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USDA Hogs and Pigs

01 October 2012

USDA Quarterly Hogs and Pigs -  September 2012USDA Quarterly Hogs and Pigs - September 2012

USDA Hogs and Pigs


For a PRINTABLE VERSION of the full 16-page report in PDF format, including all the tabular data that is not shown in this article, please click here

USDA Quarterly Pigs and Hogs Report: September 2012

United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on September 1, 2012 was 67.5 million head. This was up slightly from September 1, 2011, and up 3 percent from June 1, 2012.

Breeding inventory, at 5.79 million head, was down slightly from last year, and down 1 percent from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 61.7 million head, was up slightly from last year, and up 3 percent from last quarter.

The June-August 2012 pig crop, at 29.3 million head, was down slightly from 2011. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.89 million head, down 1 percent from 2011. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 49 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 10.13 for the June-August period, compared to 10.03 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.60 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.


All inventory and pig crop estimates for June 2011 through March 2012 were reviewed using final pig crop, official slaughter, death loss, and updated import and export data. Based on the findings of this review, an adjustment of less than one percent was made to the December 2011 total inventory. An adjustment of less than one half percent was made to the March 2012 total inventory. An adjustment of less than one and one half percent was made to the September-November 2011 pig crop.

What the commentators and industry thinkers read into this data:

Ron Plain Ron Plain
Ron Plain on the Hogs and Pigs Report
USDA’s September hog inventory survey says the breeding herd was down 0.3% at the start of the month, but the market hog inventory was up 0.4%, writes Ron Plain.


Steve Meyer Steve Meyer, Paragon Economics, Inc
Pig Crop Report Verifies Cutbacks are Underway
Economist Steve Meyer writes, "USDA’s quarterly Hogs and Pigs Report released on Friday confirmed that the U.S. swine herd has likely begun to shrink, although the pace of that reduction is still in question."
Jim Long Jim Long
Pork Commentary: US Breeding Herd Liquidating
The U.S Breeding herd on September 1st dropped from 5,862 million sows on June 1st to 5,788 million. A decrease of 74,000. We expect most of the decline happened in July – August after the effects of the drought pushed feed prices to record levels. We expect the U.S herd is declining currently at about 8,000 per week, writes Jim Long.

Shane Ellis Shane Ellis, Iowa State University
September Hogs and Pigs Report
For the past two years there has been enough modest profitability to entice a cautious and slow expansion of the nation’s swine industry. The 2012 drought and resulting high cost of feed have changed that trend, write Shane Ellis and Lee Schulz.


More to follow soon...

In The News - What The Media Says

Reliability of September 1 Hogs and Pigs Estimates

To review this information, including the Survey Procedures, Estimation Procedures, Revision Policy and Reliability, please download the PDF.

Quarterly Hogs and Pigs Report, September 2012 - USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service

September 2012

DOWNLOAD REPORT:- Download this report here

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