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Update on Swine Enteric Coronavirus Disease in US

27 April 2015

US - The number of pig farm samples that are confirmed positive for porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus (PEDV) in the last week was 26, two premises were confirmed with porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) but one had the dual infection (PEDV and PDCoV). The first PED-positive farm has been reported in Maryland.

For the latest week – 12 to 18 April – there were 26 new confirmed positive premises for PEDV and three presumed positive, according to the latest report from USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS).

For the same period, two premises were confirmed and one presumed positive for PDCoV; one was confirmed positive but none presumed positive for the dual infection.

The total numbers of premises with confirmed positive status for the current week are 1,195, 55 and 46 for PEDV, PDCoV and the dual infection, respectively.

Since 5 June, for PEDV, there have been 1,274 confirmed positive premises, 424 presumed positive and 67 previously positive premises that have attained negative status.

For PDCoV, the total for the same period are 61, 29 and five, respectively. For the dual infection, the totals are 48, 27 and one, respectively.

Table 1. Number of swine enteric coronavirus disease (SECD) confirmed and presumptive positive
premises by month and production class

(includes PEDV, PDCoV and dual infections; confirmed/presumptive)
MonthNurseryWean to
finish
Farrow to
finish
FinisherSow/
breeding
Un-
known
Jun-14 21 / 13 31 / 17 14 / 8 24 / 28 47 / 46 13 / 52
Jul-14 25 / 12 39 / 8 6 / 5 21 / 15 35 / 14 13 / 30
Aug-14 15 / 8 17 / 8 2 / 5 25 / 10 12 / 7 11 / 18
Sep-14 17 / 5 21 / 7 2 / 3 31 / 9 30 / 6 6 / 12
Oct-14 4 / 4 30 / 7 4 / 0 37 / 16 11 / 3 5 / 7
Nov-14 7 / 1 19 / 3 3 / 0 45 / 6 13 / 10 14 / 7
Dec-14 19 / 1 45 / 2 12 / 4 62 / 8 21 / 4 8 / 4
Jan-15 20 / 3 72 / 7 9 / 0 74 / 12 19 / 1 40 / 5
Feb-15 16 / 1 48 / 2 6 / 0 59 / 6 17 / 1 32 / 2
Mar-15 15 / 3 42/ 0 6 / 1 29 / 1 11 / 0 19 / 1
Apr-15 3 / 0 1/ 1 0 / 0 5 / 1 1 / 0 0 / 0
Total 162 / 51 365 / 62 64 / 26 412 / 112 217 / 92 162 / 137

 

Table 2. Biological accessions tested and number positive by month
(since 5 June 2014)
 PEDVPDCoV
MonthTestedPositive% positiveTestedPositive% positive
Total before 5 June 2014 21,128 6,976 33.0 2,172 260 12.0
Jun-14 2,768 407 14.7 824 80 9.7
Jul-14 3,555 410 11.5 1,195 46 3.8
Aug-14 3,095 312 10.1 1,193 18 1.5
Sep-14 3,143 261 8.3 1,338 11 0.8
Oct-14 3,304 299 9.0 1,899 19 1.0
Nov-14 2,505 305 12.2 1,555 30 1.9
Dec-14 3,237 446 13.8 1,982 50 2.5
Jan-15 3,089 500 16.2 1,845 44 2.4
Feb-15 2,981 461 15.5 1,802 49 2.7
Mar-15 3,303 597 18.1 1,896 58 3.1
Apr-15 to date 1,802 302 16.8 1,033 15 1.5
Total since Jun-14 32,800 4,306 13.1 16,595 424 2.6
Grand total 53,928 11,282 20.9 18,767 684 3.6
5m Publishing
Figure 1. PED-positive biological accessions in the US, by week (since 5 June 2014)
5m Publishing
Figure 2. PDCoV-positive biological accessions in the US, by week (since 5 June 2014)

Location of Positive Premises

PEDV

There are currently 33 states with at least one confirmed positive case of PEDV.

Maryland has reported its first positive result in this week's report.

For the current week (12 April), there were 113 PEDV-positive laboratory accessions, bringing the total since 5 June 2014 to 4,308. Iowa reported 39 of these new cases, North Carolina 25 and Missouri 13.

Also reporting positive results in this most recent week were Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Utah and "unknown".

USDA APHIS
Figure 3. PEDV: Cumulative confirmed and presumptive PEDV-positive premises since 5 June 2014

PDCoV

There are currently 19 states with at least one confirmed positive case of PDCoV.

For the current week (12 April), there were four PDCoV-positive laboratory accessions, bringing the total since 5 June 2014 to 421. There was one positive premises in each of the following states: Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota and North Carolina.

USDA APHIS
Figure 4. PDCoV: Cumulative confirmed and presumptive PDCoV-positive premises since 5 June 2014

Dual infection with PEDV and PDCoV

There are currently 14 states with one or more confirmed positive cases of the dual infection with both PEDV and PDCoV.

Most-affected states with the dual infection are Iowa and Minnesota, with 19 and 10 confirmed positive results, respectively. APHIS has not updated the table giving the location of the new positive results this week.

USDA APHIS
Figure 5. Dual infection: Cumulative confirmed and presumptive positive premises with both PEDV and PDCoV since 5 June 2014

Critical notes about these data are provided at the end of the original report.

Further Reading

Find out more information on PED virus by clicking here
For more information on PDCoV by clicking here.

ThePigSite News Desk



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