1 percent higher than the previous month. Total year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand equaled 97,869 MT, 28.0 percent more than last year. Beef imports from Canada during April fell 7.3 percent from the previous month to 18,466 MT. Year-to-date beef imports from Canada were 6.3 percent more than last year, amounting to 71,662 MT. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date beef and veal imports reached 408,423 MT, which was 40.4 percent above the same period a year ago.

During April, the U.S. imported 37,872 MT of pork. This was 14.0 percent lower than the previous month but was 11.8 percent higher than April 2014. Specifically, imports of fresh, chilled pork equaled 21,808 MT, which was down 4.8 percent from the previous month but was up 5.6 percent over April 2014. Imports of frozen pork equaled 12,035 MT, which was up 14.2 percent over the previous month and was up 27.0 percent over April 2014. During April, pork imports from Canada fell 12.2 percent from March to 28,882 MT. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada equaled 123,366 MT, 23.9 percent higher than last year. Canada was the largest supplier of pork to the U.S. with 77.7 percent of the total. Pork imports from Denmark during April equaled 3,178 MT, which was 7.3 percent lower than the previous month. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark totaled 10,627 MT, 10.3 percent below a year ago. Overall, U.S. total year-to-date pork imports equaled 158,841 MT, which was 26.1 percent more than the corresponding period a year ago. To obtain further U.S. trade data, go to the FAS website http://www.fas.usda.gov/gats/.

On May 28, the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS) and USDA FAS released the quarterly Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade. According to the report, during the fiscal year (FY) 2015, U.S. exports of agricultural products are estimated at $140.5 billion. If realized, this would be the lowest level of exports since fiscal year 2012. This is down slightly from the prior forecast of $141.5 billion and is down 7.9 percent from 2014. Exports of livestock products during 2015 are expected to total $19.2 billion, unchanged from the previous forecast. Beef and veal exports during 2015 are forecast at 800,000 MT, unchanged from the prior estimate. The value of beef and veal exports is predicted to total $6.5 billion, which is the same as the previous forecast as a relatively strong dollar continues to constrain shipments. During 2015, U.S. pork exports are estimated at 1.6 MMT, unchanged from the February estimate. The value of pork exports is forecast at $4.8 billion, unchanged from the prior forecast. Beef and pork variety meat exports during 2015 are expected to total 900,000 MT, the same as the previous estimate. The value of variety meat exports is forecast at $1.9 billion, up from the previous forecast of $1.7 billion. Poultry export forecasts were reduced $100 million to $6 billion as a result of greater trade restrictions related to the ongoing highly pathogenic avian influenza situation in the US. In the meantime, during FY 2015, U.S. agricultural imports are estimated to value a record $117.0 billion, which is down from the prior forecast of $119.0 billion. However, this is 7.1 percent greater than 2014. During 2015, the value of livestock and meat imports is forecast at $14.1 billion, up from the prior estimate of $13.7 billion. Imports of cattle and calves during 2015 are predicted to total 2.3 million head, unchanged from the previous estimate. The value of those imports is placed at $2.6 billion. Tight supplies of processing meat support strong demand for imported lean beef and the strong dollar makes the U.S. an attractive market for competing buyers. Imports of live hogs are expected to total 5.1 million head, up from the previous forecast of 4.9 million head. The value of live hog imports during 2015 is forecast at $400 million, which is unchanged from the prior estimate. Beef and veal imports are estimated to total 1.1 MMT, up from the previous estimate of 1.0 MMT. The value is forecast at $6.6 billion, up from the previous estimate of $6.1 billion. During 2015, pork imports are forecast at 400,000 MT, unchanged from the February projection. The value is forecast at $1.3 billion, which is lower than the prior forecast of $1.5 billion. The entire report, which includes a world economic outlook and regional information, is available on the ERS website at http://www.ers.usda.gov/.

