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EU Updates Control Measures on African Swine Fever

19 March 2014

African Swine Fever
Resource Centre

African Swine Fever Activity in area shown from January 2010 - PROMED/HealthMap

EU - Member States experts meeting yesterday, 18 March, at the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health endorsed revised control measures following the confirmation of African swine fever (ASF) cases in wild boar in Lithuania and Poland. They agreed to provide financial support to those two countries.

In total since the end of January, only four ASF cases have been identified in regions close to the Belarus borders. These cases are linked to the prolonged presence of ASF in the western regions of Russia and the introduction of the disease in Belarus.

These revised animal health measures identify three levels of risks for ASF and redefine the infected areas where ASF risks have been identified.

An EU Decision providing financial support amounting to €3.5 million for 2014 to combat the disease was also endorsed.

The new rules, that consolidate all existing national emergency preventive measures into one legal act, differentiate the zones by level of risk:

  • higher risk because of endemic disease in pigs and wild boar in Sardinia (Italy)
  • a re-demarcation of the infected area in Lithuania and Poland along borders with Belarus where the disease is present only in wild boar and
  • a buffer zone adjacent the infected area in Poland and Lithuania to further prevent the spread of the disease.

The restrictions applied depend on the level of risk:

  • very stringent restrictions in Sardinia,
  • general restrictions in live pigs, semen and pig meat in the infected area in Poland and Lithuania with sustainable and safe derogations if risk mitigation measures (testing, bio-security) are applied and
  • light restrictions applicable only to live animals accompanied by surveillance in the buffer zone.

The financing provided to Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland is for surveillance, biosecurity, targeted awareness campaigns, and compensation to farmers for early slaughtering and emptying low bio-security backyard farms at risk.

These control measures will apply until at least 31 December 2017.

More information on ASF control measure sis available at the EC Animal Health and Welfare web site.

ThePigSite News Desk

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