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Update on Swine Enteric Coronavirus Disease in US

13 April 2015

US - The number of pig farm samples that are confirmed positive for porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus (PEDV) in the last week was 48, one premises was confirmed with porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) but none had the dual infection (PEDV and PDCoV).

For the latest week – 29 March to 4 April – there were 48 new confirmed positive premises for PEDV and one presumed positive, according to the latest report from USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and made available by the American Association of Swine Veterinarians (AASV).

For the same period, one premises was confirmed and none presumed positive for PDCoV; none was confirmed or presumed positive with the dual infection.

The total numbers of premises with confirmed positive status for the current week are 1,138, 52 and 45 for PEDV, PDCoV and the dual infection, respectively.

Since 5 June, for PEDV, there have been 1,217 confirmed positive premises, 416 presumed positive and 66 previously positive premises that have attained negative status.

For PDCoV, the total for the same period are 58, 28 and five, respectively. For the dual infection, the totals are 47, 27 and one, respectively.

Table 1. Number of swine enteric coronavirus disease (SECD) confirmed and presumptive positive
premises by month and production class

(includes PEDV, PDCoV and dual infections; confirmed/presumptive)
MonthNurseryWean to
finish
Farrow to
finish
FinisherSow/
breeding
Un-
known
Jun-14 18 / 11 30 / 16 15 / 8 22 / 28 47 / 45 14 / 52
Jul-14 25 / 12 36 / 8 6 / 5 20 / 13 33 / 12 15 / 33
Aug-14 15 / 8 17 / 6 2 / 5 25 / 10 10 / 6 10 / 22
Sep-14 17 / 3 21 / 5 2 / 2 30 / 8 31 / 7 6 / 14
Oct-14 2 / 4 24 / 5 2 / 0 33 / 15 6 / 2 11 / 8
Nov-14 6 / 1 15 / 3 1 / - 40 / 6 11 / 8 20 / 8
Dec-14 16 / 1 42 / 2 12 / 4 60 / 8 20 / 4 12 / 4
Jan-15 19 / 3 71 / 7 9 / 0 72 / 13 19 / 1 38 / 5
Feb-15 11 / 0 47 / 2 6 / 0 53 / 6 15 / 1 29 / 1
Mar-15 to date 10 / 0 38 / 0 4 / 0 20 / 0 9 / 0 16 / 1
Total 146 / 47 357 / 60 62 / 25 390 / 110 212 / 92 155 / 137

 

Table 2. Biological accessions tested and number positive by month
(since 5 June 2014)
 PEDVPDCoV
MonthTestedPositive% positiveTestedPositive% positive
Total before 5 June 2014 21,128 6,976 33.0 2,172 260 12.0
Jun-14 2,768 407 14.7 824 80 9.7
Jul-14 3,555 410 11.5 1,195 46 3.8
Aug-14 3,095 312 10.1 1,193 18 1.5
Sep-14 3,143 261 8.3 1,338 11 0.8
Oct-14 3,304 299 9.0 1,899 19 1.0
Nov-14 2,505 305 12.2 1,555 30 1.9
Dec-14 3,237 446 13.8 1,982 50 2.5
Jan-15 3,089 500 16.2 1,845 44 2.4
Feb-15 2,981 461 15.5 1,802 49 2.7
Mar-15 3,300 596 18.1 1,893 57 3.0
Apr-15 to date 382 69 18.1 236 5 2.1
Total since Jun-14 31,367 4,064 13.0 15,788 407 2.6
Grand total 52,495 11,040 21.0 17,960 667 3.7
5m Publishing
Figure 1. PED-positive biological accessions in the US, by week (since 5 June 2014)
5m Publishing
Figure 2. PDCoV-positive biological accessions in the US, by week (since 5 June 2014)

Location of Positive Premises

PEDV

There are currently 32 states with at least one confirmed positive case of PEDV.

For the current week (29 March), there were 106 PEDV-positive laboratory accessions, bringing the total since 5 June 2014 to 4,066. Iowa reported 34 of these new cases, North Carolina 26 and Minnesota 10.

Also reporting positive results in this most recent week were California, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, Wisconsin and "unknown".

USDA APHIS
Figure 3. PEDV: Cumulative confirmed and presumptive PEDV-positive premises since 5 June 2014

PDCoV

There are currently 19 states with at least one confirmed positive case of PDCoV.

For the current week (29 March), there were seven PDCoV-positive laboratory accessions, bringing the total since 5 June 2014 to 404. There were three positive premises in Iowa and one each in California, North Carolina, Oklahoma and South Dakota.

USDA APHIS
Figure 4. PDCoV: Cumulative confirmed and presumptive PDCoV-positive premises since 5 June 2014

Dual infection with PEDV and PDCoV

There are currently 14 states with one or more confirmed positive cases of the dual infection with both PEDV and PDCoV.

Most-affected states with the dual infection are Iowa and Minnesota, with 19 and nine confirmed positive results, respectively. APHIS has not updated the table giving the location of the new positive results this week.

USDA APHIS
Figure 5. Dual infection: Cumulative confirmed and presumptive positive premises with both PEDV and PDCoV since 5 June 2014

Critical notes about these data are provided at the end of the original report.

Further Reading

Find out more information on PED virus by clicking here
For more information on PDCoV by clicking here.

ThePigSite News Desk



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