ThePigSite.com - news, features, articles and disease information for the swine industry

News

Study shows that reducing the number of strains of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae reduces lung lesions

05 October 2017
Ceva

The importance of diversity of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) strains is not yet fully known. This study investigated the genetic diversity of M. hyopneumoniae strains in ten pig herds, and assessed associations between the presence of different strains of M. hyopneumoniae and lung lesions at slaughter.

by Annelies Michiels et al. published in Veterinary Research 

Download the full article here

Method 

Within each herd, three batches of slaughter pigs were investigated. At slaughter, from each batch, 20 post mortem bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples were collected for multiple locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA), and lung lesions (Mycoplasma-like lesions, fissures) were examined.

Multivariable analyses including potential risk factors for respiratory disease were performed to assess associations between the number of different strains per batch (three categories: one strain, two–six strains, ≥seven strains), and the lung lesions as outcome variables.

Results

In total, 135 different M. hyopneumoniae strains were found. The mean (min.–max.) number of different strains per batch were 7 (1–13). Batches with two–six strains or more than six strains had more severe Mycoplasma-like lesions (P = 0.064 and P = 0.012, respectively), a higher prevalence of pneumonia [odds ratio (OR): 1.30, P = 0.33 and OR: 2.08, P = 0.012, respectively], and fissures (OR = 1.35, P = 0.094 and OR = 1.70, P = 0.007, respectively) compared to batches with only one strain.

Summary

In conclusion, many different M. hyopneumoniae strains were found, and batches of slaughter pigs with different M. hyopneumoniae strains had a higher prevalence and severity of Mycoplasma-like lung lesions at slaughter, implying that reducing the number of different strains may lead to less lung lesions at slaughter and better respiratory health of the pigs.

See details of the Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae Hyogen one shot vaccine by Ceva here

ThePigSite News Desk


Share This

News By

Related News

More News

Our Sponsors

Partners


Seasonal Picks

The Commuter Pig Keeper - 5m Books