UK - A £20.5 million programme of research and training to tackle diseases that could pass from animals to humans has been funded by six UK partners.
Over the next five years the Zoonoses and Emerging Livestock Systems (ZELS) programme will fund 11 projects in developing countries in Africa, south Asia and south east Asia, bringing together expertise from the human and animal health sectors. In addition, £1.5 million of funding will give 15 students from the UK and developing countries doctoral training in ZELS-related research.
Zoonoses are diseases capable of passing from animals to humans and are estimated to have cost more than $20 billion in direct costs globally between 2000-2010, with a further $200 billion in indirect costs. As well as threatening human and animal health, zoonoses affect livestock production, causing economic and social harm to communities in developed and developing countries.
The programme is funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl), the Department for International Development (DFID), the Economic and Social Sciences Research Council (ESRC), the Medical Research Council (MRC) and the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC).
By bringing together world-class scientists from various disciplines and from around the globe, the programme aims to improve the health and well-being of animals, humans and the environment and, ultimately, enhance the lives of millions of people.
Dr Melanie Welham, BBSRC's Science Director, said: "Zoonoses not only threaten animal and human health, but have huge economic and social repercussions around the world.
"The ZELS programme will fund world-class research projects, using expertise from the UK and international partners, to address some of the critical challenges posed by zoonotic diseases. In addition, training doctoral students from the UK and developing countries will help create the skills needed for researchers to continue to tackle these damaging diseases."
Baroness Northover, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for International Development, said: "Smallholder farmers in the developing world who depend on their livestock to earn a living are hit twice by these diseases. Not only do they lose their income when animals become infected, they and their families are then at risk of becoming sick themselves.
"This new funding is an important step towards controlling the spread and reducing the impact of some of the most prevalent of these diseases. It will protect the livelihoods and the health of millions of families in the developing world and boost economic growth in eleven of the world's poorest countries."
The funded ZELS projects are:
- Looking at factors affecting transmission of zoonotic pathogens from livestock to people. Professor Sarah Cleaveland, University of Glasgow
- Zoonoses in Livestock in Kenya (ZooLINK). Professor Eric Fèvre, University of Liverpool
- Establishing a strategy to control brucellosis in dairy herds of West and Central Africa. Professor Javier Guitian, Royal Veterinary College.
- Developing the evidence base to control brucellosis in sub-Saharan Africa. Professor Daniel Haydon, University of Glasgow.
- Combating bird flu by developing new diagnostic tools and vaccines. Dr Munir Iqbal, The Pirbright Institute.
- An integrated approach for surveillance and control of zoonoses in emerging livestock systems. Professor Duncan Maskell, University of Cambridge.
- Controlling and monitoring emerging zoonoses in the poultry farming and trading system in Bangladesh. Professor Dirk Pfeiffer, Royal Veterinary College.
- Tackling Human African Trypanosomiasis on the edge of wilderness areas. Professor Stephen Torr, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine.
- Epidemiology and evolution of zoonotic schistosomiasis in a changing world. Professor Joanne Webster, Royal Veterinary College London.
- Controlling Bovine Tuberculosis in Ethiopia. Professor James Wood, University of Cambridge.
- Food safety hazards in emerging livestock meat pathways (HAZEL). Professor Ruth Zadoks, University of Glasgow.
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