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ThePigSite Pig Health

Welfare and Disease Problems - Outdoors

Condition/Problem and Welfare Failures


  • Cold wet conditions
  • Draughts
  • Feed intake
  • Heat stress
  • Parasites
  • Poor nutrition
  • Season
  • Sunlight
  • Faulty nutrition
  • Frozen or inadequate water supplies
Clostridial infections
  • No vaccination
  • Exposure to the organism and failure to vaccinate
  • Fighting
  • Hot weather
  • Lack of adequate wallows
  • Lame boars
  • Overuse of boars (especially young ones)
  • Shortage of shade
  • Trauma to the boar's penis
Haemorrhage from the penis
  • Associated with the sandy soils
  • Bad feet
  • Flint land
  • Mycoplasma
  • Leg weakness (OCD)
  • Wet land
  • Associated with the constant exposure of sows to
  • contaminated wallows or water
  • Exposure to rodents
Loss of body condition
  • Associated with the leaner genotype that is used
  • as a terminal sire
  • Inadequate feed
  • Poor feed presentation
  • Poor parasite control
Mortality (piglets)
  • Bad management
  • Cannibalism
  • Crows
  • Foxes
  • Poor bedding
  • Poor environment
  • Sloping floors
  • Continual exposure to eggs and larvae particularly the stomach, nodular and lung worms
  • No worming programme
  • Old pastures
  • Lack of shelter
  • No wallows
  • White breeds

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