Bordetellosis

This disease affects all pigs. The key clinical signs include coughing; sneezing; nasal discharge.
calendar icon 13 November 2018
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Background and history

Bordetella bronchiseptica is a bacterium found in most if not all pig populations. Some strains cause a mild and non-progressive rhinitis that heals spontaneously. The disease is clinically and economically of no consequence. However if toxigenic pasteurella are present in the herd then a combination of the two organisms can produce severe progressive rhinitis (PAR).

Bordetella bronchiseptica can be a secondary opportunist invader in pneumonia.

Clinical signs

  • Coughing.
  • Sneezing.
  • Nasal discharge.

Diagnosis

This is based on cultural and laboratory examinations.

Causes

  • High levels of the bacteria may predominate in poor environments.
  • Recirculation of air in nurseries allows a build-up of organisms.
  • Continual use of housing.

Prevention

  • Tidiness of environments.
  • No treatment needed unless levels are high.
  • In-feed medicate with trimethoprim sulpha or chlortetracycline.
  • Inject weaners with oxytetracycline long-acting at weaning.

Treatment

Bordetellosis can be treated using:

  • Ampicillin.
  • Cloxacillin.
  • Enrofloxacin.
  • Erythromycin.
  • Streptomycin.
  • Sulphonamides:
    • Sulphadimidine.
    • Trimethoprim sulphonamide.
  • Tetracyclines.

Emily Houghton

Editor, The Pig Site

Emily Houghton is a Zoology graduate from Cardiff University and was the editor of The Pig Site from October 2017 to May 2020. Emily has worked in livestock husbandry, and has written, conducted and assisted with research projects regarding the synthesis of welfare and productivity of free-range food species.

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