Pacific Rim: Recently, Japan’s Agriculture and Livestock Industries Corporation (ALIC) published Japan’s red meat import numbers for April 2015. According to the data, Japan’s beef imports during April rose 64.7 percent over March to 57,863 MT. Also, this was 26.5 percent higher than April 2014. Specifically, imports of frozen beef equaled 37,503 MT, which was 109.0 percent higher than the previous month and was 42.9 percent higher than April 2014. Imports of fresh, chilled beef equaled 20,338 MT, which was 18.5 percent higher than the previous month and was 4.8 percent higher than April 2014. Beef imports from Australia during April rose 131.5 percent over the previous month and rose 53.8 percent over April 2014 to 42,098 MT. Total year-to-date beef imports from Australia equaled 94,080 MT, which was 12.0 percent more than a year ago. Australia was the largest beef import market for Japan with 72.8 percent of the total. During April, Japan imported 12,914 MT of beef from the U.S. This was down 3.0 percent from the previous month and was down 9.2 percent from April 2014. Year-todate beef imports from the U.S. were 6.1 percent lower than a year ago, totaling 50,969 MT. During April, Japan imported 1,976 MT of beef from New Zealand. This was 9.5 percent more than the previous month but was 22.0 percent less than April 2014. Total year-to-date beef imports from New Zealand were 15.5 percent lower than last year, amounting to 7,554 MT. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date beef imports equaled 161,461 MT, which was 6.2 percent higher than the same period a year ago. During March, Japan’s beef marketings equaled 61,646 MT, which was down 8.3 percent from the previous month and was down 10.4 percent from a year ago. Marketings of imported beef totaled 33,427 MT, 13.3 percent lower than a year ago. Domestic beef marketings were up slightly over last year, amounting to 28,218 MT. At the end of March, Japan’s beef stocks equaled 127,418 MT. This was up 1.0 percent over the previous month and was up 18.9 percent over a year ago. Imported beef stocks were 24.6 percent more than a year ago, totaling 118,627 MT. Stocks of domestic beef equaled 8,791 MT, 26.8 percent less than last year.

Japan’s pork imports during April rose 11.9 percent over the previous month and rose slightly over April 2014 to 73,092 MT. More specifically, frozen pork imports totaled 45,193 MT, which was up 24.3 percent over the previous month and was up 1.2 percent over April 2014. Conversely, fresh, chilled pork imports were down 3.7 percent from the previous month and were down almost 1.0 percent from April 2014, amounting to 27,898 MT. Pork imports from the U.S. during April equaled 25,293 MT. This was 18.0 percent more than the previous month but was 1.9 percent less than April 2014. Year-to-date pork imports from the U.S. were 9.3 percent below last year, totaling 81,709 MT. The U.S. was the primary provider of pork to Japan with 34.6 percent of the total imports. During April, Japan imported 15,120 MT of pork from Canada, which was 16.5 percent lower than March but was 25.7 percent higher than April 2014. Total year-to-date pork imports from Canada equaled 53,525 MT, 12.4 percent more than last year. During April, Japan’s pork imports from Denmark rose 24.2 percent over the previous month but fell 26.1 percent from April 2014 to 9,736 MT. Year-to-date pork imports from Denmark totaled 32,481 MT, 26.4 percent lower than a year ago. Overall, Japan’s total year-to-date pork imports equaled 246,331 MT, 4.7 percent below the corresponding period a year ago. During March, Japan’s pork marketings rose 8.8 percent over the previous month to 140,770 MT. Also, this was up 4.0 percent over a year ago. Marketings of imported pork totaled 64,868 MT, 7.4 percent more than last year. Marketings of domestic pork were 1.2 percent higher than a year ago, equaling 75,902 MT. Japan’s pork stocks at the end of March equaled 178,592 MT, which was down a little from the previous month but was up 10.0 percent over a year ago. Stocks of imported pork totaled 161,927 MT, 15.3 percent higher than last year. Domestic pork stocks fell 23.7 percent from a year ago to 16,667 MT. Additional data on Japan’s red meat trade is available on the ALIC website at http://lin.alic.go.jp/alic/statis/dome/data2/e_nstatis.htm.

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