- news, features, articles and disease information for the swine industry


Complex Human Vaccination Strategy Needed in Case of Swine Flu Virus Pandemic

06 September 2013

UK - New research reveals that different vaccination strategies of the human population may be necessary according to age if swine influenza viruses were to emerge as a significant pandemic threat.

If swine influenza viruses emerge as a significant pandemic threat, different vaccination strategies of the human population may be necessary according to age, according to Katja Hoschler of Public Health England in London and co-authors there and and at World Health Organization National Influenza Centre in Madrid, Spain.

As reported in their paper in Eurosurveillance, they evaluated age-stratified sera collected in 2004, 2008 and 2010 in England for antibody to swine influenza A(H3N2) and A(H1N1) viruses from the United States or Europe as a measure of population susceptibility to the emergence of novel viruses.

Children under 11 years of age had little or no measurable antibody to recent swine H3N2 viruses despite their high levels of antibody to recent H3N2 seasonal human strains.

Adolescents and young adults (born between 1968 and 1999) had higher antibody levels to swine H3N2 viruses.

Antibody levels to swine H3N2 influenza show little correlation with exposure to recent seasonal H3N2 (A/Perth/16/2009) strains but with antibody to older H3N2 strains represented by A/Wuhan/359/1995.

Children had the highest seropositivity to influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus, and young adults had the lowest antibody levels to A/Perth/16/2009.

No age group showed substantial antibody levels to A/Aragon/RR3218/2008, a European swine H1N1 virus belonging to the Eurasian lineage.

After vaccination with contemporary trivalent vaccine, the researchers observed evidence of boosted reactivity to swine H3N2 viruses in children and adults, while only a limited boosting effect on antibody levels to A/Aragon/RR3218/2008 was observed in both groups.

Overall, they concluded their results suggest that different vaccination strategies may be necessary according to age if swine viruses emerge as a significant pandemic threat.


Hoschler K., C. Thompson, I. Casas, J. Ellis, M. Galiano, N. Andrews and M. Zambon. 2013. Population susceptibility to North American and Eurasian swine influenza viruses in England, at three time points between 2004 and 2011. Eurosurveillance. 18(36). 5 September 2013.

Further Reading

You can view the full report by clicking here.


ThePigSite News Desk

Share This

News By

Related News

More News

Our Sponsors


Seasonal Picks

The Commuter Pig Keeper - 5m Books