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PED Update in US: First Confirmed Case in North Dakota

10 March 2014

US - The total number of farms that have tested positive for the Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea (PED) virus now stands at 4,106, writes Jackie Linden.

The National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN) reports 252 new cases this week (week ending 1 March 2014). The Service has modified some earlier totals, bringing the grand total of positive accessions to 4,106.

North Dakota also reported the first confirmed case of PED in the state this latest report, briging to 25 the number of states have reported at least one confirmed case of PED.


US states with PEDv-positive swine accessions

Pig Farms Testing Positive for PEDv: 4,106

The total number of pig farm samples (termed 'laboratory biological accessions' in the official report) that have tested positive for the PED virus (PEDv) since April 2013 now stands at 4,106, which is 252 more than the previous week.

For the current month to date, 3,366 farms have been tested, of which 1,155 or 34 per cent tested positive for the PEDv.

Since testing was fully reported in November 2013, 9,485 farms have been tested, of which 33 per cent have tested positive for the PED virus.


Figure 1. Number of swine farms positive for PEDv
(since April 2013; data from NAHLN)

Results by age class

Suckling pigs

For the current month to date, 434 farms have been tested, of which 221 were positive for PEDv.

Since testing was fully reported in November 2013, 1,190 farms have been tested, of which 827 tested positive for PEDv.

Nursery pigs

For the current month to date, 561 farms have been tested, of which 211 were positive for PEDv.

Since testing was fully reported in November 2013, 1,670 farms have been tested, of which 789 tested positive for PEDv.

Grower/finisher pigs

For the current month to date, 535 farms have been tested, of which 140 were positive for PEDv.

Since testing was fully reported in November 2013, 1,887 farms have been tested, of which 936 tested positive for PEDv.

Sows and boars

For the current month to date, 245 farms have been tested, of which 104 tested positive for PEDv.

Since testing was fully reported in November 2013, 627 farms have been tested, of which 397 tested positive for PEDv.

Unknown age class

For the current month to date, 1,701 farms have been tested, of which 519 tested positive for PEDv.

Since testing was fully reported in November 2013, 4,399 farms have been tested, of which 1,249 tested positive for PEDv.

Results by state

North Dakota also reported the first confirmed case of PED in the state this latest report, briging to 25 the number of states have reported at least one confirmed case of PED.

Those states with 40 or more positive tests are: Iowa, 1,413; Minnesota, 649; North Carolina, 456; Oklahoma, 312; Illinois, 271; Indiana and Kansas, 189; Ohio, 167; Pennsylvania, 61; Missouri, 59; Colorado and Michigan, 52; Nebraska, 48 and Texas, 40.

For the most recent week (week of 9 February), Iowa once again leads the 'league table' in the number of new positive results, accounting for 57 of the total of 252 new cases, followed by Minnesota (56), Illinois (26) and North Carolina (20).

Individual Pigs Testing Positive for PEDv: 12,721

The total number of individual swine samples (termed 'biological samples' in the official report) since testing began in June 2013 now stands at 13,653, which is 932 more than the previous report.

For the current month to date, 14,301 samples were tested, of which 4,101 or 29 per cent tested positive for PEDv.

Since testing was fully reported in November 2013, 38,662 farms have been tested, of which 28 per cent tested positive for PEDv.


Figure 2. Number of pig samples positive for PEDv
(since June 2013; data from NAHLN)

Environmental Samples Testing Positive for PEDv: 2,612

The total number of environmental samples testing positive since testing began in June 2013 now stands at 2,800, which is 188 more than the previous report.

For the current month to date, 3,411 samples were tested, of which 811 or 24 per cent tested positive for PEDv.

Since testing was fully reported in November 2013, 9,158 farms have been tested, of which 24 per cent tested positive.

States with positive environmental samples in the latest week (23 February; positive/number of samples tested) are Colorado (0/43), Iowa (71/209), Illinois (2/20), Indiana (1/22), Kansas (16/100), Minnesota (55/133), Missouri (5/8), North Carolina (17/65), Nebraska (5/27), Ohio (2/42), Oklahoma (10/73), South Dakota (1/1) and unknown (3/54).


Figure 3. Number of environmental samples positive for PEDv
(since June 2013; data from NAHLN)

Notes on the report

These data are collated by USDA APHIS VS NVSL National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN) and cited by the American Association of Swine Veterinarians (AASV) in a report dated 5 March 2014.

Veterinary diagnostic laboratories that have voluntarily reported PEDv testing data to NAHLN include: University of Georgia–Athens, University of Illinois, Iowa State University, Kansas State University, University of Minnesota, Nebraska Veterinary Diagnostic Center, Ohio Department of Agriculture, Purdue University, Michigan State University - Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health and South Dakota State University. This data does not include testing conducted at private diagnostic laboratories, at the NVSL, or for research purposes.

Data summaries provided in this report reflect the most current and complete data available at the time the report was prepared, and summaries in this report may differ from those provided in past reports.

Monitoring of PEDv testing started the week of 16 April 2013; April monthly totals include samples tested starting in that week.

USDA NAHLN began collating PEDv testing data on 16 June 2013. Weekly data prior to that date were provided by Iowa State University Diagnostic Laboratory. During the 2013 federal government shutdown, the University of Minnesota diagnostic collected and reported PEDv testing data (weeks of 22 September to 6 October 2013). Data from all sources are compiled in order to be as comprehensive as possible.

In general, a laboratory accession is a set of samples received at the laboratory where the samples were collected by a practitioner on a single premises on a single day. Therefore, each laboratory accession represents a single swine herd and each sample represents an individual animal tested for PEDvV on a given date. Because multiple swine within a herd are often simultaneously infected, analyses commonly use the laboratory accession as the epidemiological unit of interest.

Initially, some testing laboratories only provided data on PEDv-positive accessions and samples. Data on PEDV-negative accessions and samples became available from all laboratories starting November 2013. Therefore, summaries of the 'total number tested' (e.g. number of accessions tested or number of samples tested) were calculated for samples tested on or after 1 November 2013.

Age classes are defined as suckling (up to one month old or still on sow), nursery (one to three months), grower/finisher (three to eight months) and sow/boar (older than eight months).

This report does not currently include results of testing on feed samples.

This report only includes PCR testing data at this time, with addition testing types to be added to the report as information on the performance of new assays becomes available.

The format for this report is currently in transition as stakeholder feedback is incorporated.

 

Further Reading

Find out more information on PED by clicking here.

Jackie Linden

Jackie Linden



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