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Garth Pig Stockmanship Standards

Tail Biting and Other Vices - Discomfort Syndromes

Section: Stockmanship Standards

Tail Biting and Other Vices

A Check List of Possible Causes

Discomfort Syndromes
  Area Of Concern Comment
1 Check stocking density  
2 Check tail length, in particular variability  
3 Check feed particle size (target > 500 ?m) which can lead to gastric ulcers and stress  
4 Ensure feed mycotoxins are kept to a minimum  
5 Check salt (NaCl) concentration in feed. If a problem increase to 0.9%. Check water supplies  
6 Check for evidence of a draught at pig heights (draught air speed > 50 feet/ min or 0.2 m/sec)  
7 Check air quality
(target - NH3 < 20 ppm, H2S < 10 ppm and CO2 < 3000 ppm)
8 Check humidity (target between 50 and 60%)  
9 Check light intensity and hours on and off.  
10 Check water supplies  
11 Check feeder space availability  
12 Check 24 hour temperature fluctuations  

Buy Pig Stockmanship Standards Extracted from Garth Pig Stockmanship Standards*
written by Dr John Carr.

You can buy this book HERE
*Published by 5M Enterprises Limited

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