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Garth Pig Stockmanship Standards

Stocking Densities

Section: Stockmanship Standards

Stocking Densities

Part Or Fully Slatted Houses

To comply with the 1994 Welfare of Livestock Regulations and EU 91/630

Stocking Densities
Minimum Total Space Required
(m2) (sq. feet)
<10 0.15 1.6
<20 0.20 2.2
<30 0.30 3.2
<50 0.40 4.3
<85 0.55 5.9
<110 0.65 7.0
>110 1.00 10.8

Straw finishing systems: Recommendation is 1.4 m2 (15 sq.ft) per 95kg liveweight

A 100 kg pig requires 0.93 m2 (10 sq.ft ) to ensure that it does not touch another pig - a requirement when it is too hot.


Individual living accommodation for an adult boar should have a floor area of not less than 7.5 m2 (81 sq.ft) or EU 6 m2 (64.4 sq.ft).
Pens used for living and service should not be less than 10 m2 (108 sq.ft) with the shortest side not less than 2.5 m (8 ft).
Boar pen divisions should not be less than 1.5 m (4ft 11 in) high.

Sows and Gilts

To maximise heat detection a floor space of 2.8 m2 (30 sq.ft) is recommended.
Minimum space recommended 2 m2 (22 sq.ft) at other times.

Farrowing Crates

The escape area around a farrowing crate should be 300 mm wide (12 in).
Heat mat minimum 0.6 m2 (4ft x 1.5ft).
Farrowing arc should have a floor area of 4.5 m2 (48 sq.ft)

Outdoor Production

15-25 sows per hectare (6 to 10 per acre).
Can be broken down to:
33 Service area, 27 Dry sow, 19 Farrowing per hectare.

Movement of pigs

235 kg/ m2 for transport. This is the EU 95/29 limit for 100 kg pig requirement.
281 kg/ m2 MLC guide line. Slope of 20° suggested for loading ramp.

Buy Pig Stockmanship Standards Extracted from Garth Pig Stockmanship Standards*
written by Dr John Carr.

You can buy this book HERE
*Published by 5M Enterprises Limited

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