Researchers Examine Salmonella Distribution in French Pig Herds30 December 2013
FRANCE - A study in Ploufragan reveals that most common serovars in pigs were Salmonella Derby and Salmonella Typhimurium and that they had different patterns of distribution between breeding and fattening herds.
The population of Salmonella found at various stages of pig production in France was characterised to analyse the distribution and spread of Salmonella in the pig production chain.
In a paper published in Veterinary Record, first-named author, Martine Denis of ANSES in Ploufragan and colleagues explain that they serotyped and genotyped by PFGE 174 isolates collected from breeding pigs from breeding farms, 163 collected from breeding pigs from production farms, and 325 collected from fattening pigs.
Forty-seven serovars and 110 genotypes were identified. The major serovars were S Derby (263 isolates) and S Typhimurium (162 isolates).
The percentage of S Derby isolates decreased slightly through the production system (44.3, 41.1 per cent and 36.5 per cent) and 79.1 per cent of the S Derby isolates were distributed in the five genotypes common to all three stages.
The percentage of S Typhimurium isolates was high for slaughter pigs (40.8 per cent) and 43 of the 46 S Typhimurium genotypes were only identified at this stage.
Distributions of S Derby and S Typhimurium between breeding and fattening pigs were different.
S Derby was found throughout the pig production pyramid, suggesting that this serotype may be transmitted by the transfer of animals between herds, according to Denis and colleagues.
They added that the presence of multiple S Typhimurium genotypes in fattening pigs suggests that there were many sources of contamination at this stage, with fattening pigs having higher levels of exposure and/or sensitivity to this serotype.
Denis, M., E. Houard, A. Fablet, S. Rouxel and G. Salvat. 2013. Distribution of serotypes and genotypes of Salmonella enterica species in French pig production. Vet. Rec. 173:370. doi:10.1136/vr.101901
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